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Apollo of Cyrene

Apollo of Cyrene
Apollo Kitharoidos BM 1380.jpg
The Apollo of Cyrene on display in the British Museum
MaterialMarble
Size2.29m high
Created2nd Century BC
Present locationBritish Museum, London
Registration1861.7-25.1

The Apollo of Cyrene is a colossal Roman statue of Apollo found at the ancient city of Cyrene, Libya. It was unearthed at the site along with a large number of other ancient sculptures and inscriptions which were presented to the British Museum in 1861.[1][2]

Discovery

This enormous sculpture was discovered in the mid-nineteenth century at the Temple of Apollo at Cyrene in Libya. It was excavated by the British explorers and amateur archaeologists Captain Robert Murdoch Smith and Commander Edwin A. Porcher. The statue was found broken into 121 pieces, lying near the large plinth where it originally stood. The fragments were later reassembled in the British Museum to create a relatively intact statue with only the right arm and left hand missing.

Description

The statue is made from high quality marble and would have originally been painted. The god is shown nude with the exception of a cloak wrapped around his hips. As the god of music, he is shown playing a lyre, with a python nestled below. The statue has a curious mixture of masculine and feminine characteristics, which reflects its Hellenistic origin.

Temple of Apollo

The statue was probably the main cult image in the Temple of Apollo at Cyrene. The deity would have acted as the focal point for worship and ritual activity.

Gallery

References

Further reading

  • L. Burn, The British Museum book of Greek and Roman Art, revised edition (London, The British Museum Press, 1999)
  • P. Higgs, 'The Cyrene Apollo', History Today, 44 (11) (), pp. 50–54