This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Atarib

Atarib
أتارب
Town
Atarib is located in Syria
Atarib
Atarib
Location of Atarib in Syria
Coordinates: 36°08′20″N 36°49′48″E / 36.1389°N 36.83°E / 36.1389; 36.83
Country  Syria
Governorate Aleppo
District Atarib
Subdistrict Atarib
Elevation 310 m (1,020 ft)
Population (2004)[1] 10,657
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Geocode C1022

Atarib (Arabic: أتارب‎) is a town in western Aleppo countryside, Aleppo Governorate, Syria. Located 25 kilometres (16 miles) west of the city of Aleppo and 25 km (16 mi) southeast from Reyhanlı in Turkish-administered Hatay Province, it is the regional center of Atarib District. In the 2004 census, the town of Atarib had a population of 10,657.[1]

Atarib is a large trading and agricultural center in the governorate, and the community is characterized by its rural life. An archaeological site is located at the top of a hill in the center of the town.[citation needed]

During the Syrian Civil War, Atarib has been a rebel-held town. In August 2012, it was reported that every building downtown was damaged, with windows blown out, doors peppered with shrapnel and awnings shredded to ribbons. At the center sat the charred shells of the police station and city hall, which troops occupied in February. For months, local rebels attacked their positions and tried to cut their supply lines. By the time the army left in June, the city was destroyed and deserted. Town leaders have formed military and civil councils and opened a prison that holds some 15 people. The army shelled the town daily, keeping residents away.[2] Only about 4,000 residents remained as of August 2012.[3]

It "is known for its history of civil and armed resistance against both the Syrian government and hard-line Islamist groups" and its residents have driven out both ISIL in 2014 and al-Nusra troops in 2015. By November 2013, the town was controlled by ISIL.[4] By early January 2014, clashes were reported between the Islamic Front and ISIS forces in the town.[5] By April 2014, the town was under rebel control. By June 2014, clashes were reported between the SRF and al-Nusra, about 5 days later, most of al-Nusra Front withdrew from the towns of Atarib and Sarmada.[citation needed] Al-Nusra attempted to take control of the city in February 2015. During al-Nusra’s campaign to eliminate the FSA-affiliated Hazzm Movement, al-Nusra reportedly threatened to besiege Atarib and demanded the surrender of locals who were members of the Hazzm Movement. However, with support from other rebel groups, Atarib resisted al-Nusra control.[6]

In 2017, it came within one of the "de-escalation zones" brokered between Russia, Iran and Turkey, but has been bombed since by government forces, including strikes on the marketplace in November 2017.[7][6][8]

Climate

Climate data for Atarib
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
12.9
(55.2)
16.8
(62.2)
22.2
(72)
28.1
(82.6)
32.7
(90.9)
35.0
(95)
35.3
(95.5)
33.2
(91.8)
27.1
(80.8)
18.6
(65.5)
12.5
(54.5)
23.8
(74.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
7.9
(46.2)
11.1
(52)
15.7
(60.3)
20.6
(69.1)
25.2
(77.4)
27.8
(82)
28.2
(82.8)
25.5
(77.9)
19.8
(67.6)
12.7
(54.9)
8.1
(46.6)
17.4
(63.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
2.9
(37.2)
5.4
(41.7)
9.1
(48.4)
13.1
(55.6)
17.7
(63.9)
20.5
(68.9)
21.0
(69.8)
17.7
(63.9)
12.5
(54.5)
6.8
(44.2)
3.7
(38.7)
11.1
(52)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 82
(3.23)
71
(2.8)
55
(2.17)
40
(1.57)
18
(0.71)
4
(0.16)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.12)
26
(1.02)
43
(1.69)
74
(2.91)
416
(16.38)
Source: Climate-Data.org [9]

References

  1. ^ a b "2004 Census Data for Nahiya Atarib" (in Arabic). Syrian Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 15 October 2015. Also available in English: UN OCHA. "2004 Census Data". Humanitarian Data Exchange. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Rebels carve out large enclave in north Syria", AP, Aug 11, 2012.
  3. ^ حصاد الجزيرة وأخر مستجدات معركة حلب هــ جداـام, Aljazeera, 9/8/2012.
  4. ^ Marlin Dick (28 November 2013). "Battles rage around Damascus, jihadists slay rival rebel leader". Daily Star. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  5. ^ Al Qaeda gaat helemaal los in Syrië Dagelijkse Standaard, 4 January 2014
  6. ^ a b Haid Haid Local Community Resistance to Extremist Groups in Syria: Lessons from Atarib Chatham House, June 2017
  7. ^ Marked for ‘De-escalation,’ Syrian Towns Endure Surge of Attacks, New York Times 18 November 2017
  8. ^ Bombing Civilians at Public Market in Syria’s Atarib, Bellingcat 22 December 2017
  9. ^ "Climate: Atarib". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved September 6, 2018.