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Balagarh (community development block)

Balagarh
Community development block
Balagarh is located in West Bengal
Balagarh
Balagarh
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°06′34″N 88°27′37″E / 23.109444°N 88.460278°E / 23.109444; 88.460278
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictHooghly
Government
 • TypeRepresentative democracy
Area
 • Total202.15 km2 (78.05 sq mi)
Elevation
17 m (56 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total228,998
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,900/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
712512 (Guptipara)
712501 (Balagarh)
Area code(s)03454
ISO 3166 codeIN-WB
Vehicle registrationWB-15, WB-16, WB-18
Literacy76.94%
Lok Sabha constituencyHooghly
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBalagarh
Websitehooghly.gov.in

Balagarh is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Chinsurah subdivision of Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal, the headquarter of the block is located in Jirat.

Overview

The Balagarh CD Block is mostly part of the Hooghly Flats, one of the three natural regions in the district of the flat alluvial plains that forms part of the Gangetic Delta. The region is a narrow strip of land along the 80 km long stretch of the Hooghly River, that forms the eastern boundary of the district. The region has been physiographically influenced by the course of the river. The western part of the block gradually merges into the Hooghly-Damodar Plain.[1]

Geography

Map of Hooghly district showing CD blocks and municipal areas

Balagarh is located at 23°06′34″N 88°27′37″E / 23.109444°N 88.460278°E / 23.109444; 88.460278.

Map of Balagarh CD block sowing GP areas

Balagarh CD Block is bounded by Santipur and Ranaghat I CD Blocks, in Nadia districts across the Hooghly, in the north, Ranaghat I CD Block, in Nadia district across the Hooghly the east, Chinsurah Mogra CD Block in the south and Pandua and Kalna II CD Blocks, in Bardhaman district, in the west.

It is located 30 km from Chinsurah, the district headquarters.

Balagarh CD Block has an area of 202.15 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 13 gram panchayats, 183 gram sansads (village councils), 135 mouzas and 129 inhabited villages. Balagarh police station serves this block.[2] Headquarters of this CD Block is at Patuligram, Jirat.[3][4]

Gram panchayats of Balagarh block/ panchayat samiti are: Jirat (Sadar), Charkrishnabati, Dumurdaha-Nityanandapur I, Dumurdaha-Nityanandapur II, Ektarpur, Guptipara I, Guptipara II, Bakulia-Dhobapara, Mohipalpur, Siza-Kamalpur, Somra I, Somra II and Sripur-Balagarh.[5]

Demographics

Population

As per the 2011 Census of India, Balagarh CD Block had a total population of 228,998, of which 200,810 were rural and 28,188 were urban. There were 116,828 (51%) males and 112,870 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 21,396. Scheduled Castes numbered 93,402 (40.79%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 21,129 (9.23%).[6]

As per the 2001 census, Balagarh block had a total population of 214,710, out of which 110,121 were males and 104,589 were females. Balagarh block registered a population growth of 15.40 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Hooghly district was 15.72 per cent.[7] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[8]

Census Towns in Balagarh CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Badhagachhi (5,052), Mirdhanga (8,482), Sripur (7,224) and Jirat (7,430).[6]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Balagarh CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Aida Kismat (4,843), Krishnabati (6,070), Nutan Char Krishnabati (4,715), Dumurdahadham (4,187), Dakshin Gopalpur (7,581) and Serpur (5,983).[6]

Other villages in Balagarh CD Block included (2011 census figures in brackets): Guptipara (2,169), Patuli (1,475).[6]

Literacy

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Balagarh CD Block was 159,735 (76.94% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 87,232 (82.36% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 72,503 (71.30% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 11.05%.[6]

As per the 2001 census, Balagarh block had a total literacy of 50.07 per cent. While male literacy was 68.38 per cent, female literacy was 49.98 per cent.[9]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion

As per the 2001 census, Bengali is the mother tongue for 86.4% of the population of the district followed by Hindi at 7.9%. Santali at 2.6% and Urdu at 2.0%, are the two other major languages spoken in the district. The population who reported Bengali as a mother tongue has decreased from 88.1% in 1961 to 86.4% in 2001 census whereas the population who reported Hindi as mother tongue has increased from 5.8% in 1961 to 7.9% in 2001 census.[10]

