This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Baranagar

Baranagar

Baranagore
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Hooghly River at Baranagar
Hooghly River at Baranagar
Etymology: Bengali: বরাহনগর ("city of hogs")
Baranagar is located in Kolkata
Baranagar
Baranagar
Location in Kolkata, West Bengal, India
Baranagar is located in West Bengal
Baranagar
Baranagar
Baranagar (West Bengal)
Baranagar is located in India
Baranagar
Baranagar
Baranagar (India)
Coordinates: 22°38′N 88°22′E / 22.64°N 88.37°E / 22.64; 88.37
Country India
StateWest Bengal
RegionGreater Kolkata
Established1869; 150 years ago (1869)
Government
 • TypeMunicipality
 • BodyBaranagar Municipality
 • Municipality ChairmanAparna Moulik[1][2]
 • MLATapas Roy[3] (State Minister of West Bengal)
Area
 • Total7.12 km2 (2.75 sq mi)
Elevation
12 m (39 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total245,313
 • Rank19th (in West Bengal)[4]
187th (in India)
 • Density34,000/km2 (89,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700035, 700036, 700090, 700108
Telephone code+91 33
Vehicle registrationWB-23, WB-24, WB-25, WB-26
Lok Sabha constituencyDum Dum
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBaranagar
Websitebaranagarmunicipality.org

Baranagar or Baranagore is a neighbourhood in Kolkata and a municipality of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is situated in the region of Greater Kolkata and therefore is a part of the area covered by Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority (KMDA).

It is home to the Indian Statistical Institute, an institution of national importance devoted to the research, teaching and application of statistics, natural sciences and social sciences.[5] Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School is one of the oldest and renowned schools in Baranagar and North 24 Parganas.[6]

Baranagar is a major industrial centre for the manufacture of agricultural and industrial machinery, chemicals, castor oil, and matches; there are also numerous cotton-processing companies.

Etymology

The word Baranagar derives from the Bengali term Barahanagore (Bengali: বরাহনগর), meaning "City of the Hogs". (বরাহ: Hog, নগর: City)

Streynsham Master who visited the area in 1676 spoke of the hog factory where about 3,000 hogs a year were slaughtered and salted for export.[7]

History

Dutch Kuthi at Baranagar

The Dutch had homes here in the seventeenth century. Streynsham Master who visited the area in 1676 spoke of the hog factory where about 3,000 hogs a year were slaughtered and salted for export. Later it became the centre for the extensive jute trade, manufacturing gunny bags.[7] A major road parallel to the river Hooghly connects Baranagar Bazaar with Dakshineswar. In between temples such as Kaancher Mandir (i.e. Glass Temple), Joy Mitra Kali Bari, and Pathbari are located.

In Kutighat (Baranagar), still there is an old house/lodge of Dutch merchants.

Baranagar was originally a Portuguese settlement that became the seat of a Dutch trading station and an important river anchorage for Dutch shipping. In 1795 it was ceded to the British. Constituted as the municipality of North Suburban in 1869,[2] the city was renamed Baranagar in 1889. In 1899 it was divided, the northern half becoming Kamarhati municipality.[8] Baranagar municipality is one of the oldest municipalities in India.

Famous residents

Geography

Cities and towns in the southern portion of Barrackpore subdivision in North 24 Parganas district
M: municipal city/ town, CT: census town,
N: neighbourhood/ administrative location
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

Baranagar is located at 22°38′N 88°22′E / 22.64°N 88.37°E / 22.64; 88.37.[15] It has an average elevation of 12 metres (39 feet).It is situated east of the Hooghly River. Baranagar municipal area lies between Sinthee more and Dunlop.

More particularly to say, the boundary of Baranagar is – in the east, the Rail line from Sealdah towards Krishnanagar; in the west – the holy river Ganga, in the north – PWD Road and in the south – Baranagar Bazaar. It is connected by the holy Ganges to Dakshineshwar temple which lies just a quarter of a mile from this place. There are many Ganga ghats in Baranagar for example Pramanic ghat, Kutighat, Dakshineshwar ghat, Kancher mandir or glass temple ghat.

