|People and organisations|
|Prime Minister||Clement Attlee|
|Prime Minister's history||1945–1951|
|Deputy Prime Minister||Herbert Morrison|
|Total no. of ministers||243 appointments|
|Member party||Labour Party|
|Status in legislature||Majority|
|Opposition party||Conservative Party|
|Opposition leader||Winston Churchill|
|Outgoing election||1951 general election|
|Predecessor||Churchill caretaker ministry|
|Successor||Third Churchill ministry|
Clement Attlee was invited by King George VI to form the Attlee ministry in the United Kingdom in July 1945, succeeding Winston Churchill as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. The Labour Party had won a landslide victory at the 1945 general election, enacting much of the post-war consensus policies, especially the welfare state and nationalisation of some industries. The government was marked by post-war austerity measures, in giving independence to India, and engagement in the Cold War against Soviet Communism.
Attlee went on to win a narrow majority of five seats at the 1950 general election, forming the second Attlee ministry. Just twenty months after that election, Attlee called a new election for 25 October 1951 in an attempt to gain a larger majority, but was narrowly defeated by the Conservatives.
The Labour Party came to power in the United Kingdom after its unexpected victory in the July 1945 general election. Party leader Clement Attlee became Prime Minister replacing Winston Churchill in late July. Ernest Bevin was Foreign Secretary until shortly before his death in April 1951. Hugh Dalton became Chancellor of the Exchequer, but had to resign in 1947, while James Chuter Ede was Home Secretary for the whole duration of the Attlee ministries' stay in power.
Other notable figures in the government included: Herbert Morrison, Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of the House of Commons, who replaced Bevin as Foreign Secretary in March 1951; Sir Stafford Cripps was initially President of the Board of Trade but replaced Dalton as Chancellor of the Exchequer in 1947; Hugh Gaitskell held several minor posts before replacing Cripps as Chancellor in 1950; Nye Bevan was Minister for Health; Arthur Greenwood was Lord Privy Seal and Paymaster General while future Prime Minister Harold Wilson became the youngest member of the cabinet in the 20th century (at the age of 31) when he was made President of the Board of Trade in 1947. The most notable of the few female members of the government was Ellen Wilkinson, who was Minister for Education until her early death in 1947.
It was an "age of austerity," as wartime rationing was continued despite the Allied Forces' victory, and was even expanded upon to include bread. Living conditions were poor, instead of expansion, it was a matter of replacing the national wealth destroyed or used up during the war. The Great Depression did not return, and full employment was created. Returning veterans were successfully reabsorbed into the postwar society. The Attlee government nationalised about 20% of the economy, including coal, railways, road transport, the Bank of England, civil aviation, electricity and gas, and steel. However, there was no money for investment to modernise these industries, and there was no effort made to turn control over to union members. The Attlee government greatly expanded the welfare state, with the National Health Service Act 1946, which nationalised the hospitals and provided for free universal healthcare. The National Insurance Act 1946 provided sickness and unemployment benefits for adults, plus retirement pensions. The National Assistance Act 1948 provided a safety net for anyone not otherwise covered. More council housing was built, and plans were made through the New Towns Act of 1946 for the growth of suburbs, and to reduce overcrowding in major cities such as London and Glasgow. Since there was little money for detailed planning, the government adopted Keynesianism, which allowed for planning in the sense of overall control of the national deficit and surplus. Two laws written by the Conservatives during the war were expanded, the Family Allowances Act 1945 and the Education Act 1944.
The Transport Act 1947 established the British Transport Commission, which took control over the railways from the Big Four — Great Western Railway, London, Midland and Scottish Railway, London and North Eastern Railway and the Southern Railway — to form British Railways.
In foreign affairs, the government was active in the United Nations and negotiated a $5,000,000,000 loan from the United States and Canada in 1946. It eagerly joined the Marshall Plan in 1948. It could no longer afford to support the Greek government and encouraged the U.S. to take its place through the Truman Doctrine in 1947. It took an active role in joining the United States in the Cold War and forming NATO. It gave independence to India, Pakistan, Ceylon and Burma and moved to strengthen the British Commonwealth.
