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Ati language (Philippines)

Native toPhilippines
EthnicityAti people
Native speakers
(1,500 cited 1980)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3atk

Ati (Inati) is an Austronesian language of the island of Panay in the Philippines. The variety spoken in northern Panay is also called Sogodnin (Pennoyer 1987).[3] The Ati people also speak Kinaray-a and Hiligaynon.


Pennoyer (1987) and Reid (2013)[4] consider Inati to be an isolate with the Philippine languages. It differs markedly from the Visayan languages and has many features not found in the Central Philippine languages.

Inati shows some unique sound changes.[4]


Lobel (2013:75) lists the following Ati communities in the Philippines, with populations given in parentheses.

  • Iloilo (1,902): Anilao (341), Barotac Viejo (867), Cabatuan (31), Calinog (163), Dueñas (43), Dumangas (50), Janiuay (22), New Lucena (59), Passi (103), San Miguel (17), San Rafael (110), Santa Barbara (12), Tigbauan (69), San Joaquin (15)
  • Antique (4,680): Anini-y (156), Hamtic (3,081), Tobias Fornier (1,383), San Jose (60)
  • Capiz (308): Dumarao (308)
  • Aklan (740+): Buruanga (?), Malay (740)
  • Guimaras (789): Buenavista (189), Jordan (237), Sibunag (178), Nueva Valencia (185)
  • Negros Occidental (309): Isabela (309)
  • Romblon: Odiongan and Calatrava on Tablas Island, and San Jose on Carabao Island (unknown population size)

Total: 8,728+

Baruah (2000) lists the following locations.

  • Antique: Culuasi, Hamtic, San Jose, Sibalom, Tobias
  • Capiz: Dumarao
  • Iloilo: Janiuay, Anilao, Cabatuan, Duenas, Dumangas, Mina, New Lucena, Passi, San Miguel, San Joaquin, San Rafael, Santa Barbara, Tigbauan
  • Aklan
    • Barangay Sabang, Buruanga, Aklan (4 households, 15 people)
    • Barangay Jesuna, Nabas, Aklan (3 households, 20 people)
    • In Malay, Aklan: Barangays Argao, Cubay Norte, Cubay Sur, Cogon, Boracay (total: 63 households, 321 people)

Pennoyer (1987) reports that Sogodnin is spoken by a few remaining speakers in Cogon, Malay (whose ancestors had moved from interior Sabang to Bakirohan to Cogon), and on Carabao and Boracay islands.


  1. ^ Ati at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Ati". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Douglas F. Pennoyer. 1987. Inati: the Hidden Negrito Language of Panay, Philippines. Philippine Journal of Linguistics 18/19. 1-36.
  4. ^ a b Reid, Lawrence A. (2013) "Who Are the Philippine Negritos? Evidence from Language." Human Biology: Vol. 85: Iss. 1, Article 15.
  • Baruah, Karabi. 2000. "A Forgotten people: the Ati community of Aklan." Philippine Quarterly of Culture and Society, Vol. 28, No. 3, Special Issue: Problems of development and social justice (September 2000), pp. 301-316. University of San Carlos Publications. []
  • Lobel, Jason William. 2013. Philippine and North Bornean languages: issues in description, subgrouping, and reconstruction. Ph.D. dissertation. Manoa: University of Hawai'i at Manoa.
  • Pennoyer, F. Douglas. 1987. The hidden Negrito language of Panay, Philippines. Phlippine Journal of Lingusitics 17.2 & 18.1: 1-36.

Additional resources

External links