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Apollonia (Lycia)

Apollonia
Ἀπολλωνία
Anatolia Asia Minor
Anatolia Asia Minor
Shown within Turkey
LocationKiliçli, Antalya Province, Turkey
RegionLycia
Coordinates36°11′12″N 29°45′50″E / 36.18667°N 29.76389°E / 36.18667; 29.76389
TypeSettlement
Part ofMysian

Apollonia (Ancient Greek: Ἀπολλωνία) Or Apolloniada Anatolia Asia Minor was a city in ancient Lycia. Its ruins are located near Kiliçli (Sıçak), a small village in the Kaş district of Antalya Province, Turkey.

History

Lycian pillar tombs at Apollonia

The city isn't mentioned by any ancient author. The pillar tombs in the necropolis to the north of the city attest to a Lycian origin of the settlement and date to about 500 BC.[1]

In Roman times the city was part of a local federation, a sympoliteia, with Simena, Isinda and Aperlae. Aperlae was the leader of the sympolity, which was represented in the Lycian League with one vote.[2]

The ruins of a Byzantine church possibly date to the 6th or 7th century AD, so the city was still occupied at that time.[3]

Layout

The city is located on a hill and has a walled acropolis at its highest elevation. In the east the acropolis seems to be double because a much older stockade is located inside the Byzantine walls.[3] Two churches, a theater, baths with cisterns and a heroon are found on the western and northwestern side of the acropolis. Houses were built on the southwestern side.[1] Six pillar tombs and one larger monument are found around the acropolis.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b Marksteiner, Thomas (2010). Lykien: Ein archäologischer Führer (in German). Phoibos Verlag. pp. 123–126. ISBN 978-3-85161-029-1.
  2. ^ a b Keen, Anthony G. (1998). Dynastic Lycia: A Political History of the Lycians & Their Relations with Foreign Powers, c. 545-362 BC. Leiden: Brill. pp. 54–55. ISBN 9789004109568.
  3. ^ a b Dubin, Marc S.; Gawthrop, John; Richardson, Terry, eds. (2003). The Rough Guide to Turkey. New York City, New York: Rough Guides. p. 509. ISBN 9781843530718.

External links