Attlee's Health Minister, Aneurin Bevan, fought hard against the general disapproval of the medical establishment, including the British Medical Association, by creating the National Health Service (NHS) in 1948. This was a publicly funded healthcare system, which offered treatment free of charge for all, regardless of income at the point-of-use. Reflecting pent-up demand that had long existed for medical services, the NHS treated some 8,500,000 dental patients and dispensed more than 5,000,000 pairs of spectacles during its first year of operation.
Consultants benefited from the new system by being paid salaries that provided an acceptable standard of living without the need for them to resort to private practice. The NHS brought major improvements in the health of working-class people, with deaths from diphtheria, pneumonia, and tuberculosis significantly reduced. Although there were often disputes about its organisation and funding, British political parties continued to voice their general support for the NHS in order to remain electable.
In the field of health care, funds were allocated to modernisation and extension schemes aimed at improving administrative efficiency. Improvements were made in nursing accommodation in order to recruit more nurses and reduce labour shortages which were keeping 60,000 beds out of use, and efforts were made to reduce the imbalance "between an excess of fever and tuberculosis (TB) beds and a shortage of maternity beds."
BCG vaccinations were introduced for the protection of medical students, midwives, nurses, and contacts of patients with tuberculosis, a pension scheme was set up for employees of the newly established NHS, and the Radioactive Substances Act of 1948 set out general provisions to control radioactive substances. Numerous lesser reforms were also introduced, some of which were of great benefit to certain segments of British society, such as the mentally deficient and the blind. Between 1948–51, Attlee's government increased spending on health from £6,000,000,000 to £11,000,000,000: an increase of over 80%, and from 2.1% to 3.6% of GDP.
The government set about implementing William Beveridge's plans for the creation of a 'cradle to grave' welfare state, and set in place an entirely new system of social security. Among the most important pieces of legislation was the National Insurance Act 1946, in which people in work paid a flat rate of national insurance. In return, they (and the wives of male contributors) were eligible for flat-rate pensions, sickness benefit, unemployment benefit, and funeral benefit. Various other pieces of legislation provided for child benefit and support for people with no other source of income. In 1949, unemployment, sickness and maternity benefits were exempted from taxation.
A block grant introduced in 1948 helped the social services provided by local authorities. Personal Social Services or welfare services were developed in 1948 for individual and families in general, particularly special groups such as the mentally disordered, deprived children, the elderly, and the handicapped.
The Attlee Government increased pensions and other benefits, with pensions raised to become more of a living income than they had ever been. War pensions and allowances (for both World Wars) were increased by an Act of 1946 which gave the wounded man with an allowance for his wife and children if he married after he had been wounded, thereby removing a grievance of more than twenty years standing. Other improvements were made in war pensions during Attlee's tenure as prime minister. A Constant Attendance Allowance was tripled, an Unemployability Allowance was tripled from 10s to 30s a week, and a special hardship allowance of up to £1 a week was introduced. In addition, the 1951 Budget made further improvements in the supplementary allowances for many war pensioners. From 1945 onwards, three out of every four pension claims had been successful, whilst after the First World War only one pension claim in three was allowed. Under the Superannuation (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act of 1948, employees of a body representative of local authorities or of the officers of local authorities could be admitted "on suitable terms to the superannuation fund of a local authority." In 1951, a comforts allowance was introduced that was automatically paid to war pensioners "receiving unemployability supplement and constant attendance allowance."
A more extensive system of social welfare benefits was established by the Attlee Government, which did much to reduce acute social deprivation. The cumulative impact of the Attlee's Government's health and welfare policies was such that all the indices of health (such as statistics of school medical or dental officers, or of medical officers of health) showed signs of improvement, with continual improvements in survival rates for infants and increased life expectancy for the elderly. The success of the Attlee Government's welfare legislation in reducing poverty was such that, in the general election of 1950, according to one study, "Labour propaganda could make much of the claim that social security had eradicated the most abject destitution of the 1930s".
The New Towns Act of 1946 set up development corporations to construct new towns, while the Town and Country Planning Act of 1947 instructed county councils to prepare development plans and also provided compulsory purchase powers. The Attlee Government also extended the powers of local authorities to requisition houses and parts of houses, and made the acquisition of land less difficult than before. The Housing (Scotland) Act of 1949 provided grants of 75% (87.5% in the Highlands and Islands) towards modernisation costs payable by the Treasury to local authorities.
