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Arambagh (community development block)

Arambagh
Community development block
Arambagh is located in West Bengal
Arambagh
Arambagh
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°53′N 87°47′E / 22.88°N 87.78°E / 22.88; 87.78
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictHooghly
Government
 • TypeRepresentative democracy
Area
 • Total269.31 km2 (103.98 sq mi)
Elevation16 m (52 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total285,207
 • Density1,100/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN712601 (Arambagh)
712615 (Batanal)
712613 (Gourhati)
Area code(s)03211
Vehicle registrationWB-15, WB-16, WB-18
Literacy79.01%
Lok Sabha constituencyArambagh
Vidhan Sabha constituencyArambag, Pursurah
Websitehooghly.gov.in

Arambagh is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Arambag subdivision of Hooghly district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Overview

The Arambagh CD Block is part of the Dwarakeswar-Damodar inter-riverine plain with alluvial soil.[1]

Geography

Arambag is located at 22°53′N 87°47′E / 22.88°N 87.78°E / 22.88; 87.78.

Arambagh CD Block is bounded by Raina II CD Block, in Bardhaman district, in the north, Pursurah CD Block in the east, Khanakul I CD Block in the south and Goghat I CD Block in the west.

It is located 72 km from Chinsurah, the district headquarters.

Arambagh CD Block has an area of 269.31 km2. It has 1 panchayat samity, 15 gram panchayats, 221 gram sansads (village councils), 159 mouzas and 152 inhabited villages. Arambag police station serves this block.[2]Headquarters of this CD Block is at Arambag.[3]

Gram panchayats of Arambagh block/ panchayat samiti are: Arandi- I, Arandi- II, Batanal, Gourhati I, Gourhati II, Harinkhola I, Harinkhola II, Madhabpur, Mayapur I, Mayapur II, Molaypur I, Molaypur II, Salepur I, Salepur II and Tirol.[4]

Demographics

Population

As per the 2011 Census of India Arambagh CD Block had a total population of 285,207, all of which were rural. There were 146,041 (51%) males and 139,166 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 31,356. Scheduled Castes numbered 107,158 (37.57%) and Scheduled Tribes numbered 4,171 (1.46%).[5]

As per 2001 census, Arambagh block had a total population of 253,507, out of which 129,944 were males and 123,563 were females. Arambagh block registered a population growth of 13.86 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for Hooghly district was 15.72 per cent.[6] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[7]

Large villages (with 4,000+ population) in Arambagh CD Block are (2011 census figures in brackets): Tirol (4,523), Batanal (5,585), Malaypur (8,465), Keshabpur (12,687), Mayapur (10,871), Salepur (5,965), Manikpat (4,097), Dahar Kundu (6,464), Gaurhati (13,084), Haraditya (4,011), Amgaon (4,022) and Dihi Bagnan (5,783).[5]

Other villages in Arambagh CD Block include (2011 census figures in brackets): Madhabpur (1,263) and Arandi (2,914).[5]

Literacy

As per the 2011 census the total number of literates in Arambagh CD Block was 200,570 (79.01% of the population over 6 years) out of which males numbered 1,11,189 (85.51% of the male population over 6 years) and females numbered 89,381 (72.19% of the female population over 6 years). The gender disparity (the difference between female and male literacy rates) was 13.31%.[5]

As per the 2001 census, Arambagh block had a total literacy of 51.85 per cent. While male literacy was 74.51 per cent, female literacy was 41.04 per cent.[8]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language and religion

As per the 2001 census, Bengali is the mother tongue for 86.4 % of the population of the district followed by Hindi at 7.9%. Santali at 2.6% and Urdu at 2.0%, are the two other major languages spoken in the district. The population who reported Bengali as a mother tongue has decreased from 88.1% in 1961 to 86.4% in 2001 census whereas the population who reported Hindi as mother tongue has increased from 5.8% in 1961 to 7.9% in 2001 census.[9]

Religion in Arambagh CD Block
Hindu
77.99%
Muslim
21.71%
Others
0.30%

As per the 2011 census, majority of the population of the district belong to the Hindu community with a population share of 82.9% followed by Muslims at 15.8%. The percentage of the Hindu population of the district has followed a decreasing trend from 87.1% in 1961 to 82.9% in the latest census 2011. On the other hand, the percentage of Muslim population has increased from 12.7% in 1961 to 15.8% in 2011 census.[9]

In 2011 census Hindus numbered 222,436 and formed 77.99% of the population in Arambagh CD Block. Muslims numbered 61,905 and formed 21.71% of the population. Others numbered 866 and formed 0.30% of the population.[10]

Rural poverty

As per poverty estimates obtained from household survey for families living below poverty line in 2005, rural poverty in Arambagh CD Block was 49.89%.[11]