Religion in Balagarh CD Block
Hindu
89.24%
Muslim
8.81%
Others
1.95%

As per the 2011 census, majority of the population of the district belong to the Hindu community with a population share of 82.9% followed by Muslims at 15.8%. The percentage of the Hindu population of the district has followed a decreasing trend from 87.1% in 1961 to 82.9% in the latest census 2011. On the other hand, the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 12.7% in 1961 to 15.8% in 2011 census.[10]

In 2011 census Hindus numbered 204,353 and formed 89.24% of the population in Balagarh CD Block. Muslims numbered 20,185 and formed 8.81% of the population. Others numbered 4,460 and formed 1.95% of the population.[11]

Rural poverty

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Balagarh CD Block was 11.19%.[12]

Economy

Livelihood

Livelihood
in Balagarh CD Block

  Cultivators (15.95%)
  Agricultural labourers (42.99%)
  Household industries (4.34%)
  Other Workers (36.72%)

In Balagarh CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 15.95%, agricultural labourers 42.99%, household industry workers 4.34% and other workers 36.72%.[13]

Infrastructure

There are 129 inhabited villages in Balagarh CD Block. 100% villages have power supply. 108 villages have more than one source of drinking water (tap, well, tube well, hand pump), 19 villages have only tube well/ borewell and 2 villages have only hand pump. 7 Villages have post offices, 16 villages have sub post offices and 3 villages have post and telegraph offices. 118 villages have landlines, 80 villages have public call offices and 126 villages have mobile phone coverage. 67 villages have pucca roads and 56 villages have bus service (public/ private). 15 villages have agricultural credit societies, 22 villages have commercial/ co-operative banks and 3 villages have ATMs.[14]

Industry

Balagarh was selected the site for power station by Calcutta Electric Supply Corporation but the project was shelved. According to C.E.S.C.Web Journal of 16 April 2010 it will be revived by them.[15][16] Balagarh's economy specially depends on building of country boats and manufacture of tiles which is famous all over India.

Agriculture

Important Handicrafts of Hooghly District
  • Zari Work on Sari - Pandua, Pursurah, Jangipara, Tarakeswar and other blocks - 3,000 families involved
  • Chikon Embroidery – Babnan, Pandua, Singur - 2,500 families involved
  • Silk and Cotton Printing – Serampore (Chanditala) - 300 families involved
  • Brass and Bell Metal – Manikpat, Goghat, Arambagh - 150 families involved
  • Conch Shell – Pandua, Khanakul, Makla, Chandannagar
  • Jute Diversified Product – Baidyabati, Mogra
  • Terracota – Chinsurah, Chandannagar, Baidyabati, Mogra

Source:District Human Development Report 2010: Hooghly P. 67

Amongst the primary and other hats or markets in the Balagarh block area are at: Jeerat and Semra.[17]

The Tebhaga movement launched in 1946, in 24 Parganas district, aimed at securing for the share-croppers a better position within the existing land relation structure. Although the subsequent Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[18] Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Balagarh CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 8.29%, patta (document) holders 13.67%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 1.41%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 13.78% and agricultural labourers 62.85%.[13]

Balagarh CD Block had 116 fertiliser depots, 44 seed stores and 55 fair price shops in 2013-14.[13]

In 2013-14, Balagarh CD Block produced 35,048 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 13,376 hectares, 22,623 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 7,895 hectares, 4 tonnes of wheat from 2 hectares, 80,440 tonnes of jute from 3,825 hectares and 60,285 tonnes of potatoes from 2,890 hectares. It also produced pulses and oilseeds.[13]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Balagarh CD Block was 14,584 hectares, out of which 1,800 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 1,220 hectares by tank water, 3,040 hectares by river lift irrigation, 3,050 hectares by deep tube wells and 5,474 hectares by shallow tube wells.[13]

Banking

In 2013-14, Balagarh CD Block had offices of 12 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[13]

Transport

Balagarh CD Block has 8 ferry services and 6 originating/ terminating bus routes.[13]

The Bandel-Katwa Branch Line passes through this block and there are stations at Jirat, Balagarh, Somra Bazar, Behula and Guptipara. It is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway network.[19]

The State Highway 6 (West Bengal), running rom Rajnagar (in Birbhum district) to Alampur (in Howrah district) passes through this block.[20]