To assist home ownership, the limit on the amount of money that people could borrow from their local authority in order to purchase or build a home was raised from £800 to £1,500 in 1945, and to £5,000 in 1949. Under the National Assistance Act of 1948, local authorities had a duty "to provide emergency temporary accommodation for families which become homeless through no fault of their own."
A large house-building programme was carried out with the intention of providing millions of people with high-quality homes. A housing bill passed in 1946 increased Treasury subsidies for the construction of local authority housing in England and Wales. Four out of five houses constructed under Labour were council properties built to more generous specifications than before the Second World War, and subsidies kept down council rents. Altogether, these policies provided public-sector housing with its biggest ever boost up until that point, while low-wage earners particularly benefited from these developments. Although the Attlee Government failed to meet its targets, primarily due to economic constraints, over 1,000,000 new homes were built between 1945-51 (a significant achievement under the circumstances) which ensured that decent, affordable housing was available to many low-income families for the first time ever.
A number of reforms were embarked upon to improve conditions for women and children. In 1946, universal family allowances were introduced to provide financial support to households for raising children. These benefits had been legislated for the previous year by Churchill's Family Allowances Act 1945, and was the first measure pushed through parliament by Attlee's government. The Conservatives would later criticise Labour for having been "too hasty" in introducing family allowances.
A Married Women (Restraint Upon Anticipation) Act was passed in 1949 "to equalise, to render inoperative any restrictions upon anticipation or alienation attached to the enjoyment of property by a woman," while the Married Women (Maintenance) Act of 1949 was enacted with the intention of improving the adequacy and duration of financial benefits for married women.
The Criminal Law (Amendment) Act of 1950 amended an Act of 1885 to bring prostitutes within the law and safeguard them from abduction and abuse. The Criminal Justice Act of 1948 restricted imprisonment for juveniles and brought improvements to the probation and remand centre systems, while the passage of the Justices of the Peace Act of 1949 led to extensive reforms of magistrates courts. The Attlee Government also abolished the marriage bar in the Civil Service, thereby enabling married women to work in that institution.
In 1946, the government set up a National Institute of Houseworkers as a means of providing a socially democratic variety of domestic service.
By late 1946, agreed standards of training were established, which was followed by the opening of a training headquarters and the opening of an additional nine training centres in Wales, Scotland, and then nationwide throughout Great Britain. The National Health Service Act of 1946 indicated that domestic help should be provided for households where that help is required "owing to the presence of any person who is ill, lying-in, an expectant mother, mentally defective, aged or a child not over compulsory school age". 'Home help' therefore included the provision of home-helps for nursing and expectant mothers and for mothers with children under the age of five, and by 1952 some 20,000 women were engaged in this service.
Development rights were nationalised while the government attempted to take all development profits for the state. Strong planning authorities were set up to control land use, and issued manuals of guidance which stressed the importance of safeguarding agricultural land. A strong chain of regional offices was set up within its planning ministry to provide a strong lead in regional development policies.
Comprehensive Development Areas (CDAs), a designation under the Town and Country Planning Act of 1947, allowed local authorities to acquire property in the designated areas using powers of compulsory purchase in order to re-plan and develop urban areas suffering from urban blight or war damage.
Various measures were carried out to improve conditions in the workplace. Entitlement to sick leave was greatly extended, and sick pay schemes were introduced for local authority administrative, professional and technical workers in 1946 and for various categories of manual workers in 1948. Worker's compensation was also significantly improved.
The Fair Wages Resolution of 1946 required any contractor working on a public project to at least match the pay rates and other employment conditions set in the appropriate collective agreement. In 1946, purchase tax was removed completely from kitchen fittings and crockery, while the rate was reduced on various gardening items.
The Fire Services Act 1947 introduced a new pension scheme for firefighters, while the Electricity Act 1947 introduced better retirement benefits for workers in that industry. A Workers' Compensation (Supplementation) Act was passed in 1948 that introduced benefits for workers with certain asbestos-related diseases which had occurred before 1948. The Merchant Shipping Act of 1948 and the Merchant Shipping (Safety Convention) Act of 1949 were passed to improve conditions for seamen. The Shops Act of 1950 consolidated previous legislation which provided that no one could be employed in a shop for more than six hours without having a break for at least 20 minutes. The legislation also required a lunch break of at least 45 minutes for anyone for worked between 11:30am and 2:30pm, and a half-hour tea break for anyone working between 4pm and 7pm. The government also strengthened a Fair Wages Resolution, with a clause that required all employers getting government contracts to recognise the rights of their workers to join trade unions.