Economy

Livelihood

Livelihood
in Arambagh CD Block

  Cultivators (17.38%)
  Agricultural labourers (42.74%)
  Household industries (5.13%)
  Other Workers (34.75%)

In Arambagh CD Block in 2011, amongst the class of total workers, cultivators formed 17.38%, agricultural labourers 42.74%, household industry workers 5.13% and other workers 34.74%.[12]

Infrastructure

There are 152 inhabited villages in Arambagh CD Block. 100% villages have power supply. 36 villages have more than one source of drinking water (tap, well, tube well, hand pump), 102 villages have only tube well/ borewell and 8 villages have only hand pump. 23 villages have post offices, 8 villages have sub post offices and 1 village has a post and telegraph office. 77 villages have landlines, 49 villages have public call offices and 150 villages have mobile phone coverage. 26 villages have pucca roads and 41 villages have bus service (public/ private). 26 villages have agricultural credit societies, 16 villages have commercial/ co-operative banks and 2 villages have bank ATMs.[13]

Agriculture

This is a rich agricultural area with several cold storages.[14] Though rice is the prime crop of the district, the agricultural economy largely depends on potato, jute, vegetables, and orchard products. Though potato is cultivated in all the blocks of this district Dhaniakhali, Arambagh, Goghat, Pursurah, Haripal, Polba-Dadpur, Tarakeswar, Pandua and Singur contributed much of its production of this district.[15]

Some of the primary and other hats or markets in the Arambgh CD Block are: Benia hat, Batanal market, Dhamsa market, Dangal market,Mayapur hat, Nawpara hat, Purba hat, Dhonda market and Goarhati market.[16]

Important Handicrafts of Hooghly District
  • Zari Work on Sari - Pandua, Pursurah, Jangipara, Tarakeswar and other blocks - 3,000 families involved
  • Chikon Embroidery – Babnan, Pandua, Singur - 2,500 families involved
  • Silk and Cotton Printing – Serampore (Chanditala) - 300 families involved
  • Brass and Bell Metal – Manikpat, Goghat, Arambagh - 150 families involved
  • Conch Shell – Pandua, Khanakul, Makla, Chandannagar
  • Jute Diversified Product – Baidyabati, Mogra
  • Terracota – Chinsurah, Chandannagar, Baidyabati, Mogra

Source:District Human Development Report 2010: Hooghly P. 67

The Tebhaga movement launched in 1946, in 24 Parganas district, aimed at securing for the share-croppers a better position within the existing land relation structure. Although the subsequent Bargadari Act of 1950 recognised the rights of bargadars to a higher share of crops from the land that they tilled, it was not implemented fully. Large tracts, beyond the prescribed limit of land ceiling, remained with the rich landlords. From 1977 onwards major land reforms took place in West Bengal. Land in excess of land ceiling was acquired and distributed amongst the peasants.[17]Following land reforms land ownership pattern has undergone transformation. In 2013-14, persons engaged in agriculture in Arambagh CD Block could be classified as follows: bargadars 9.06%, patta (document) holders 6.70%, small farmers (possessing land between 1 and 2 hectares) 1.72%, marginal farmers (possessing land up to 1 hectare) 24.77% and agricultural labourers 57.75%.[12]

Arambagh CD Block had 150 fertiliser depots, 39 seed stores and 69 fair price shops in 2013-14.[12]

In 2013-14, Arambagh CD Block produced 2,890 tonnes of Aman paddy, the main winter crop from 1,132 hectares, 40,358 tonnes of Boro paddy (spring crop) from 12,293 hectares, 516 tonnes of Aus paddy (summer crop) from 211 hectares, 2,022 tonnes of jute from 110 hectares and 60,883 tonnes of potatoes from 5,066 hectares. It also produced oilseeds.[12]

In 2013-14, the total area irrigated in Arambagh CD Block was 21,003 hectares, out of which 4,000 hectares were irrigated by canal water, 2,850 hectares by tank water, 2,070 hectares by river lift irrigation, 2,690 hectares by deep tube wells and 9,393 hectares by shallow tube wells.[12]

Banking

In 2013-14, Arambagh CD Block had offices of 10 commercial banks and 2 gramin banks.[12]

Transport

Arambagh CD Block has 3 ferry services and 8 originating/ terminating bus routes.[12]

