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Aubervilliers Congress

Socialist Party leadership election, 2018

← 2015 29 March 2018
  Portrait d'Olivier Faure (cropped).jpg
Nominee Olivier Faure
Party PS

First Secretary before election

Rachid Temal (interim)

Elected First Secretary

Olivier Faure

The Aubervilliers Congress (French: congrès d'Aubervilliers) of the Socialist Party (PS) was held on 7 and 8 April 2018 near the Front Populaire station of the Paris Métro in Aubervilliers, Seine-Saint-Denis. The congress determined the political line of the party and elected Olivier Faure as the next First Secretary after the resignation of Jean-Christophe Cambadélis on 18 June 2017.

Luc Carvounas, Olivier Faure, Stéphane Le Foll, and Emmanuel Maurel stood as candidates for the leadership of the party. After the orientation text submitted by Faure secured a near-majority of support from activists in the first round, Le Foll, who came in second, announced his withdrawal, effectively ensuring that Faure would be elected as the new leader of the party.[1]

Background

On 9 December 2017, the National Council of the Socialist Party (PS) agreed to hold the next party congress near the Front Populaire station of the Paris Métro in Aubervilliers, Seine-Saint-Denis on 7 and 8 April 2018. The choice of the location is considered a symbolically important "wink", referencing the left-wing Popular Front coalition that came to power in 1936.[2]

The party congress comes a year after the end of the quinquennat of President François Hollande, who decided not to run for re-election amid tepid approval ratings.[3] In the subsequent primary, Benoît Hamon was nominated as the presidential candidate of the party, but secured only 6.36% of the vote in the first round of the presidential election, the worst score for a socialist candidate since 1969.[4] The party suffered further losses in the legislative elections, winning just 30 seats, compared with 278 in 2012,[5] and First Secretary Jean-Christophe Cambadélis subsequently announced his resignation as leader of the party.[6] The successive defeats left the party with a considerable financial burden: in addition to the €15.072 million in expenses from Hamon's presidential campaign,[7] public financing, based on the number of votes in the legislative elections, fell from €24.9 million to €7.6 million,[8] and the PS subsequently announced the sale of its historic headquarters on the rue de Solférino for €45.5 million on 19 December.[9]

The PS was led by "collegial direction" beginning in July until Rachid Temal was appointed as "legal representative" and coordinator of the party on 30 September.[10] The congress was held in the context of the lack of a clear political identity for the Socialist Party, with La France Insoumise to the left, La République En Marche! to the right, and Hamon departing the party to found the movement Génération.s.[11] According to an Ifop-Fiducial poll conducted in early February 2018, only 8% of respondents (and 35% of PS supporters) considered the PS to best represent the opposition to Emmanuel Macron, compared to 37% for La France Insoumise, 26% for The Republicans, and 20% for the National Front.[12]

Organization

The procedures of the congress were changed slightly from previous years', with the removal of "general contributions" before motions, with the latter reduced to 50,000 characters. In addition, the requirements to submit a motion was raised, requiring the signatures of 5% of members of the National Council (i.e., 16 members). These changes were put to a vote among party members on 18 January,[13] and the modifications were approved, with partial results on 19 January indicating 67.37% in support of the changes and a turnout level of 23.34%.[14] Prospective candidates for First Secretary were required to submit an "orientation text" with a list of signatories presenting their political project to the National Council by 27 January, with the same requirements as motions.[15] In a statement published on 23 February, the party announced that a televised debate between the four candidates would be held on 7 March from 21:00 to 22:00 CET in cooperation with LCI, RTL, and Le Figaro.[16]

On 15 March, party members voted on the orientation texts, with supporters of each motion represented at the congress in proportion to their support within each of the departmental federations, therefore influencing the future composition of the party leadership. Members voted again on 29 March, deciding between the top two motions in the previous vote, determining the First Secretary of the party, and electing the new leaders of departmental federations. All party members up-to-date on contributions before 31 December 2017 were eligible to participate, in addition to former members from 2015 onward who pay the membership fee for 2018. The Aubervilliers Congress took place on 7 and 8 April, designating the national leadership of the party.[15]