The Trades Disputes Act 1927 was repealed, and a Dock Labour Scheme was introduced in 1947 to put an end to the casual system of hiring labour in the docks. This scheme gave registered dockers the legal right to minimum work and decent conditions. Through the National Dock Labour Board (on which trade unions and employers had equal representation) the unions acquired control over recruitment and dismissal. Registered dockers laid off by employers within the Scheme had the right either to be taken on by another, or to generous compensation. All dockers were registered under the Dock Labour Scheme, giving them a legal right to minimum work, holidays and sick pay.
Wages for members of the police force were significantly increased. The introduction of a Miner's Charter in 1946 instituted a five-day work week for miners and a standardised day wage structure, and in 1948 a Colliery Workers Supplementary Scheme was approved, providing supplementary allowances to disabled coal-workers and their dependants. In 1948, a pension scheme was set up to provide pension benefits for employees of the new NHS, as well as their dependents. Under the Coal Industry Nationalisation (Superannuation) Regulations of 1950, a pension scheme for mineworkers was established. Improvements were also made in farmworkers' wages, and the Agricultural Wages Board in 1948 not only safeguarded wage levels, but also ensured that workers were provided with accommodation.
A number of regulations aimed at safeguarding the health and safety of people at work were also introduced during Attlee's time in office. Regulations were issued in February 1946 applying to factories involved with "manufacturing briquettes or blocks of fuel consisting of coal, coal dust, coke or slurry with pitch as a binding .substance," and which concerned "dust and ventilation, washing facilities and clothing accommodation, medical supervision and examination, skin and eye protection and messrooms."
The Magnesium (Grinding of Castings and Other Articles) (Special Regulations) Order of December 1946 contained special measures "respecting the maintenance of plant and apparatus; precautions against causing sparks; the interception and removal of dust; automatic operation of appliances; protective clothing; and prohibition of smoking, open lights and fires." For those workers engaged in luminising processes, the Factories (Luminising) Special Regulations (1947) prohibited the employment of those under the age of 18 and ordered "an initial medical examination to be carried out before the seventh day of employment; subsequent examinations are to be carried out once a month."Under the terms of the Blasting (Castings and Other Articles) Special Regulations (1949) "no sand or other substance containing free silica is to be employed in any blasting process," while the Foundries (Parting Materials) Special Regulations (1950) prohibited the use of certain parting powders "which give rise to a substantial risk of silicosis."
The Building (Safety, Health & Welfare) Regulations of 1948 required that measures should be taken to minimise exposure to potentially harmful dust or fumes, while the Pottery (Health) Special Regulations (1947) prohibited the use "except in the manufacture of glazed tiles" of all "but leadless or low solubility glazes and prescribe certain processes in which ground or powdered flint or quartz are not to be employed." while the Pottery (Health and Welfare) Special Regulations of 1950 made provision for the health and safety of workers employed in factories "in which there is carried on the manufacture or decoration of pottery or certain allied manufactures or processes."
Various law reforms were also carried out by Attlee's government. The Criminal Justice Act of 1948 provided for new methods to deal with offenders, and abolished hard labour, penal servitude, prison divisions and whipping. The Law Reform (Personal Injuries) Act 1948 enabled employees to sue their employers in cases where they experienced injury due to the negligence of a fellow employee. The Legal Aid and Advice Act of 1949 introduced a state aided scheme to assist those who couldn't afford legal services.
Most historians argue that the main domestic policies (except nationalisation of steel) reflected a broad bipartisan consensus. The post-war consensus is a historians' model of political agreement from 1945 to the late-1970s. In 1979 newly elected Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher rejected and reversed it. The concept claims there was a widespread consensus that covered support for coherent package of policies that were developed in the 1930s, promised during the Second World War, and enacted under Attlee. The policies dealt with a mixed economy, Keynesianism, and a broad welfare state. In recent years the validity of the interpretation has been debated by historians.
