Archer John Porter Martin (1 March 1910 – 28 July 2002) was a British chemist who shared the 1952 CBE FRS Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the invention of partition chromatography with Richard Synge.
Martin's father was a
GP. Martin was educated at Bedford School, and Peterhouse, Cambridge.
Working first in the
Physical Chemistry Laboratory, he moved to the Dunn Nutritional Laboratory, and in 1938 moved to Wool Industries Research Institution in Leeds. He was head of the biochemistry division of Boots Pure Drug Company from 1946 to 1948, when he joined the Medical Research Council. There, he was appointed head of the physical chemistry division of the National Institute for Medical Research in 1952, and was chemical consultant from 1956 to 1959.
He specialised in biochemistry, in some aspects of
vitamins E and B 2, and in techniques that laid the foundation for several new types of chromatography. He developed  partition chromatography whilst working on the separation of amino acids, and later developed  gas-liquid chromatography. Amongst many honours, he received his Nobel Prize in 1952. 
He published far fewer papers than the typical Nobel winners—only 70 in all—but his ninth paper won the Nobel. The University of Houston dropped him from its chemistry faculty in 1979 (when he was 69 years old) because he was not publishing enough.
Archer Martin shared the 1952
Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the invention of partition chromatography with Richard Synge. 
Archer Martin’s 1954 paper with A. T. James, “Gas-Liquid Chromatography: A Technique for the Analysis and Identification of Volatile Materials” reported the discovery of
gas-liquid chromatography. This publication was honored by a Citation for Chemical Breakthrough Award from the Division of History of Chemistry of the American Chemical Society presented in 2016 to the Francis Crick Institute. 
The research was actually performed at the  National Institute for Medical Research in Mill Hill, which became the Francis Crick Institute in 2015.
Martin was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1950, and made a CBE in 1960.
In 1943 he married Judith Bagenal (1918-2006), and together they had two sons and three daughters.
In the last years of his life he suffered from  Alzheimer's disease.
Martin, A J P (1950). "Partition Chromatography". Annual Review of Biochemistry. 19 (1): 517–542. doi: 10.1146/annurev.bi.19.070150.002505 . Retrieved . 2016-02-26
Martin, A J P; Synge, R L M (1941). "A new form of chromatogram employing two liquid phases A theory of chromatography. 2. Application to the micro-determination of the higher monoamino-acids in proteins". Biochemical Journal. 35 (12): 1358–1368. doi: 10.1042/bj0351358.
Ettre, C. (2001). "Milestones in Chromatography: The Birth of Partition Chromatography" (PDF). LCGC. 19 (5): 506–512 . Retrieved . 2016-02-26
Nobel Media. "Archer J.P. Martin - Facts" . Retrieved . 2016-02-27
^ See Obituary,
New York Times Aug. 6, 2002
"The Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1952 Archer J.P. Martin, Richard L.M. Synge". nobelprize.org . Retrieved . 12 March 2018
O'Connor, Anahad (August 6, 2002). "Archer Martin, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry, Dies at 92". The New York Times . Retrieved . 12 March 2018
"Citations for Chemical Breakthrough Awards 2017 Awardees". Division of the History of Chemistry . Retrieved . 12 March 2018
JAMES, AT; MARTIN, AJ (1954). "Gas-liquid chromatography; a technique for the analysis and identification of volatile materials". British Medical Bulletin. 10 (3): 170–6. doi: 10.1093/oxfordjournals.bmb.a069416. PMID 13199288 . Retrieved . 12 March 2018
"Mill Hill History". The Francis Crick Institute . Retrieved . 12 March 2018
^ a b
Wright, Pearce (5 August 2002). "Obituary: Archer Martin". the Guardian . Retrieved . 19 March 2018
Lovelock, J. (2004). "Archer John Porter Martin CBE. 1 March 1910 -- 28 July 2002: Elected F.R.S. 1950". . Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society 50: 157–170. doi: 10.1098/rsbm.2004.0012. PMID 15754473.