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Armene

Armene (Ancient Greek: Ἀρμένη[1] or Ἁρμένη or Ἀρμήνη[2]) was an ancient Greek city[3] on the Black Sea coast of ancient Paphlagonia.[4][1] Xenophon in his Anabasis writes that the Ten Thousand on their return anchored their ships here, and stayed five days.[2] The place belonged to the Sinopians. It was 50 stadia west of Sinope, and had a port.[5] A small river, named Ochosbanes by Marcian of Heraclea,[6] and named also Ochthomanes in the Anonymous Periplus, and Ocheraenus in the Periplus of Pseudo-Scylax, falls into the harbour.

Strabo writes that there was the proverb, "whoever had no work to do walled Armene."[7]

Its site is located near Akliman in Asiatic Turkey.[4][8]

References

  1. ^ a b Stephanus of Byzantium. Ethnica. s. v. Ἀρμένη.
  2. ^ a b Xenophon. Anabasis. 6.1.15.
  3. ^ Pseudo Scylax, Periplous, § 89
  4. ^ a b Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 86, and directory notes accompanying.
  5. ^ Strabo. Geographica. p. 545. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  6. ^ Marcian of Heraclea, Periplus, p. 72.
  7. ^ Strabo, Geography, §12.3.10
  8. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Armene". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.