The historians' model of the post-war consensus was most fully developed by Paul Addison. The basic argument is that in the 1930s, Liberal Party intellectuals led by John Maynard Keynes and William Beveridge developed a series of plans that became especially attractive as the wartime government promised a much better post-war Britain and saw the need to engage every sector of society. The coalition government during the war, headed by Churchill and Attlee, signed off on a series of white papers that promised Britain a much improved welfare state. After the war, the promises included the National Health Service, and expansion of education, housing, and a number of welfare programmes. It did not include the nationalisation of iron and steel, which was approved only by the Labour Party.
The model states that from 1945 until the arrival of Thatcher in 1979, there was a broad multi-partisan national consensus on social and economic policy, especially regarding the welfare state, nationalised health services, educational reform, a mixed economy, government regulation, Keynesian macroeconomic, policies, and full employment. Apart from the question of nationalisation of some industries, these policies were broadly accepted by the three major parties, as well as by industry, the financial community and the labour movement. Until the 1980s, historians generally agreed on the existence and importance of the consensus. Some historians such as Ralph Miliband expressed disappointment that the consensus was a modest or even conservative package that blocked a fully socialized society. Historian Angus Calder complained bitterly that the post-war reforms were an inadequate reward for the wartime sacrifices, and a cynical betrayal of the people's hope for a more just post-war society. In recent years, there has been a historiographical debate on whether such a consensus ever existed.
In the February 1950 general election the Labour Party narrowly maintained their majority by just 5 seats. This was insufficient to govern however, due to the Bevanite split causing tensions in the party. Another general election was called in 1951 to try and increase their majority. However, in the October 1951 general elections the Conservatives returned to power under Winston Churchill. Labour was to remain out of office for the next thirteen years, until 1964, when Harold Wilson became Prime Minister.
Members of the Cabinet are in bold face.
and First Lord of the Treasury
|Clement Attlee||26 July 1945 – 26 October 1951|
|Lord Chancellor||The Lord Jowitt||27 July 1945|
|Lord President of the Council||Herbert Morrison||27 July 1945||also Leader of the House of Commons|
|The Viscount Addison||9 March 1951||also Leader of the House of Lords|
|Lord Privy Seal||Arthur Greenwood||27 July 1945|
|The Lord Inman||17 April 1947|
|The Viscount Addison||7 October 1947||also Leader of the House of Lords|
|Ernest Bevin||9 March 1951|
|Richard Stokes||26 April 1951||Also Minister of Materials from 6 July 1951|
|Chancellor of the Exchequer||Hugh Dalton||27 July 1945|
|Sir Stafford Cripps||13 November 1947|
|Hugh Gaitskell||19 October 1950|
|Minister of Economic Affairs||Sir Stafford Cripps||29 September 1947||New office. Combined with Chancellor of the Exchequer November 1947|
|Hugh Gaitskell||28 February 1950 – 19 October 1950|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Treasury||William Whiteley||3 August 1945|
|Financial Secretary to the Treasury||Glenvil Hall||4 August 1945|
|Douglas Jay||2 March 1950|
|Economic Secretary to the Treasury||Douglas Jay||5 December 1947||Office vacant 2 March 1950|
|John Edwards||19 October 1950|
|Lords of the Treasury||Robert John Taylor||4 August 1945 – 26 October 1951|
|Joseph Henderson||4 August 1945 – 1 January 1950|
|Michael Stewart||10 August 1945 – 30 March 1946|
|Arthur Blenkinsop||10 August 1945 – 10 May 1946|
|Frank Collindridge||10 August 1945 – 9 December 1946|
