|"Bart Gets Hit by a Car"|
|The Simpsons episode|
|Episode no.||Season 2|
|Directed by||Mark Kirkland|
|Written by||John Swartzwelder|
|Original air date||January 10, 1991|
|Chalkboard gag||"I will not sell school property".|
|Couch gag||Homer bumps everybody off the couch.|
"Bart Gets Hit by a Car" is the tenth episode of The Simpsons' second season. It originally aired on the Fox network in the United States on January 10, 1991. At the start of the episode, Bart is hit by Mr. Burns' car. Prompted by ambulance-chasing lawyer Lionel Hutz and quack doctor Dr. Nick Riviera, the Simpsons sue Mr. Burns, seeking extensive damages for Bart's injuries. Hutz and Dr. Nick exaggerate Bart's injuries so they can gain sympathy at the trial. Marge is against the whole thing and grows concerned with the fact that Homer is asking Bart to lie.
"Bart Gets Hit by a Car" was written by John Swartzwelder and directed by Mark Kirkland. The episode's plot was based on Billy Wilder's 1966 film The Fortune Cookie. Much of the ending of the show was pitched by executive producer James L. Brooks, who felt the episode needed a more emotional ending. The episode includes the debuts of three recurring characters, Lionel Hutz, Dr. Nick and the Blue-Haired Lawyer. The Devil also appears on the show for the first time. Recurring guest star Phil Hartman makes his first appearance as Hutz. The show's then-script supervisor Doris Grau also voices a character in the show for the first time.
In its original broadcast, "Bart Gets Hit by a Car" received a Nielsen rating of 14.5, finishing the week ranked 32nd. The episode received generally positive reviews.
While skateboarding on the sidewalks of Springfield one day, Bart crosses a road and is hit by Mr. Burns' car. After an out-of-body experience after couch gag on Homer, Lisa, Marge, Maggie, And all Bart are not which includes Heaven and Hell, Bart wakes up in a hospital room, surrounded by his family and a smiling stranger. The man introduces himself as attorney Lionel Hutz and suggests that the Simpsons sue Mr. Burns. Marge rejects the idea as Bart's injuries are minor and Homer is hesitant to sue his boss. Later, Mr. Burns tries to avoid a potential lawsuit by offering Homer $100, which Homer refuses as it barely covers Bart's medical bills. Homer goes to see Hutz, who promises him a cash settlement of $1 million, of which Hutz gets 50%. Hutz takes Bart to see Dr. Nick Riviera, a quack doctor who claims that Bart has extensive injuries. Marge, however, is skeptical of his medical qualifications and decries him for doing such. Hutz encourages Bart to exaggerate his condition on the witness stand during the trial; Marge and Lisa demand that he tell the truth.
On the stand, Bart and Mr. Burns tell outrageous versions of what happened. The jury shows sympathy for Bart, but Marge and Lisa are angry, believing it was Hutz's attempt to curry the jury's favor. Things seem to be looking up for Homer and Hutz. After the trial, they hear Mr. Burns yelling at his lawyers for their "incompetence" and demanding that they bring Homer to his mansion at once. At his mansion, Mr. Burns offers him and Marge a $500,000 settlement and leaves them to discuss it. Feeling guilty for lying, Marge pleads with Homer to accept the money and drop the case. Homer objects, insisting Mr. Burns knows he will lose the trial. Marge admits she dislikes the situation, including the "shifty lawyers" and "phony doctors". Mr. Burns overhears her, and at the trial his lawyer calls an unprepared Marge to the stand. When asked her opinion she hesitates and even tries to "plead the fifth". The lawyer demands that Marge give her opinion anyway, reminding her that she's under oath. She denounces the doctor as a fake and outlines how limited Bart's injuries actually are. Marge's honest testimony destroys Hutz's case and the Simpsons get nothing.
