|District||South 24 Parganas|
|• Body||Baruipur Municipality|
|• Total||9.50 km2 (3.67 sq mi)|
|Elevation||9 m (30 ft)|
|• Density||5,600/km2 (14,000/sq mi)|
|• Additional official||English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Telephone code||+91 33|
|Vehicle registration||WB-19 to WB-22, WB-95 to WB-99|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Jadavpur|
|Vidhan Sabha constituency||Baruipur Purba (SC), Baruipur Paschim|
Baruipur is a city and a municipality of the South 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is a part of the area covered by the Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA). It is the headquarters of the Baruipur subdivision and Baruipur police district.
Many janapadas grew up along the old Bhagirathi channel from the ancient times till around the 16th century: Kalighat, Boral, Rajpur, Harinavi, Mahinagar, Baruipur, Baharu, Jaynagar, Majilpur, Chhatrabhog etc. Bipradas Pipilai's Manasavijaya, composed in 1495, mentions many places in this region. "Chand Sadagar, a merchant character of the Manasavijaya, reached Baruipur, from Kalighat, through the old Bhagirathi channel. From there he proceeded towards Chhatrabhog, and then traveling through Hatiagarh pargana reached the open sea". Chaitanyadeva (1486–1534) also went through this route. Travelling by boat to Puri he halted at the village of Atisara, near Baruipur. "His last stoppage in 24 Parganas was at Chhatrabhog, now a village within the jurisdiction of the Mathurapur police station. Chhatrabhog seems to have been an important river-port on the old Bhagirathi channel". Rama Chandra Khan, the zamindar of Chhatrabhog, helped Chaitanyadeva to continue with his journey.
The Gajan utsab of Baruipur is famous. According to local legend, there was once a severely contested lathi fight between the lathials of the Sabarna Roy Choudhury of Barisha and the Roy Choudhury of Baruipur concerning the boundary dispute of their respective zamindaris. The Sardar of the lathials of the Sabarna Roy Choudhury was Bhriguram. The lathials of Baruipur managed to cut off his head with a sword and won the fight. However, Bhriguram was so much respected in the area that a lock of his hair was preserved. Bhriguram is still publicly honoured by the exposition of lock during the gajan mela at Baruipur.
|Cities and towns in the southern part of Baruipur subdivision (including Baruipur, Jaynagar I & II, Kultali CD blocks) in South 24 Parganas district|
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town, R: rural/ urban centre, N: neighbourhood, H: historical place/ religious centre
Places linked with coastal activity are marked in blue
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly
Baruipur subdivision is a rural subdivision with moderate levels of urbanization. 31.05% of the population lives in the urban areas and 68.95% lives in the rural areas. In the southern portion of the subdivision (shown in the map alongside) there are 20 census towns. The entire district is situated in the Ganges Delta and the southern part is covered by the Baruipur-Jaynagar Plain. Archaeological excavations at Dhosa and Tilpi, on the bank of the Piyali River indicate the existence of human habitation around 2,000 years ago.
Note: The map alongside presents some of the notable locations in the subdivision. All places marked in the map are linked in the larger full screen map.
Baruipur is located at . It has an average elevation of 9 metres (30 ft).
Khodar Bazar on the west, Salipur on the north, Baruipur (CT) on the east are census towns adjacent to Baruipur, and Komarhat is a little away on the south, as per the map of the Baruipur CD block in the District Census Handbook 2011 for the South 24 Parganas district.
|Climate data for Baruipur|
|Average high °C (°F)||25.4
|Daily mean °C (°F)||19.9
|Average low °C (°F)||14.5
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||14
|Source: Climate-Data.org (altitude: 9m)|
|Population of Baruipur|
According to the 2011 Census of India, Baruipur had a total population of 53,128, of which 26,718 were males and 26,410 were females. There were 3,763 people in the age range of 0 to 6 years. The total number of literate people was 45,434, which constituted 85.5% of the population with male literacy of 87.6% and female literacy of 83.4%. The effective literacy (7+) of population over 6 years of age was 92.0%, of which male literacy rate was 94.4% and female literacy rate was 89.6%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 13,157 and 317 respectively. Baruipur had a total of 13,226 households as of 2011.
The headquarters of the Baruipur CD block are located at PO Piyali Town, Phultala, Baruipur. The map of the CD block Baruipur on the page number 383 in the District Census Handbook 2011 for the South 24 Parganas district shows the headquarters of the CD block as being in Baruipur.
With the electrification of the railways, suburban traffic has grown tremendously since the 1960s. As of 2005-06, more than 1.7 million (17 lakhs) commuters use the Kolkata Suburban Railway system daily. After the partition of India, refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan and Bangladesh had a strong impact on the development of urban areas in the periphery of Kolkata. The new immigrants depended on Kolkata for their livelihood, thus increasing the number of commuters. Eastern Railway runs 1,272 EMU trains daily.
Baruipur College, established in 1981, is affiliated with the University of Calcutta. It offers honours courses in bengali, english, sanskrit, history, political science, philosophy, economics, geography, education, mathematics and accounting & finance, and general degree courses in arts, science, and commerce.
Al Ameen Memorial Minority College, established in 2004, is affiliated with the University of Calcutta. It offers honours courses in bengali, english, arabic, islamic history & culture, philosophy and history, and a general course in arts.
South Calcutta Polytechnic, established in 2012, offers diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate degree courses in Engineering and Technology and other allied fields.
Greater Kolkata College of Engineering and Management, established in 2008, offers diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate degree courses in Engineering and Technology and other allied fields.
Baruipur Girls' High School is a Bengali-medium school for girls. It was established in 1951 and has facilities for teaching from class V to class XII.
Padmapukur Madhya Vidyalaya is a Bengali-medium coeducational school. It was established in 1954 and has facilities for teaching from class V to class X.
Rasmoni Balika Vidyalaya is a Bengali-medium school for girls. It was established in 1948 and has facilities for teaching from class V to class XII.
Madarat Popular Academy is a Bengali-medium school for boys. It was established in 1908 and has facilities for teaching from class V to class XII.
Madarat Ishan Chandra Balika Vidyalaya is a Bengali-medium school for girls. It was established in 1964 and has facilities for teaching from class V to class XII.
Welkin National School is an English-medium coeducational school. It was established in 2005 and has facilities for teaching from class I to class XII.
Holy Cross School is an English-medium coeducational school. It was established in 1994 and has facilities for teaching from class I to class XII.
St. Montfort's Senior Secondary School is an English-medium coeducational school. It was established in 2011 and has facilities for teaching from class I to class XII.
Baruipur Subdivisional Hospital, with 250 beds, is the major government medical facility in the Baruipur subdivision.