This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Arambag subdivision

Arambag subdivision
Subdivision
Arambag subdivision is located in West Bengal
Arambag subdivision
Arambag subdivision
Location in West Bengal, India
Arambag subdivision is located in India
Arambag subdivision
Arambag subdivision
Arambag subdivision (India)
Coordinates: 22°53′N 87°47′E / 22.88°N 87.78°E / 22.88; 87.78
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Hooghly
Headquarters Arambag
Area
 • Total 1,058.87 km2 (408.83 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,264,602
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 code ISO 3166-2:IN
Vehicle registration WB
Website wb.gov.in

Arambag subdivision is an administrative subdivision of the Hooghly district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Overview

Arambag subdivision is a rural dominated area. All the blocks in the subdivision have cent percent population living in the rural areas. Arambagh municipality is the only urban area in the entire subdivision. A major portion of the subdivision is part of the Dwarakeswar-Damodar inter-riverine plain with alluvial soil. Only a small portion in the western fringe of the subdivision is upland. The entire area is a part of the Gangetic Delta.[1][2]

History

Arambagh subdivision was formed in 1879. It was earlier known as Jahanabad. On 19 April 1900 the name of Jahanabad was changed to Arambagh, which means “the garden of ease and comfort”. Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay was in-charge of the subdivision in its earlier days.[3]The ruins of a fort at Gar Mandaran provided the setting for Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay’s novel Durgeshnandini, published in 1865.[4]

Subdivisions

The Hooghly district is divided into the following administrative subdivisions:[5]

Subdivision Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
Rural
Population %
(2011)
Urban
Population %
(2011)
Chinsurah Hugli-Chuchura 1,148.15 1,657,518 68.63 31.37
Chandannagore Chandannagar 508.08 1,127,176 58.52 41.48
Srirampore Serampore 422.45 1,469,849 26.88 73.12
Arambag Arambag 1,058.87 1,264,602 94.77 5.23
Hooghly district Chinsurah 3,149.00 5,519,145 61.43 38.57

Administrative units

Arambag subdivision has 4 police stations, 6 community development blocks, 6 panchayat samitis, 63 gram panchayats, 567 mouzas, 554 inhabited villages and 1 municipality. The single municipality is at Arambag. The subdivision has its headquarters at Arambag.[6][7]

Police stations

Police stations in Arambag subdivision have the following features and jurisdiction:[8][9]

Police station Area covered
km2
Municipal town CD Block
Goghat n/a - Goghat I, Goghat II
Arambag n/a Arambag Arambagh
Khanakul n/a - Khanakul I, Khanakul II
Pursurah n/a - Pursurah

Blocks

Community development blocks in Arambag subdivision are:[5][10]

CD Block Headquarters
Area
km2
Population
(2011)
SC % ST % Hindus % Muslims % Literacy
Rate %
Census
Towns
Goghat I Goghat 186.32 140,030 38.79 6.01 89.71 9.75 78.70 -
Goghat II Kamarpukur 190.03 160,585 36.15 4.72 83.48 15.48 77.24 -
Arambagh Arambag 269.31 285,207 37.57 1.46 77.99 21.71 79.01 -
Pursurah Pursurah 100.42 173,437 21.35 0.48 83.51 16.28 82.12 -
Khanakul I Khanakul 171.92 254,434 28.81 0.30 75.96 23.90 77.73 -
Khanakul II Khanakul 121.83 184,734 30.07 0.02 84.21 15.67 79.16 -

Gram panchayats

The subdivision contains 63 gram panchayats under 6 community development blocks:[11]

  • Arambagh block consists of 15 gram panchayats, viz. Arandi–I, Gourhati–II, Malaypur–I, Salepur–I, Arandi–II, Harinkhola–I, Malaypur–II, Salepur–II, Batanal, Harinkhola–II, Mayapur–I, Tirole, Gourhati–I, Madhabpur and Mayapur–II.
  • Khanakul I block consists of 13 gram panchayats, viz. Arunda, Khanakul–II, Pole–II, Thakuranichak, Balipur, Kishorepur–I, Rammohan–I, Ghoshpur, Kishorepur–II, Rammohan–II, Khanakul–I, Pole–I and Tantisal.
  • Khanakul II block consists of 11 gram panchayats, viz. Chingra, Marokhana, Palashpai–I, Rajhati–II, Dhanyagori, Natibpur–I, Palashpai–II, Sabalsinghapur, Jagatpur, Natibpur–II and Rajhati–I.
  • Goghat I block consists of seven gram panchayats, viz. Bali, Goghat, Nakunda, Saora, Bhadur, Kumarsa and Raghubati.
  • Goghat II block consists of nine gram panchayats, viz. Badanganj–Falui–I, Hazipur, Mandaran, Badanganj–Falui–II, Kamarpukur, Paschimpara, Bengai, Kumarganj and Shyambazar.
  • Pursurah block consists of eight gram panchayats, viz. Bhangamora, Dihibadpur, Pursurah–I, Shyampur, Chiladangi, Kelepara, Pursurah–II and Sreerampur.