Candidates

Validated

Invalidated

Renounced

Vote on orientation texts

# Title First signatory Result
Votes %
3 Socialistes, Le chemin de la renaissance Olivier Faure 17,695 48.56
2 Cher.e.s camarades Stéphane Le Foll 9,511 26.10
4 L'Union et l'Espoir Emmanuel Maurel 6,916 18.98
1 Un progrès partagé pour faire gagner la Gauche Luc Carvounas 2,318 6.36
Eligible voters
Total votes 37,014 100.00
Abstentions
Blank and null votes 575 1.55
Valid votes 36,439 98.45

See also

References

  1. ^ "Élection au PS : Olivier Faure a obtenu 48,56% des voix, devant Le Foll à 26,10%". Europe 1. Agence France-Presse. 16 March 2018. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
  2. ^ Arnaud Focraud (9 December 2017). "Le PS fera son Congrès en avril en Seine-Saint-Denis". Le Journal du Dimanche. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  3. ^ Nicolas Chapuis (1 December 2016). "François Hollande : " J'ai décidé de ne pas être candidat à l'élection présidentielle "". Le Monde. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  4. ^ Nicolas Chapuis; Bastien Bonnefous (23 April 2017). "Présidentielle : Benoît Hamon décroche à la cinquième place". Le Monde. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  5. ^ "Après le désastre des législatives, le PS dans un champ de ruines". Le Parisien. Agence France-Presse. 19 June 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  6. ^ "Résultats des législatives 2017 : Jean-Christophe Cambadélis démissionne de la tête du Parti socialiste". Le Monde. 18 June 2017. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  7. ^ Marie-Pierre Haddad (27 August 2017). "Benoît Hamon miné par les affaires d'argent post-présidentielle". RTL. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  8. ^ Loris Boichot (19 June 2017). "Subventions aux partis : le jackpot de LREM, LR et le PS au régime sec". Le Figaro. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  9. ^ "Parti socialiste : le siège historique de Solférino vendu 45,5 millions d'euros". RTL. Agence France-Presse. 19 December 2017. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  10. ^ William Galibert (30 September 2017). "La direction collégiale du PS maintenue jusqu'au Congrès, Temal coordinateur". Europe 1. Agence France-Presse. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  11. ^ Jannick Alimi (5 January 2018). "Atomisée, la gauche se cherche un leader". Le Parisien. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  12. ^ "Le tableau de bord politique Ifop et Fiducial pour Paris Match et Sud Radio – Février 2018" (PDF). Ifop. 7 February 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 10 February 2018.
  13. ^ "Le PS jouera sa survie à Aubervilliers avec un congrès les 7 et 8 avril 2018". L'Express. Agence France-Presse. 9 December 2017. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  14. ^ "Vote militant du PS : validation des modalités d'organisation, en avant vers les congrès". Parti socialiste. 20 January 2018. Archived from the original on 26 January 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2018.
  15. ^ a b Enora Ollivier (9 January 2018). "Congrès du PS, mode d'emploi". Le Monde. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  16. ^ "Les candidats à la direction du Parti socialiste vont participer à un débat télévisé, le 7 mars". franceinfo. Agence France-Presse. 23 February 2018. Archived from the original on 23 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  17. ^ a b c d e "Qui sont les candidats déclarés à la présidence du PS ?". Europe 1. 10 January 2018. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2018.
  18. ^ a b c d e f Abel Mestre (27 January 2018). "Congrès du PS : quatre hommes en lice, le texte de Delphine Batho recalé". Le Monde. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  19. ^ Cécile Amar (3 January 2018). "Najat Vallaud-Belkacem ne briguera pas la tête du PS : "Je ne veux pas d'une vie réduite à la politique"". L'Obs. Archived from the original on 16 January 2018. Retrieved 16 January 2018.

External links