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Asansol–Tatanagar–Kharagpur line

Indian Railways Suburban Railway Logo.svg Asansol–Adra–Tatanagar–Kharagpur line
(including Adra–Bokaro Steel City & Tatanagar–Badampahar branch lines)
Adra asansol MEMU.JPG
A MEMU train travelling on the bridge across Damodar River
Overview
TypeRail line
StatusOperational
LocaleWest Bengal, Jharkhand
TerminiAsansol
Kharagpur
Operation
Opened1891 onwards
OwnerIndian Railway
Operator(s)South Eastern Railway
Technical
Track gaugeBroad gauge 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in)
Electrification1961-63 with 25 kV AC overhead line
Route map

km
km
Bokaro Airport Bokaro Steel City
78
Ispat Nagar
62
Chas
54
0
Asansol Junction
Bandidih
49
Mahuda
53
5
Burnpur Burnpur Airport
Talgaria
42
9
Damodar
Shewbabudih
36
13
Madhukunda
Bhojudih
30
20
Muradi
Parbeliya Colliery
25
Ramkanali
Santaldih
24
30
Bero
Rukni
15
35
Joychandi Pahar
Sanka
7
Gardhrubeswar
48
0│41
Adra
Kotshila
36
55
Anara
Garh Jaipur
29
61
Bagalia
Chas Road
22
69
Kustaur
Gourinathdham
15
73
Charrah Charra Airfield
81│0
Purulia
88
Tamna
96
Kantadih
104
Urma
112
Barabhum
117
Biramdih
126
Nimdih
Left arrow Chandil-Barkakana line
135
Chandil
141
Manikui
146
Kunki
149
Kandra
Sini
163
154
Birrajpur
Birbans
170
160
Gamharia
166
Adityapur
Sonari Airport
Tatanagar
0│171
Tata Steel
Jamshedpur Steel Plant
Haludpukur
22
Tata Motors
Jamshedpur Plant
Bahalda Road
42
3
Salgajhari
Aonlajhari
55
7
Govindpur
Gorumahisani
64
14
Asanboni
Tata Steel Gorumahisani
Iron Ore Mines
19
Rakha Mines
Rairangpur
65
Kuldiha
73
26
Galudih
Chhanua
80
36
Ghatshila
Badampahar
89
42
Chirugoda
Badampahar
Iron Ore Mines
48
Dhalbhumgarh
57
Kokpara
66
Chakulia Chakulia Airport
72
Kanimahuli
80
Gidhni
88
Khatkura
95
Jhargram
104
Banstala
111
Sardiha
119
Khemasuli
125
Kalaikunda Kalaikunda Air Force Station
Nimpura
127
Nimpura Through Yard
Nimpura Goods Yard
131
Girimaidan
Hijli
133
134
Kharagpur

The Asansol–Adra-Tatanagar–Kharagpur line is part of Howrah and eastern India's links with Mumbai and Chennai. It is also a major freight line for transporting iron ore, coal and steel products. This page includes the Adra-Gomoh branch line and Tatanagar-Badampahar branch lines.

History

The Howrah–Allahabad–Mumbai line, a joint effort of Great Indian Peninsula Railway and East Indian Railway Company came up in 1870.[1] The Bengal Nagpur Railway was formed in 1887 for the purpose of upgrading the Nagpur Chhattisgarh Railway and then extending it via Bilaspur to Asansol, in order to develop a shorter Howrah-Mumbai route than the one via Allahabad.[2] The Bengal Nagpur Railway main line from Nagpur to Asansol, on the Howrah-Delhi main line, was opened for goods traffic on 1 February 1891.[3] However, it was only after Kharagpur was linked from the west and the south that it was connected to Howrah in 1900.[4]

The closing years of the 19th century and the opening years of the 20th century were momentous for the area. 800 miles of East Coast Railway was built and opened for traffic between 1893 and 1896. The most vital sections of Bengal Nagpur Railway, Sini-Kharagpur-Kolaghat and Kharagpur-Cuttack, were opened to traffic in 1898-99. The Purulia-Ranchi branch was opened for traffic on 15 November 1907. BNR lines were extended to Gomoh, on EIR’s main line, in 1907. The Mohuda-Chandrapura branch line was opened in 1913.[3]