Sheoraphuli–Bishnupur branch line
km
0 Bishnupur /
Left arrow to Kharagpur-Bankura-Adra line Right arrow
NH14-IN.svg NH-60 (old) / NH-14
6 Birshamunda Halt
17 Gokulnagar Joypur
23 Maynapur
Line under construction
70 Goghat
WB SH2-IND.png SH-2
Kalipur Bridge over Dwarakeswar River
Left arrow to Panskura(via Ghatal)
/to Bowaichandi (under constr) Right arrow
60 Arambagh P.C.Sen
51 Mayapur
Mundeswari River
45 Takipur Halt
Damodar River
40 Talpur Halt
Left arrow to Bargachia (via Champadanga)
(under construction)
35 Tarakeswar
Right arrow to Dhaniakhali (under construction)
33 Loknath
28 Bahirkhand
25 Kaikala
22 Haripal
20 Maliya
17 Nalikul
13 Kamarkundu
Kamarkundu /
Left arrow to Howrah-Bardhaman chord Right arrow
11 Singur
NH19-IN.svg NH-2 (old) / NH-19
7 Nasibpur
5 Diyara
WB SH13-IND.png SH-13 Palsit-Dankuni Road
Baidyabati Canal
Grand Trunk Road
0 Sheoraphuli /
Left arrow to Howrah-Bardhaman main line Right arrow

Sources: [18][19][20][21]

EMU services, earlier operating from Howrah to Tarakeswar, were extended to Arambagh P.C.Sen railway station on 16 September 2012, after completion of the electrified broad gauge Tarakewar-Arambagh sector of the Tarakeswar-Bishnupur extension of the Sheoraphuli–Bishnupur branch line.[22]

It is part of Kolkata Suburban Railway system.

State Highway 7 (West Bengal) running from Rajgram (in Birbhum district) to Midnapore passes through this CD Block.[23]

Education

In 2013-14, Arambagh CD Block had 215 primary schools with 18,852 students, 7 middle schools with 342 students, 17 high schools with 10,885 students and 21 higher secondary schools with 22,107 students. Arambagh CD Block had 1 general colleges with 803 students and 468 institutions for special and non-formal education with 13,348 students[12]

Kabikankan Mukundaram Mahavidyalaya, a general degree college, was established at Keshabpur in 2007.[24]

In Arambagh CD Block, amongst the 152 inhabited villages, 5 villages had no school, 56 villages had more than 1 primary school, 94 villages had at least 1 primary school, 53 villages had at least 1 primary and 1 middle school and 38 villages had at least 1 middle and 1 secondary school.[13]

Healthcare

In 2014, Arambagh CD Block had 1 block primary health centre, 4 primary health centre and 3 private nursing homes with total 65 beds and 6 doctors (excluding private bodies). It had 46 family welfare subcentres. 3,254 patients were treated indoor and 329,664 patients were treated outdoor in the hospitals, health centres and subcentres of the CD Block.[12]

Arambagh CD Block has Dakshin Narayanpur Rural Hospital (with 30 beds) at Dakshin Narayanpur, Malaypur Primary Health Centre at PO Keshabpur (with 10 beds), Selepur PHC at PO Chuadanga (with10 beds), Muthadanga PHC at PO Mayapur (with 10 beds) and Dihibagnan PHC (with 4 beds).[25]

References

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Physiography, Page 17-24. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  2. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.1, 2.2. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  3. ^ "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Map of Hooghly district with CD Block HQs and Police Stations (on the fifth page). Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Hooghly – Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 16 May 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  6. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – Hooghly district. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  8. ^ "Arambagh". Local Self-government. Hooghly Zilla Parishad. Retrieved 2011-08-04.
  9. ^ a b "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Religion, Mother-tongue Pages 50-51. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  10. ^ "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  11. ^ "District Human Development Report: Hooghly" (PDF). Table 2.38: Empirical Measurement of Rural Poverty in Hooghly 2005, page 89. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2017.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.7, 17.2, 16.1, 18.1, 18.2, 20.1, 21.2, 4.4, 3.1, 3.3 – arranged as per use. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 October 2018.
  13. ^ a b "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Appendices to Village Directory, 2009, Pages 775-779. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2017.
  14. ^ "List of functioning Cold Storage of West Bengal District wise as on 18.01.07". West Bengal State Marketing Board. Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  15. ^ "Intensive cropping with remarkable feature of Hooghly District". Retrieved 28 January 2009.
  16. ^ "Primary Hats/Markets of District". Hooghly. West Bengal State Marketing Board. Retrieved 2009-01-29.
  17. ^ "District Human Development Report: South 24 Parganas". (1) Chapter 1.2, South 24 Parganas in Historical Perspective, pages 7-9 (2) Chapter 3.4, Land reforms, pages 32-33. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2009. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  18. ^ "Howrah-Goghat Local 37371". India Rail Info.
  19. ^ "Adra Divisional Railway Map". South Eastern Railway.
  20. ^ "Kharagpur Divisional Railway Map". South Eastern Railway.
  21. ^ "SER Pink Book 2018-19" (PDF). Indian Railways.
  22. ^ "Introduction of EMU services on Tarakeswar-Aramabagh". Train Time Table and Special Trains. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
  23. ^ "List of State Highways in West Bengal". West Bengal Traffic Police. Retrieved 23 August 2016.
  24. ^ "Kabikankan Mukundaram Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 30 June 2017.
  25. ^ "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 July 2017.