|Charles Simmons||30 March 1946 – 1 February 1949|
|William Hannan||10 May 1946 – 26 October 1951|
|Julian Snow||9 December 1946 – 3 March 1950|
|Richard Adams||1 February 1949 – 23 April 1950|
|William Wilkins||1 January 1950 – 26 October 1951|
|Herbert Bowden||3 March 1950 – 26 October 1951|
|Charles Royle||23 April 1950 – 26 October 1951|
|Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs||Ernest Bevin||27 July 1945|
|Herbert Morrison||9 March 1951|
|Minister of State for Foreign Affairs||Philip Noel-Baker||3 August 1945|
|Hector McNeil||4 October 1946|
|Kenneth Younger||28 February 1950|
|Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs||Hector McNeil||4 August 1945 – 4 October 1946|
|Christopher Mayhew||4 October 1946 – 2 March 1950|
|The Lord Henderson||7 June 1948 – 26 October 1951|
|Ernest Davies||2 March 1950 – 26 October 1951|
|Secretary of State for the Home Department||James Chuter Ede||3 August 1945||also Leader of the House of Commons 1951|
|Under-Secretary of State for the Home Department||George Oliver||4 August 1945|
|Kenneth Younger||7 October 1947|
|Geoffrey de Freitas||2 March 1950|
|First Lord of the Admiralty||A. V. Alexander||3 August 1945|
|George Henry Hall||4 October 1946||Not in cabinet|
|The Lord Pakenham||24 May 1951|
|Parliamentary and Financial Secretary to the Admiralty||John Dugdale||4 August 1945|
|James Callaghan||2 March 1950|
|Civil Lord of the Admiralty||Walter James Edwards||4 August 1945|
|Minister of Agriculture and Fisheries||Tom Williams||3 August 1945|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries||The Earl of Huntingdon||4 August 1945 – 22 November 1950|
|Percy Collick||5 September 1945 – 7 October 1947|
|George Brown||7 October 1947 – 26 April 1951|
|The Earl of Listowel||22 November 1950 – 26 October 1951|
|Arthur Champion||26 April 1951 – 26 October 1951|
|Secretary of State for Air||The Viscount Stansgate||3 August 1945|
|Philip Noel-Baker||4 October 1946||Not in Cabinet|
|Arthur Henderson||7 October 1947|
|Under-Secretary of State for Air||John Strachey||4 August 1945|
|Geoffrey de Freitas||27 May 1946|
|Aidan Crawley||2 March 1950|
|Minister of Aircraft Production||John Wilmot||4 August 1945||Office abolished 1 April 1946|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Aircraft Production||Arthur Woodburn||4 August 1945|
|Minister of Civil Aviation||The Lord Winster||4 August 1945|
|The Lord Nathan||4 October 1946|
|The Lord Pakenham||31 May 1948||Office in Cabinet until 28 February 1950|
|The Lord Ogmore||1 June 1951|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Civil Aviation||Ivor Thomas||10 August 1945|
|George Lindgren||4 October 1946|
|Frank Beswick||2 March 1950|
|Secretary of State for the Colonies||George Hall||3 August 1945|
|Arthur Creech Jones||4 October 1946|
|James Griffiths||28 February 1950|
|Minister of State for the Colonies||The Earl of Listowel||4 January 1948|
|John Dugdale||28 February 1950|
|Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies||Arthur Creech Jones||4 August 1945|
|Ivor Thomas||4 October 1946|
|David Rees-Williams||7 October 1947|
|Thomas Fotheringham Cook||2 March 1950|
|Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations||The Viscount Addison||7 July 1947||also Leader of the House of Lords|
|Philip Noel-Baker||7 October 1947|
|Patrick Gordon Walker||28 February 1950|
|Minister of State for Commonwealth Relations||Arthur Henderson||14 August 1947 – 7 October 1947|
|Under-Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations||Arthur Bottomley||7 July 1947|
|Patrick Gordon Walker||7 October 1947|
|The Lord Holden||2 March 1950|
|David Rees-Williams||4 July 1950||Lord Ogmore from 5 July|
|The Earl of Lucan||1 July 1951|
|Minister of Defence||Clement Attlee||27 July 1945||Also Prime Minister|
|A. V. Alexander||20 December 1946|
|Emanuel Shinwell||28 February 1950|
|Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs||The Viscount Addison||3 August 1945||also Leader of the House of Lords; became Secretary of State for Commonwealth Relations 7 July 1947|
|Under-Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs||John Parker||4 August 1945|
|Arthur Bottomley||10 May 1946|
|Minister of Education||Ellen Wilkinson||3 August 1945|
|George Tomlinson||10 February 1947|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Education||Arthur Jenkins||4 August 1945|
|David Hardman||30 October 1945|
|Minister of Food||Sir Ben Smith||3 August 1945|
|John Strachey||27 May 1946|
|Maurice Webb||28 February 1950|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Food||Edith Summerskill||4 August 1945|
|Stanley Evans||2 March 1950|
|Fred Willey||18 April 1950|
|Minister of Fuel and Power||Emanuel Shinwell||3 August 1945|
|Hugh Gaitskell||7 October 1947||Office no longer in Cabinet|
|Philip Noel-Baker||28 February 1950|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Fuel and Power||William Foster||4 August 1945|
|Hugh Gaitskell||10 May 1946|
|Alfred Robens||7 October 1947|
|Harold Neal||26 April 1951|
|Minister of Health||Aneurin Bevan||3 August 1945|
|Hilary Marquand||17 January 1951||Office not in Cabinet|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Ministry of Health||Charles Key||4 August 1945|
|John Edwards||12 February 1947|
|Arthur Blenkinsop||1 February 1949|
|Secretary of State for India and Burma||The Lord Pethick-Lawrence||3 August 1945|
|The Earl of Listowel||17 April 1947||Offices abolished 14 August 1947 (India) and 4 January 1948 (Burma)|
|Under-Secretary of State for India and Burma||Arthur Henderson||4 August 1945 – 14 August 1947|
|Minister of Information||Edward Williams||4 August 1945|
|The Earl of Listowel||26 February 1946||Office abolished 31 March 1946|
|Minister of Labour and National Service||George Isaacs||3 August 1945|
|Aneurin Bevan||18 January 1951|
|Alfred Robens||24 April 1951|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Labour||Ness Edwards||4 August 1945|
|Fred Lee||2 March 1950|
|Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster||John Hynd||4 August 1945|
|The Lord Pakenham||17 April 1947|
|Hugh Dalton||31 May 1948||Office in Cabinet|
|The Viscount Alexander of Hillsborough||28 February 1950|
|Minister of National Insurance||James Griffiths||4 August 1945|
|Edith Summerskill||28 February 1950|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of National Insurance||George Lindgren||4 August 1945|
|Tom Steele||4 October 1946|
|Bernard Taylor||2 March 1950|
|Paymaster General||office vacant|
|Arthur Greenwood||9 July 1946|
|Hilary Marquand||5 March 1947|
|The Viscount Addison||2 July 1948||also Leader of the House of Lords|
|The Lord Macdonald of Gwaenysgor||1 April 1949|
|Minister without Portfolio||A. V. Alexander||4 October 1946 – 20 December 1946|
|Arthur Greenwood||17 April 1947 – 29 September 1947|
|Minister for Pensions||Wilfred Paling||3 August 1945|
|John Hynd||17 April 1947|
|George Buchanan||7 October 1947|
|Hilary Marquand||2 July 1948|
|George Isaacs||17 January 1951|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister for Pensions||Jennie Adamson||4 August 1945|
|Arthur Blenkinsop||10 May 1946|
|Charles Simmons||1 February 1949|
|Postmaster General||The Earl of Listowel||4 August 1945|
|Wilfred Paling||17 April 1947|
|Ness Edwards||28 February 1950|
|Assistant Postmaster General||Wilfrid Burke||10 August 1945|
|Charles Rider Hobson||7 October 1947|
|Secretary of State for Scotland||Joseph Westwood||3 August 1945|
|Arthur Woodburn||7 October 1947|
|Hector McNeil||28 February 1950|
|Under-Secretary of State for Scotland||George Buchanan||4 August 1945 – 7 October 1947|
|Tom Fraser||4 August 1945 – 26 October 1951|
|John James Robertson||7 October 1947 – 26 October 1951|
|Margaret Herbison||2 March 1950 – 26 October 1951|
|Minister of Supply||John Wilmot||3 August 1945|
