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Anisa

Anisa (Ανίσα[1]) was a town of ancient Cappadocia, inhabited in Hellenistic, Roman, and Byzantine times.[2] A source described Anisa as a politeumata, which was a township for privileged foreigners.[3] Although it did not control any territory outside of its jurisdiction, it enjoyed internal self-government.[3]

Its site is located at Kültepe, Kayseri Province in Asiatic Turkey.[2][4] A second or first century BCE bronze tablet originating from this settlement revealed that Anisa was a prosperous city.[1] It contained the names of officials (e.g. archons, prytaneis, and demiourgos) as well as various institutions (e.g. boule, ecclesia).[1] The tablet, which was said to be stored at the city's temple of Astarte, also commemorated an act by the Cappadocian king Ariarathes granting the citizens of Anisa a new constitution.[5]

References

  1. ^ a b c Atici, Levent; Barjamovic, Gojko; Fairbairn, Andrew; Kulakoglu, Fikri (2014). Current Research at Kultepe-Kanesh: An Interdisciplinary and Integrative Approach to Trade Networks, Internationalism, and Identity. Atlanta, GA: Lockwood Press. p. 58. ISBN 9781937040192.
  2. ^ a b Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 64, and directory notes accompanying.
  3. ^ a b Crook, J.A.; Lintott, Andrew; Rawson (2003). The Cambridge Ancient History, Second Edition. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. p. 268. ISBN 0521256038.
  4. ^ Lund University. Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire.
  5. ^ Barjamovic, Gojko (2011). A Historical Geography of Anatolia in the Old Assyrian Colony Period. Copenhagen: Museum Tusculanum Press. p. 231. ISBN 9788763536455.