Economy

Industries

Arambagh Hatcheries Ltd. is a poultry and egg related industry based at Arambag. It was incorporated in 1973.[12]

Agriculture

Hooghly is an agriculturally prosperous district of West Bengal. Alhough the economy has been shifting away from agriculture, it is still the pre-dominant economic activity and the main source of livelihood for the rural people of the district. One third of the district income comes from agriculture.[13]Given below is an overview of the agricultural production (all data in tonnes) for Arambagh subdivision, other subdivisions and the Hooghly district, with data for the year 2013-14.[14]

CD Block/ Subdivision Rice Wheat Jute Pulses Oil seeds Potatoes Sugarcane
Goghat I 55,229 - - - 3,335 84,730 -
Goghat II 109,900 2 - - 5,912 40,723 -
Arambagh 43,248 - 2,022 - 5,084 60,883 -
Khanakul I 27,093 24 55,380 - 1,898 187,352 -
Khanakul II 17,590 24 23,090 30 1,768 15,076 -
Pursurah 1,951 25 5,409 11 1,480 126,139 123,934
Arambagh subdivision 255,011 75 134,541 30 19,477 514,903 123,934
Chinsurah subdivision 235,561 92 111,218 4 10,362 812,808 162
Chandannagore subdivision 189,791 12 136,276 - 6,522 313,692 -
Srirampore subdivision 126,852 11 39,820 12 8,058 436,111 2,437
Hooghly district 807,215 190 421,855 46 44,419 2,077,514 126,533

Handloom weaving

The handloom sarees of Dhaniakhali, Begampur, Jangipara, Rajbalhat areas and dhutis of Haripal, Rajbalhat, Khanakul areas of Hooghly district are widely familiar. [15]

Education

Hooghly district had a literacy rate of 81.80% as per the provisional figures of the census of India 2011. Chinsurah subdivision had a literacy rate of 79.17%, Chandannagore subdivision 83.01%, Srirampore subdivision 86.13% and Arambag subdivision 79.05. [16]

Given in the table below (data in numbers) is a comprehensive picture of the education scenario in Hooghly district for the year 2013-14:[16]

Subdivision Primary
School
Middle
School
High
School
Higher Secondary
School
General
College, Univ
Technical /
Professional Instt
Non-formal
Education
Institution
Student
Institution


Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Institution
Student
Chinsurah 899 85,213 46 3,885 98 48,722 109 124,068 7 16,342 26 10,564 2,413 45,289
Chandannagore 606 53,382 32 3,312 46 22,000 77 89,132 6 20,450 6 778 1,297 29,127
Srirampore 577 64,207 25 3,611 65 37,997 97 108,199 8 16,631 3 793 1,337 33,060
Arambag 935 80,705 49 5,462 83 48,513 76 91,911 7 16,950 3 228 1,838 57,383
Hooghly district 3,013 283,407 152 16,270 292 157,232 359 413,310 28 70,373 38 12,363 6,885 164,859

Note: Primary schools include junior basic schools; middle schools, high schools and higher secondary schools include madrasahs; technical schools include junior technical schools, junior government polytechnics, industrial technical institutes, industrial training centres, nursing training institutes etc.; technical and professional colleges include engineering colleges, medical colleges, para-medical institutes, management colleges, teachers training and nursing training colleges, law colleges, art colleges, music colleges etc. Special and non-formal education centres include sishu siksha kendras, madhyamik siksha kendras, centres of Rabindra mukta vidyalaya, recognised Sanskrit tols, institutions for the blind and other handicapped persons, Anganwadi centres, reformatory schools etc.[16]

The following institutions are located in Arambagh subdivision:

Healthcare

The table below (all data in numbers) presents an overview of the medical facilities available and patients treated in the hospitals, health centres and sub-centres in 2014 in Hooghly district.[23]

Subdivision Health & Family Welfare Deptt, WB Other
State
Govt
Deptts
Local
bodies
Central
Govt
Deptts /
PSUs
NGO /
Private
Nursing
Homes
Total Total
Number
of
Beds
Total
Number
of
Doctors*
Indoor
Patients
Outdoor
Patients
Hospitals
Rural
Hospitals
Block
Primary
Health
Centres
Primary
Health
Centres
Chinsurah 1 2 3 24 - - - 31 61 1,091 108 94,213 1,830,358
Chandannagore 1 3 - 8 - - - 41 53 828 56 70,724 1,105,060
Srirampore 3 2 2 12 - - - 80 99 1,894 85 63,619 1,252,941
Arambag 1 1 5 16 - - - 35 58 919 57 83,469 1,743,719
Hooghly district 6 8 10 60 - - - 187 271 4,732 306 312,025 5,932,078

.* Excluding nursing homes

Medical facilities in Arambagh subdivision are as follows:
Hospital: (Name, location, beds)[24]
Arambagh Subdivisonal Hospital, Arambagh Municipality, 250 beds.

