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Astoria Boulevard station

 Astoria Blvd
 
Temporarily closed New York City Subway station
Astoria Boulevard-Hoyt Avenue.jpg
Station statistics
AddressAstoria Boulevard & 31st Street
Astoria, NY 11102
BoroughQueens
LocaleAstoria
Coordinates40°46′12″N 73°55′05″W / 40.769979°N 73.918161°W / 40.769979; -73.918161
DivisionB (BMT)
LineBMT Astoria Line
Servicesnone
Transit connectionsBus transport New York City Bus: Airport transportation M60 SBS to LaGuardia Airport
Bus transport MTA Bus: Q19
StructureElevated
Platforms2 island platforms
cross-platform interchange
Tracks3 (2 in regular service)
Other information
OpenedFebruary 1, 1917; 102 years ago (1917-02-01)[1]
ClosedMarch 17, 2019; 8 months ago (2019-03-17) (reconstruction)
RebuiltDecember 2019; 1 month's time (2019-12)
Station code002[2]
Accessiblenot ADA-accessible; currently undergoing renovations for ADA access
Former/other namesAstoria Boulevard–Hoyt Avenue
Traffic
Passengers (2018)4,226,298[3]Increase 6%
Rank111 out of 424
Station succession
Next northAstoria–Ditmars Boulevard: no regular service
Next south30th Avenue (local): no regular service
Queensboro Plaza (express): no regular service

Astoria Boulevard (also known as Astoria Boulevard–Hoyt Avenue) is an express station on the BMT Astoria Line of the New York City Subway. Located above 31st Street at Astoria Boulevard and the Grand Central Parkway in Astoria, Queens, the station is temporarily closed for renovation until December 2019. Under normal service patterns it is served by the N train at all times, as well as by the W train on weekdays.

History

Staircase shelter on southbound platform

This station opened on February 1, 1917, along with the rest of the Astoria Line, which was originally part of the IRT, as a spur off the IRT Queensboro Line, now the IRT Flushing Line. Trains ran between Grand Central and Astoria.[1][4] On July 23, 1917, the Queensboro Bridge spur of the elevated IRT Second Avenue Line opened. At that time, all elevated trains to Queensboro Plaza used the Astoria Line while all subway trains used the Corona Line, though this was later changed with trains alternating between branches.[4][5] This station started to be served by BMT shuttles using elevated cars on April 8, 1923.[6]

On October 17, 1949, the Astoria Line became BMT-only as the tracks at Queensboro Plaza were consolidated and the platforms on the Astoria Line were shaved back to allow through BMT trains to operate on it. Service was initially provided by the Brighton Local (BMT 1) weekdays & Broadway - Fourth Avenue Local (BMT 2) at all times.[7]

The platforms at this station, along with six others on the Astoria Line, were lengthened to 610 feet (190 m) to accommodate ten-car trains in 1950.[8]:23 The project cost $863,000. Signals on the line had to be modified to take into account the platform extensions.[9]:633, 729

On the morning of May 1, 1998, a backhoe working underneath the station (not performing New York City Transit-related work) struck the mezzanine, ripping out three support beams while damaging four more and creating a huge hole in the floor. There were no injuries, but trains bypassed the station at restricted speed. Cleanup work began immediately and by noon, the slow speed restriction was removed. By 3:00 p.m., a temporary wooden floor was installed. Less than eight hours from the time of the first response, the station was back in full service. Permanent repairs were made overnight.[10]

As part of the 2015–2019 MTA Capital Program, elevators will be added to the platforms and street, which would make the station fully compliant with accessibility guidelines under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.[11][12][13] A contract for the elevators' construction was awarded in June 2018, and substantial completion is projected for November 2020.[14] In September 2018, work began make the station compliant with the Americans with Disabilities Act. Two elevators will be installed between the street and the mezzanine, and two elevators will connect the mezzanine with the two platforms. In order to construct the street elevators, the station mezzanine will be demolished and rebuilt. The new mezzanine will be raised to reduce strikes by trucks driving underneath. Starting March 17, 2019, the station will be fully closed for nine months so the mezzanine can be replaced.[15][16]