Education

In 2013-14, Balagarh CD Block had 162 primary schools with 12,195 students, 5 middle schools with 375 students, 11 high schools with 5,293 students and 15 higher secondary schools with 17,629 students. Balagarh CD Block had 1 general college with 1,958 students, 3 technical/ professional institutions with 2,558 students and 379 institutions for special and non-formal education with 6,541 students[13]

Balagarh Bijoy Krishna Mahavidyalaya, a general degree college, was established in Jirat in 1985.[21][22]

In Balagarh CD Block, amongst the 129 inhabited villages, 10 had no school, 40 had more than 1 primary school, 92 had at least 1 primary school, 27 had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 21 had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.[14]

Culture

Library

In Balagarh there is a 115 year's old public library named as Chandra Saraswati Pathagar. There is another big library of Sripur kalyan Samiti(125 year's) in Sripur Bazar Area which have wide collection of books according to the need and Jirat Ashutosh Smritimandir Rural Library is 88 year's old.

Music

Balagarh Dishari Cultural Association is carrying forward the musical tradition for more than 50 years.

Jirat

Jirat is a Census Town of the Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is situated on the western bank of the Hooghly River and is about 71 km (44 mi) away from Kolkata, is the Main Administrative Center (Sadar) of the block.

Guptipara

Guptipara is a town under Balagarh Police Station.

The first publicly organised Jagadhatri Puja was held at Guptipara, when some men were stopped from taking part in a household Jagadhatri puja. Twelve of them formed a committee and organised a barowari (baro means twelve and yar means friend) puja (worshipping). There is a difference of opinion about the year of worship – 1761 or 1790.[23][24]

There are some old temples in the village - Brindabanchandra Temple, Chaitanyadev Temple, Krishna Chandra Temple and Ramachandra Temple.[25]

Healthcare

In 2014, Balagarh CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 6 primary health centres and 4 private nursing homes with total 40 beds and 4 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 36 family welfare subcentres. 2,150 patients were treated indoor and 263,300 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[13]

Jirat Hospital (with 30 beds) is located in Jirat, Ahammadpur area, Bakulia Primary Health Centre at PO Bakuliagram (with 6 beds), Dumurdaha-Nityanadapur PHC at PO Gopalpur (10 beds), Guptipara PHC (with 10 beds), Mohipalpur PHC at PO Bridabanpur (with 4 beds), Sukharia PHC at Somra (with 4 beds) and Sripur-Bolagarh PHC at PO Balagarh (with 10 beds).[26]

Balagarh CD Block is one of the areas of Hooghly district where ground water is affected by high level of arsenic contamination. The WHO guideline for arsenic in drinking water is 10 mg/ litre, and the Indian Standard value is 50 mg/ litre. In Hooghly district, 16 blocks have arsenic levels above WHO guidelines and 11 blocks above Indian standard value. The maximum concentration in Balagarh CD Block is 600 mg/litre.[27]

References

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Physiography, Page 17. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  2. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  3. ^ "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Map of Hooghly with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Balagarh". Local Self-government. Hooghly Zilla Parishad. Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  5. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Hooghly – Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d e "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – Hooghly district. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  8. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  9. ^ "Balagarh". Local Self-government. Hooghly Zilla Parishad. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
  10. ^ a b "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Religion, Mother-tongue Pages 50-51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  11. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  12. ^ "District Human Development Report: Hooghly" (PDF). Table 2.38: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Hooghly 2005, page 89. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 August 2017. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.7, 17.2, 16.1, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 October 2018.
  14. ^ a b "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Appendices to Village Directory, 2009, Pages 775-779. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  15. ^ The Hindu Business Line 22 April 2004
  16. ^ "CESC terms for Balagarh". The Telegraph. Calcutta, India. 2012-05-09. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  17. ^ "Primary Hats/Markets of District". Hooghly. West Bengal State Marketing Board. Archived from the original on 2009-07-07. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
  18. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Archived from the original on 2016-10-05. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  19. ^ "37911 Howrah Katwa Local". Indiarailinfo. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  20. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 20 June 2017.
  21. ^ "Balagarh Bijoy Krishna Mahavidyalaya". BBKM. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  22. ^ "Balagarh Bejoy Krishna Mahavidyala". College Admission. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  23. ^ Calcutta Web Archived 2007-04-12 at the Wayback Machine
  24. ^ Festivals – Durga Puja
  25. ^ India 9. com
  26. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 July 2017.
  27. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Hugli. SOES. Archived from the original on 2017-05-24. Retrieved 3 June 2017.