Rural Hospitals: (Name, block, location, beds) [24]
Akri Shrirampur Rural Hospital, Pursurah CD Block, Akri Shrirampur, 30 bed.
Khanakul Rural Hospital, Khanakul I CD Block, Khanakul, 60 beds.
Natibpur Rural Hospital, Khanakul II CD Block, Natibpur, 30 beds.
Dakshin Narayanpur Rural Hospital, Arambagh CD Block, Dakshin Narayanpur, 30 beds.
Kamarpukur Rural Hospital, Goghat II CD Block, Kamarpukur, 60 beds.
Goghat Block Primary Health Centre, Goghat I CD Block, Goghat, 10 beds.

Primary Health Centres (CD Block-wise)(CD Block, PHC name/location, beds)[24]
Arambagh CD Block: Malaypur, PO Keshabpur, (10 beds), Selepur, PO Chuadanga (10 beds), Muthadanga, PO Mayapur (10 beds), Dihibagnan (4 beds).
Goghat I CD Block: Nakunda (6 beds).
Goghat II CD Block: Jitarpur, PO Bhuskunda (2 beds), Taraghat (10 beds), Badanganj (2 beds).
Khanakul I CD Block: Ghoshpur, PO Pilkhan (10 beds), Tantisal (10 beds), Harimohan Golap Sundari, PO Raghunathpur (4 beds).
Khanakul II CD Block: Sabalsinghpur (10 beds), Morakhana (2 beds), Ramchandrapur (6 beds)
Pursurah CD Block: Fatepur, PO Parshyampur (4 beds), Dihibatpur, PO Alati (10 beds).

Electoral constituencies

Lok Sabha (parliamentary) and Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituencies in Arambag subdivision were as follows: [25]

Lok Sabha constituency Reservation Vidhan Sabha constituency Reservation CD Block and/or Gram panchayats and/or municipal areas
Arambagh Reserved for SC Pursurah None Pursurah community development block, along with Arunda, Balipur, Rammohan I, Rammohan II and Tantisal gram panchayats of Khanakul I CD Block, and Harinkhola I and Harinkhola II GPs of Arambagh CD Block
- - Arambag Reserved for SC Arambag municipality, and Arandi I, Arandi II, Batanal, Gaurhati I, Gaurhati II, Madhabpur,Mayapur I, Mayapur II, Malaypur I, Malaypur II, Salepur I, Salepur II and Tirol GPs of Arambagh CD Block
- - Goghat Reserved for SC Goghat I and Goghat II CD Blocks
- - Khanakul Reserved for SC Khanakul II CD Block, and Ghoshpur, Khanakul I, Khanakul II, Kishorpur I, Kishorpur II, Pole I,Pole II, Thakuranichak I, and Thakuranichak II GPs of Khanakul I CD Block
- - Other two assembly segments are in Chandannagore subdivision and one assembly segment is in Paschim Medinipur district - -

References

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook: Hugli, Series-20, Part XIIA" (PDF). Physiography, Page 17-24. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  2. ^ "District Human Development Report: Hooghly" (PDF). Demographical Profile of the District , page 39. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2017. 
  3. ^ "District Census Handbook, Hooghly, series 20, part XII B, 2011" (PDF). Page 13. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 2 July 2017. 
  4. ^ "Banking on history, religion to attract tourists in Hooghly". The Hindu, 26 September 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Table 2.2, 2.4(a). Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  6. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Table 2.1. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  7. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Bardhaman - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 19 June 2017. 
  8. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 2.1, 2.2,. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  9. ^ "Hooghly District Police". West Bengal Police. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  10. ^ "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 24 October 2016. 
  11. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Hooghly - Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  12. ^ "Arambag Hatcheries". Zauba Corp. Retrieved 19 July 2017. 
  13. ^ "District Human Development Report: Hooghly" (PDF). page 58. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  14. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Tables 18.1. Data for subdivisions/ district calculated by totalling the CD Block data provided. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  15. ^ "District Human Development Report: Hooghly" (PDF). page 67. Development and Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2011. Retrieved 26 June 2017. 
  16. ^ a b c "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Basic data: Table 4.4, 4.5, Clarifications: other related tables. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  17. ^ "Netaji Mahavidyalaya". NM. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  18. ^ "Raja Rammohan Roy Mahavidyalaya". RRRM. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  19. ^ "Sri Ramkrishna Sarada Vidyamahapith". SRSMV. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  20. ^ "Arambagh Girls' College". AGC. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  21. ^ "Kabikankan Mukundaram Mahavidyalaya". College Admission. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  22. ^ "Aghorekamini Prakashchandra Mahavidyalaya". AKPCM. Retrieved 30 June 2017. 
  23. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Hooghly". Table 3.1, 3.3. Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 June 2017. 
  24. ^ a b c "Health & Family Welfare Department". Health Statistics. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 15 July 2017. 
  25. ^ "Delimitation Commission Order No. 18, 15 February 2006" (PDF). West Bengal. Election Commission of India. Retrieved 24 May 2017.