Station layout

Track layout
P
Platforms
Southbound local "N" train "W" train do not stop here (30th Avenue)
Island platform, not in service
Peak-direction express No regular service
(No service: Queensboro Plaza southbound or Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard northbound)
Island platform, not in service
Northbound local "N" train "W" train do not stop here (Astoria–Ditmars Boulevard)
M Mezzanine two entrances/exits, station agent, MetroCard vending machines
G Street Level Entrances/Exits
View of station from RFK Bridge

The elevated station has three tracks and two island platforms. The center track is not used in revenue service, but it had been used regularly as recently as 2002.[17]

The station has wooden canopies with transite and wooden mezzanines. The northbound platform's benches are surrounded by low windscreen on three sides. The southbound platform bears the tertiary name of Columbus Square, for a small park containing a statue of Columbus by Angelo Racioppi immediately east of the southeastern stair of the station. It also has an enclosed waiting area.

Exits

Stairs/Walkway on the north side of Astoria Boulevard. The Q train served this station between 2010 and 2016.

There are four exits to the station: two to either northern corner of Hoyt Avenue North and 31st Street (via overpass), and two to either southern corner of Hoyt Avenue South and 31st Street.[18] The stair to the northwest corner of Hoyt Avenue North and 31st Street is expected to be demolished and replaced with an elevator starting in mid-November 2018.[19]

This station affords a view of the Hell Gate Bridge and viaduct to the north, Triborough Bridge to the west, and the Grand Central Parkway (Interstate 278) and Hoyt Avenue underneath. The latter two structures forced a change in the station's original design. The overpass to the far north exit was added during the Triborough Bridge's construction in the 1930s. The parkway's subsequent construction forced the relocation of the north exit stairways since the parkway was too wide for the original stairways. The southern stairways date to the station's opening in 1917. The mezzanine has separate turnstile banks from each side with crossunders from the platform stairs.

References

  1. ^ a b "First Train Runs On Elevated Line to Astoria Section". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. February 1, 1917. Retrieved June 29, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.
  2. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  3. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2013–2018". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 18, 2019. Retrieved July 18, 2019.
  4. ^ a b Annual report. 1916-1917. New York: Interborough Rapid Transit Company. 1917.
  5. ^ "Subway Link Over Queensboro Bridge". The New York Times. July 22, 1917. p. 31. Retrieved December 18, 2011.
  6. ^ "Additional Subway Service to Borough of Queens". The New York Times. April 8, 1923. p. RE1. Retrieved December 18, 2011.
  7. ^ "Direct Subway Runs to Flushing, Astoria". The New York Times. October 15, 1949. p. 17. Retrieved December 18, 2011.
  8. ^ Association, General Contractors (1950). Bulletin.
  9. ^ Transportation, New York (N Y. ) Board of (1950). Proceedings ...
  10. ^ Mbugua, Martin; Rutenberg, James (May 2, 1998). "Backhoe Cripples El". Daily News. Retrieved April 11, 2010.
  11. ^ "MTA Capital Program 2015-2019: Renew. Enhance. Expand" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. October 28, 2015. p. 61. Retrieved October 28, 2015.
  12. ^ "Funding For Subway Station ADA-Accessibility Approved". www.mta.info. April 26, 2018. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  13. ^ "MTA 2017 Preliminary Budget July Financial Plan 2017 –2020 Volume 2" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. July 2016. Retrieved August 6, 2016.
  14. ^ "Capital Program Oversight Committee Meeting November 2018" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. November 13, 2018. p. 90. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  15. ^ "MTA New York City Transit to Bring Elevators to Astoria Blvd Station". www.mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. April 17, 2018. Retrieved April 18, 2018.
  16. ^ mtainfo, Rebuilding The Astoria Line, retrieved January 30, 2019
  17. ^ Dougherty, Peter (2006) [2002]. Tracks of the New York City Subway 2006 (3rd ed.). Dougherty. OCLC 49777633 – via Google Books.
  18. ^ "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Astoria" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved September 27, 2015.
  19. ^ "Astoria Blvd Station Stair Closure for ADA Elevator – OANA". OANA - Old Astoria Neighborhood Association. November 3, 2018. Retrieved November 4, 2018.

External links