96% of the population of Barrackpore subdivision (partly presented in the map alongside, all places marked on the map are linked in the full screen map) lives in urban areas. In 2011, it had a density of population of 10,967 per km2. The subdivision has 16 municipalities and 24 census towns.[16]

For most of the cities/ towns information regarding density of population is available in the Infobox. Population data is not available for neighbourhoods. It is available for the entire municipal area and thereafter ward-wise.

Demographics

Population

Population of Baranagar 
CensusPop.
190125,432
191125,8951.8%
192132,08423.9%
193137,05015.5%
194154,45147.0%
195177,12641.6%
1961107,83739.8%
1971136,84226.9%
1981170,34324.5%
1991224,83132.0%
2001250,76811.5%
2011245,213-2.2%
Source: [17]


As per the 2011 Census of India, Baranagar had a total population of 245,213, of which 126,187 (51%) were males and 119,026 (49%) were females. Population below 6 years was 16,825. The total number of literates in Baranagar was 208,779 (91.41% of the population over 6 years).[18]

As of 2001 India census,[19] Baranagar had a population of 250,615. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Baranagar has an average literacy rate of 82%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 55% of the males and 45% of females literate. 8% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Kolkata Urban Agglomeration

The following Municipalities, Census Towns and other locations in Barrackpore subdivision were part of Kolkata Urban Agglomeration in the 2011 census: Kanchrapara (M), Jetia (CT), Halisahar (M), Balibhara (CT), Naihati (M), Bhatpara (M), Kaugachhi (CT), Garshyamnagar (CT), Garulia (M), Ichhapur Defence Estate (CT), North Barrackpur (M), Barrackpur Cantonment (CB), Barrackpore (M), Jafarpur (CT), Ruiya (CT), Titagarh (M), Khardaha (M), Bandipur (CT), Panihati (M), Muragachha (CT) New Barrackpore (M), Chandpur (CT), Talbandha (CT), Patulia (CT), Kamarhati (M), Baranagar (M), South Dumdum (M), North Dumdum (M), Dum Dum (M), Noapara (CT), Babanpur (CT), Teghari (CT), Nanna (OG), Chakla (OG), Srotribati (OG) and Panpur (OG).[4]

Infrastructure

As per the District Census Handbook 2011, Baranagar municipal city covered an area of 7.12 km2. Amongst the civic amenities it had 160.23 km of roads and both open and closed drains. Amongst the medical facilities It had 55 medicine shops. Amongst the educational facilities it had 49 primary schools, 33 middle schools, 33 secondary schools, many higher secondary schools and 2 non-formal education centres. Amongst the social, recreational and cultural facilities it had 2 cinema/theatres and 2 auditorium/ community halls. It had 20 bank branches.[20]

Economy

KMDA

Baranagar municipality is included in the Kolkata Metropolitan Area for which the KMDA is the statutory planning and development authority.[21][22]

Baranagar is also economically enriched for "Baranagar Jute Mill". Hessian, sacking, fabrics, carpets and bags from jute (Corchorus spp) are manufactured in here. It is one of the oldest jute mills.

Transport

Railways

Baranagar railway station

Baranagar Road railway station is situated in Baranagar, it is a Kolkata suburban railway station. It is one of the oldest railway station. Sealdah - Dankuni line's trains pass through this station.

Metro railways

Noapara metro station

Noapara metro station is situated at Noapara in Baranagar. It is Kolkata Metro's largest station. This station is also called "Maa Sarada metro station".[23]

Bus

Belghoria expressway at Baranagar
Dunlop more in Baranagar

Barrackpore Trunk Road (State Highway 2) passes through Baranagar.[24] Belghoria Expressway also passes through Baranagar. "Dunlop" crossing is one of the largest crossings in Kolkata which connects Kolkata with northern suburban areas.

