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Andrew Hamilton (New Jersey)

Andrew Hamilton
4º Governor of East & West New Jersey
In office
1692–1697
Preceded byEdmund Andros
Succeeded byJeremiah Basse
6th Governor of East & West New Jersey
In office
1699–1703
Preceded byJeremiah Basse
Succeeded byOffice abolished
4th Deputy Governor of East New Jersey
In office
1686–1688
GovernorRobert Barclay
Preceded byLord Neill Campbell
Succeeded byVacant
Deputy Governor of Pennsylvania
In office
1701–1703
GovernorWilliam Penn
Preceded byWilliam Penn
Succeeded byEdward Shippen, President of Council
Personal details
BornScotland
Died20 April 1703
New Jersey
Spouse(s)Marie Chalmers
ChildrenJohn Hamilton
Occupationcolonial administrator and merchant

Andrew Hamilton (died 1703) was the colonial governor of East and West New Jersey from 1692 to 1697 and again from 1699 to 1703. He also served as Deputy Governor of the neighboring Province of Pennsylvania.

Biography

Hamilton was born in Scotland. Originally a merchant in Edinburgh, he was sent to East Jersey to act as an agent to recruit men to settle there. His work brought him a recommendation for becoming a member of the council of New Jersey. In March 1687, he became the deputy-governor for East Jersey on the absence of Deputy-Governor Lord Neill Campbell, who returned to England for business reasons.

After Edmund Andros took control over the rest of New England, Hamilton sailed back to England to consult with the proprietaries of New Jersey. On the voyage, he was captured by the French, delaying his journey to London until May 1690.

In March 1692, Hamilton was appointed governor of both West Jersey and East Jersey. During his governorship, Hamilton found that New Jersey was fraught with external and internal problems. Royal authorities attempted to remove the proprietors from power and create a large colony of New England. New York was demanding help for defense during the war with France. In addition, many of the inhabitants refused to pay the quitrents, fees on land. The Quakers in West Jersey were against providing any money to New York, since they were pacifists. Hamilton and the non-Quaker councilmen managed to acquire the necessary money. Despite this, Hamilton remained on friendly terms with the Quakers, which allowed several successful laws to pass. During his governorship, he patented the first colonial postal service. Parliament later deposed Hamilton because "no other than a natural-born subject of England could serve in any public post of trust or profit" (Hamilton was Scottish).

However, after poor administration by Jeremiah Basse, he was reappointed on 19 August 1699. By then, the state government was already in a weak state, and several riots erupted in the second term as governor over tax issues. Other riots (especially in East Jersey) occurred because many of the settlers refused to recognize the legitimacy of the government. In 1701, he became the deputy-governor of Pennsylvania, appointed by William Penn.

One of the reasons which caused Penn to return to England was the bill before the House of Lords to change proprietorship to Royal Governors. Although this was not approved, after the death of King William III, an act passed requiring Royal assent to persons named as (deputy) governors.[1] Hamilton also made preparations for organizing a defensive force in the province to assuage the group in Parliament who were questioning the fitness of the Quaker led Assembly to help defend the colonies in North America, at this time.[2]

While on a visit to New Jersey, Hamilton died on 20 April 1703.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Armor, William C., Lives of the Governors of Pennsylvania, With the Incidental History of the State, from 1609 to 1872, Philadelphia, J.K. Simon (1873)
  2. ^ Armor 1873

References

External links

  • Wikisource-logo.svg "Hamilton, Andrew (governor)" . Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. 1892.

Government offices
Preceded by
Edmund Andros
Governor of East Jersey
1692–1697
Succeeded by
Jeremiah Basse
Preceded by
Jeremiah Basse
Governor of East Jersey
1699–1702
Succeeded by
none
Preceded by
Edmund Andros
Governor of West Jersey
1692–1697
Succeeded by
Jeremiah Basse
Preceded by
Jeremiah Basse
Governor of West Jersey
1699–1702
Succeeded by
none