A 40-mile branch line from Tatanagar to Gorumahisani was opened to traffic in 1911 mainly for transportation of iron ore.[3]

The Purulia-Ranchi line was opened as a narrow gauge railway of BNR in 1907.[5]

Railway reorganization

The Bengal Nagpur Railway was nationalized in 1944.[3]Eastern Railway was formed on 14 April 1952 with the portion of East Indian Railway Company east of Mughalsarai and the Bengal Nagpur Railway.[6] In 1955, South Eastern Railway was carved out of Eastern Railway. It comprised lines mostly operated by BNR earlier.[6][7]

Steel plants and freight traffic

India’s first integrated steel plant, Tata Steel’s plant at Jamshedpur, became operational in 1908.[8]IISCO Steel Plant was established at Burnpur in 1918.[9]Steel Authority of India’s Durgapur Steel Plant was established in the late fifties,[10] and Bokaro Steel Plant became operational in the seventies.[11]

Although the Asansol-Gaya section of Grand Chord and Bardhaman-Asansol section of Howrah-Delhi main line serves as the principal links for Jharia Coalfield and Raniganj Coalfield, this line also links to both the coalfields. This railway line is also serving the upcoming Raghunathpur industrial area, situated near Adra in Purulia district. The new Raghunathpur Thermal Power Station (DVC) and ACC Cement Factory (Madhukunda) are a part of this.

With four steel plants served by these lines South Eastern Railway transports bulk of the raw materials like coal and iron ore used by the steel industry. It loaded 61.24 million tonnes during the period April to September 2012.[12][13] Indian Railway handled 456 million tonnes of coal in 2011-12. It was the single largest item of freight traffic. It handled 104.71 million tonnes of Iron ore in 2011-12.[14]

Electrification

The Asansol-Purulia, Purulia-Chakradharpur, Kandra-Gamharria and Sini-Adityapur sectors were electrified in 1961-62. The Tatanagar-Kharagpur sector was electrified in 1962-63.[15]

Passenger movement

Asansol, Adra, Tatanagar and Kharagpur, on this line, are the main booking stations of Indian Railway.[16]

References

  1. ^ "IR History: Early Days – II". Chronology of railways in India, Part 2 (1870 - 1899). Retrieved 27 October 2012.
  2. ^ "Number 1 Down Mail". Railways of the Raj. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  3. ^ a b c d "Major Events in the Formation of S.E. Railway". South Eastern Railway. Archived from the original on 1 April 2013. Retrieved 19 February 2012.
  4. ^ R. P. Saxena. "Indian Railway History Time line". Irse.bravehost.com. Archived from the original on 29 February 2012. Retrieved 4 January 2014.
  5. ^ "IR History: Part - III (1900 - 1947)". IRFCA. Retrieved 12 November 2012.
  6. ^ a b "Geography – Railway Zones". IRFCA. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  7. ^ "IR History: Part - IV (1947 - 1970)". IRFCA. Retrieved 21 November 2012.
  8. ^ "A Century of Trust". Tata Steel. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  9. ^ "IISCO Steel Plant". Steel Authority of India Limited. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  10. ^ "Durgapur Steel Plant". Steel Authority of India Limited. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  11. ^ "Bokaro Steel Plant". Steel Authority of India Limited. Archived from the original on 7 November 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  12. ^ "South Eastern Railway reports 2.34% growth in freight loading in April-September 2012". The Economic Times, 4 October 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  13. ^ "Iron ore helps South Eastern Rly cross freight target". The Hindu Business Line, 19 August 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  14. ^ Sanyal, Santanu. "Coal continues to top Railway's freight list". The Hindu Business Line, 9 May 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2012.
  15. ^ "History of Electrification". IRFCA. Retrieved 24 April 2013.
  16. ^ "Indian Railways Passenger Reservation Enquiry". Availability in trains for Top 100 Booking Stations of Indian Railways. IRFCA. Archived from the original on 10 May 2014. Retrieved 30 December 2012.