Ferry

Ferry ghat at Kuthi Ghat in Baranagar

Transport in water pathway is held by boat, launch and bhutbhuti from Baranagar's Kuthi Ghat to Howrah district on the river Ganges.

Education

University

Indian Statistical Institute, Baranagar

Baranagar houses the headquarters of the Indian Statistical Institute.[5] It is an academic institute of national importance as recognised by a 1959 act of the Indian parliament. Established in 1931, this public university of India is focused on statistics.[25]

Colleges

Colleges of Baranagar are:

Schools

Baranagar Ramakrishna Mission
Baranagar Victoria School

Baranagar is also home to many schools providing quality education to the local and neighbourhood people.[26]

  • Baranagore Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama High School[27] (Senior secondary boys' school)
  • Ramakrishna Mission Centenary Primary School, Baranagaore[28] (Primary boys' school)
  • Baranagar Vidyamandir (Primary, Secondary and H.S., for boys and girls)
  • Baranagar Narendranath Vidyamandir
  • Baranagar Rajkumari Memorial Girls' School
  • Khalsa Model Senior Secondary School, Dunlop Bridge (Started by Sikh Sangat Gurdwara, Dunlop Bridge)
  • Ananda Ashram Sarada Vidyapith
  • Baranagar Netaji Colony Bharti Girls' Institution
  • Netaji High School
  • Baranagar Rameswar H.S. School
  • Baranagar Victoria School, Kuthighat
  • Ashokegarh Adarsha Vidyalaya
  • Jyotinagar Bidyashree Niketan
  • Sinthi Ram Krishna Sangha Vidya Mandir
  • Sinthee Ray Bahadur Badridas Tulsan Vidyapith (RBT School)
  • Mata Monmohini Secondary School
  • Baranagar Mayapith Girls' High School
  • Delhi Public School North Kolkata
  • Calcutta Public School, Bidhan Park
  • Baranagar Mohan Girls' High School
  • Central Modern School, Baranagar
  • Alambazar Urdu High School
  • Jyotinagar Vidyashree Niketan

Health facilities

Following hospitals are located in Baranagar:

  • Baranagar State General Hospital[29]
  • Disha Eye Hospital, Sinthi[30]
  • National Institute for Locomotor Disability (NILD)[31]
  • Baine Hospital
  • Baranagar Matri Sadan[32]
  • Indian Institute of Psycometry (IIP)[33]

Culture

Baranagar Math, dilapidated house of nineteenth century
Jai Mitra Kaali Bari (Kripamayee Kaali Bari)

Baranagar Math near Pramanick ghat is the place where Swami Vivekananda and a few other disciples of Sri Ramakrishna Dev started their spiritual journey that culminated in forming the monastic order later located at Belur Math, the present headquarters of Ramakrishna Mission.[34]Other places worth visiting are Jay Mitra Kalibari, Pramanick Kalibari, and Kouleswar Mandir. Pathbari Mandir is a place where Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the great religious leader, set his foot on his way to Puri nearly five hundred years ago here. In Baranagar a math has been set up very recently, called Alambazar Math in the heritage building where Swami Vivekananda first put up after coming back from abroad.[35] The Annapurna Temple and the newly built Omkarnath Temple are also other two attractions of the "Mahamilan Math". Trailanga Swami Math is also here in Baranagar at Vidyayatan Sarani. There is also an old kalibari in Baranagar Bazar and one in Kutighat and Pramanicghat.

Baranagar has a gurdwara named "Dunlop Gurudwara" near Dunlop Bridge, a church named "St. James' Church, Baranagar" near Sinthee More along with many mosques.

Durga idol at a pandel in Baranagar

Baranagar is famous for Durga puja. In every winter, a circus is organised at 'Sinthi Circus Maidan' named "Ajanta Circus'.