|George Strauss||7 October 1947|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Supply||William Leonard||4 August 1945 – 7 October 1947|
|Arthur Woodburn||1 April 1946 – 7 October 1947|
|John Freeman||7 October 1947 – 23 April 1951|
|John Henry Jones||7 October 1947 – 2 March 1950|
|Michael Stewart||2 May 1951 – 26 October 1951|
|Minister of Town and Country Planning||Lewis Silkin||4 August 1945|
|Hugh Dalton||28 February 1950||Became Minister of Local Government and Planning 31 January 1951|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Town and Country Planning||Fred Marshall||10 August 1945|
|Evelyn King||7 October 1947|
|George Lindgren||2 March 1950|
|President of the Board of Trade||Sir Stafford Cripps||27 July 1945|
|Harold Wilson||29 September 1947|
|Sir Hartley Shawcross||24 April 1951|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Board of Trade||Ellis Smith||4 August 1945|
|John Belcher||12 January 1946|
|John Edwards||1 February 1949|
|Hervey Rhodes||2 March 1950|
|Secretary for Overseas Trade||Hilary Marquand||4 August 1945|
|Harold Wilson||5 March 1947|
|Arthur Bottomley||7 October 1947|
|Minister of Transport||Alfred Barnes||3 August 1945|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Transport||George Strauss||4 August 1945|
|James Callaghan||7 October 1947|
|The Lord Lucas of Chilworth||2 March 1950|
|Secretary of State for War||Jack Lawson||3 August 1945|
|Frederick Bellenger||4 October 1946|
|Emanuel Shinwell||7 October 1947|
|John Strachey||28 February 1950|
|Under-Secretary of State for War||The Lord Nathan||4 August 1945|
|The Lord Pakenham||4 October 1946 – 17 April 1947||Office combined with Financial Secretary|
|Financial Secretary to the War Office||Frederick Bellenger||4 August 1945|
|John Freeman||4 October 1946||Under-Secretary role incorporated 17 April 1947|
|Michael Stewart||7 October 1947|
|Woodrow Wyatt||2 May 1951|
|Minister of Works||George Tomlinson||4 August 1945|
|Charles Key||10 February 1947|
|Richard Stokes||28 February 1950|
|George Brown||26 April 1951|
|Parliamentary Secretary to the Minister of Works||Harold Wilson||4 August 1945|
|Evan Durbin||5 March 1947|
|The Lord Morrison||26 September 1948|
|Attorney General||Sir Hartley Shawcross||4 August 1945|
|Sir Frank Soskice||24 April 1951|
|Solicitor General||Sir Frank Soskice||4 August 1945|
|Sir Lynn Ungoed-Thomas||24 April 1951|
|Lord Advocate||George Reid Thomson||10 August 1945|
|John Wheatley||7 October 1947|
|Solicitor General for Scotland||Daniel Patterson Blades||10 September 1945|
|John Wheatley||19 March 1947|
|Douglas Johnston||24 October 1947|
|Treasurer of the Household||George Mathers||4 August 1945|
|Arthur Pearson||30 March 1946|
|Comptroller of the Household||Arthur Pearson||4 August 1945|
|Michael Stewart||30 March 1946|
|Frank Collindridge||9 December 1946|
|Vice-Chamberlain of the Household||Julian Snow||10 August 1945|
|Michael Stewart||9 December 1946|
|Ernest Popplewell||16 October 1947|
|Captain of the Gentlemen-at-Arms||The Lord Ammon||4 August 1945|
|The Lord Shepherd||18 October 1949|
|Captain of the Yeomen of the Guard||The Lord Walkden||4 August 1945|
|The Lord Shepherd||6 July 1949|
|The Lord Lucas of Chilworth||18 October 1949|
|The Earl of Lucan||5 March 1950|
|The Lord Archibald||8 June 1951|
|Lords in Waiting||The Lord Westwood||10 September 1945 – 17 January 1947|
|The Lord Pakenham||14 October 1945 – 4 October 1946|
|The Lord Henderson||21 October 1945 – 7 June 1948|
|The Lord Chorley||11 October 1946 – 31 March 1950|
|The Lord Morrison||17 January 1947 – 26 September 1948|
|The Lord Lucas of Chilworth||9 July 1948 – 18 October 1949|
|The Lord Shepherd||14 October 1948 – 6 July 1949|
|The Lord Kershaw||6 July 1949 – 26 October 1951|
|The Lord Darwen||18 October 1949 – 26 December 1950|
|The Lord Burden||31 March 1950 – 26 October 1951|
|The Lord Haden-Guest||13 February 1951 – 26 October 1951|
Churchill caretaker ministry
| Government of the United Kingdom
Third Churchill ministry