That night, Homer is depressed about the $1 million and leaves to drown his sorrows. Suspecting what he's about to do, Marge follows him. At Moe's Tavern, Moe explains that rich people are not happy, but Homer ignores him – he believes he would have been much happier with the money because he would have bought things for his family. Marge asks Homer to forgive her for her testimony. He says he is not sure he loves her any more and admits he's still angry at her for ruining his chances to better their family's life. Marge encourages him to look at her and figure out how he feels. Homer reluctantly does and at first is still convinced of his anger at Marge, until he looks into her eyes and realizes he loves her as much as ever.
The episode's plot was based on Billy Wilder's 1966 film The Fortune Cookie, in which Walter Matthau plays a dishonest lawyer who convinces Jack Lemmon's character to fake an injury for a large cash settlement. While working on the court room scenes, director Mark Kirkland watched To Kill a Mockingbird and The Verdict to get ideas for different angles he could use. Although the episode was written by John Swartzwelder, a lot of the ending was pitched by executive producer James L. Brooks. Brooks felt that the episode needed a more emotional ending, so some shots were reworked so voice-overs could be added.
The episode includes the debuts of three recurring characters, Lionel Hutz, Dr. Nick Riviera and the Blue-Haired Lawyer. Lionel Hutz was designed by Mark Kirkland, who gave him an evil design, but was asked to make him more "bland looking". He gave him a powder blue suit to make him stand out more. Phil Hartman, who voiced Hutz, also guest stars for the first time. He would later become one of the most frequently appearing guest stars, with Hutz and Troy McClure (who was introduced later in the second season) being his most well-known characters.
Dr. Nick Riviera is voiced by Hank Azaria, who used a "bad Ricky Ricardo" impression. The animators modeled Dr. Nick after then-supervising director Gábor Csupó, because they mistakenly believed that Azaria was impersonating him. The Blue-Haired Lawyer, who does not have a proper name, was based on Roy Cohn, who became famous as Senator Joseph McCarthy's lawyer. His voice, provided by Dan Castellaneta, was also an impression of Cohn. The Devil is also shown for the first time, and he was designed by Mark Kirkland, who originally tried to give him a scary design, but the writers asked him to use a more comedic look.
The show's then-script supervisor Doris Grau also appears in the show for the first time. She was used because of her unique voice, and appears as a minor character in this episode, but would later become known for voicing Lunchlady Doris.
The Devil says "Please allow me to introduce myself", a reference to The Rolling Stones song "Sympathy for the Devil". In addition, When Bart wakes up from his out-of-body experience, he says, "I did go away, Mom! I was miles and miles and miles away, writhing in agony in the pits of Hell! And you were there! And you and you and you," a reference to the 1939 film adaptation of The Wizard of Oz, when Dorothy awakens from her slumber. The design of Hell in the episode references Hieronymus Bosch's triptych The Garden of Earthly Delights, particularly the Hell panel.
In its original broadcast, "Bart Gets Hit by a Car" finished 32nd in ratings for the week of January 7–13, 1991, with a Nielsen rating of 14.5 and was viewed in approximately 13.5 million homes, down from show's season average rank of 28th. It was the highest rated program on Fox that week. The episode finished second in its timeslot to The Cosby Show, which aired at the same time on NBC, which had a Nielsen rating of 17.8.
The authors of the book I Can't Believe It's a Bigger and Better Updated Unofficial Simpsons Guide, Warren Martyn and Adrian Wood, praised "Bart Gets Hit by a Car" as "an interesting episode in that we begin to see the very dark side of Burns that will develop later, although Smithers is still just a toady. A good introduction for Lionel Hutz and a nice look at Hell, Heaven and the original Snowball".
DVD Movie Guide's Colin Jacobson lauded the episode for "provid[ing] a lot of great moments, especially in court when we heard the differing viewpoints of the accident offered by Bart and Mr. Burns. 'Car' worked well and was consistently amusing and lively." 
Dawn Taylor of The DVD Journal thought the best line was Bart's testimony: "It was a beautiful Sunday afternoon. I was playing in my wholesome childlike way, little realizing that I was about to be struck down by the Luxury Car of Death."
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