Sports

Olympic played archer Dola Banerjee, Rahul Banerjee, Atanu Das born in Baranagar.[12][13]

Many sport academies and sporting clubs are situated in Baranagar:

  • Nobodoy Football Academy[36]
  • Seishinkai Indian Karate Do & Kick Boxing Institute[37]
  • Bandhudal Sporting Club[38]
  • Calcutta Archery Club[39]
  • Baranagar Archery Club[40][41]
  • Baranagar Sporting Club[42]

Tourist attractions

Kuthi Ghat
Glass Temple

Several educational institutions, religious places, pilgrims, places of Baranagar are tourist attractions of many people:

Besides these, many people come in Baranagar every year in Durga puja period, in the time of "Ajanta Circus".

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Official District Administration site Archived 15 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ a b "Welcome to www.baranagarmunicipality.org". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  3. ^ "Tapas Roy, the MLA of Baranagar". The Telegraph. Retrieved 17 May 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011" (PDF). Constituents of Urban Agglomeration Having Population Above 1 Lakh. Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  5. ^ a b c "ISI Kolkata Campus". Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  6. ^ a b "Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama, Baranagar, Kolkata". Retrieved 13 June 2018.
  7. ^ a b Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, 1909/1980, pp 806–807, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  8. ^ Kenneth Pletcher. "Baranagar".
  9. ^ "Brief history of Baranagar Math". Ramakrishna Mission, Baranagar. Archived from the original on 8 July 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2013.
  10. ^ "Shiboprosad Mukherjee Biography". Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  11. ^ "Abhishek Chatterjee Biography". Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  12. ^ a b "Dola Banerjee, biography". archeryworldcup.org. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011.
  13. ^ a b Shuvro Ghoshal. "From Baranagar to Shanghai: The unsung journey of Indian archer Atanu Das". Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  14. ^ [www.telegraphindia.com]
  15. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Baranagar, India". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  16. ^ "District Statistical Handbook". North 24 Parganas 2013, Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4b. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  17. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  18. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  19. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  20. ^ "District Census Handbook North Twenty Four Parganas, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Section II Town Directory, Pages 781-783 Statement I: Growth History, Pages 799-803; Statement II: Physical Aspects and Location of Towns, Pages 791-794; Statement III: Civic and other Amenities, Pages 795-796; Statement IV: Medical Facilities 2009, Pages 803-805 Section: Educational, Recreational and Cultural Facilities. Directorate of Census Operations V, West Bengal. Retrieved 31 May 2018.
  21. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authoity, Annual Report 2010-11". 1/1 Kolkata Metropolitan Area Map. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  22. ^ "Kolkata Metropolitan Development Authority, Annual Report 2010-11". 1 / 2 Role of KMDA. KMDA. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  23. ^ Gupta, Jayanta (21 November 2012). "March 2013 date for Noapara Metro". Times of India. Retrieved 30 May 2013.
  24. ^ Google maps
  25. ^ "UNSD Document – The Indian Statistical Institute Act 1959". United Nations Statistics Division. Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  26. ^ "Affiliated Schools of West Bengal Board of secondary Education".
  27. ^ a b "Ramakrishna Mission Ashrama, Baranagar Mission". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  28. ^ "RAMAKRISHNA MISSION CENTENARY PRIMARY SCHOOL, BARANAGORE". Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  29. ^ "Baranagar State General Hospital".
  30. ^ "Disha Eye Hospital, Baranagar".
  31. ^ "National Institute for Locomtor Disabilities (Divyangjan)". Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  32. ^ "Baranagar Matri Sadan".
  33. ^ "Indian Institute of Psycometry, Baranagar, Kolkata".
  34. ^ a b "RKM – Index". Retrieved 17 May 2015.
  35. ^ a b "AlambazarMath". Archived from the original on 10 January 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2013.
  36. ^ [www.exametc.com]
  37. ^ [www.exametc.com]
  38. ^ "Bandhudal Sporting Club, Baranagar".
  39. ^ Shamik Chakraborty. "Archery's Hope". Retrieved 24 October 2010.
  40. ^ [g.co]
  41. ^ "The goal of the goal is to run away". Ei Samay. Retrieved 4 September 2013.
  42. ^ [t.justdial.com]

External links

Baranagar travel guide from Wikivoyage