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Andargachew Tsege

Andargachew Tsege
አንዳርጋቸው ጽጌ
Born (1955-02-09) February 9, 1955 (age 63)[citation needed]
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia[citation needed]
Nationality Ethiopian British
Alma mater University of Greenwich
Addis Ababa University
Occupation Politician
Political party Ginbot 7
Spouse(s) Yemisrach Hailemariam[1]


Andargachew "Andy" Tsege (Ge'ez: አንዳርጋቸው ጽጌ also known as Andy Tsige[2][3] or Andy Tsege[4]) is a prominent Ethiopian politician who previously served as the secretary-general of Ginbot 7, a political party labeled as a terrorist group by the Ethiopian government. On 23 June 2014, he was abducted by Ethiopian security forces while in transit in Yemen's Sana'a International Airport and was held in an unknown location in Ethiopia.[5] The president of the Law Society and the chair of the Bar Council had urged the UK's Foreign Secretary to work to secure Tsege's release[6]. On May 29th 2018, Andargachew was freed by the Ethiopian government.[7]

Early life

Tsege was born in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia on 9 February 1955.[citation needed] He is one of nine children and grew up in a household that was a sanctuary to the disadvantaged.[citation needed] His mother, a teacher by profession, had great empathy for people in need and was always helping.[citation needed] She was Andargachew's inspiration for his lifelong commitment to fight for social justice.[citation needed] During his high school years in Teferi Mekonnen School and later as an Electrical Engineering student at Addis Ababa University, he became very active in the student movement.[8]

Following the Ethiopian revolution of 1974 when a military dictatorship, Derg, seized power he joined the Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Party (EPRP) and went underground, like most of the Ethiopian youth, in their struggle against the Marxist regime.[citation needed] During the Derg’s Red Terror campaign of 1974, his younger brother Amha Tsege[citation needed] was murdered by the security forces and Andargachew fled Ethiopia.[8] Later, due to an ideological difference in the EPRP party, Tsege crossed into Sudan.[citation needed] In 1979 he was granted asylum in the United Kingdom (UK), where he later gained citizenship.[8]

In the UK he studied philosophy at University of Greenwich in the early 1980s and wrote his dissertation on the German philosopher Immanuel Kant.[citation needed]

Return to Ethiopia

When Derg was overthrown in 1991, Tsege went back to Ethiopia to help the newly formed Ethiopian People's Revolutionary Democratic Front (EPRDF) government led by his former university friend Meles Zenawi.[citation needed] Within two years, he was disillusioned with the ethnicity-oriented politics advocated by EPRDF and left the government.[citation needed] He moved back to London and started writing articles that were critical of the regime and its divisive politics.[9]

The 2005 general election

In 2005, Tsige returned to Ethiopia and published a book in Amharic which loosely translates to "Freedom fighter who does not know freedom", an analysis of the state of Ethiopian politics at the time.[citation needed] Soon, with an invitation from then deputy leader of Coalition for Unity and Democracy (CUD) party Berhanu Nega, he joined the party and helped the party in the ill-fated election of May 2005.[9]

In June 2005, Tsige was imprisoned during the crackdown by the Ethiopian government after the election.[citation needed] After his release, he returned to London, where he was able to campaign against the regime by testifying at different government or international organisations including the US congress and European Union Human Rights committee as well as think tanks such as Chatham House.[citation needed] He became the principal spokesperson for the CUD party in exile and was instrumental in mobilizing the global Ethiopian diaspora for a worldwide campaign to secure the release of the CUD leaders and all prisoners of conscience.[9]

Post 2005 general election

In May 2008, he founded[10] Ginbot 7 Movement for Justice, Freedom and Democracy with Berhanu Nega, one of the exiled leaders of CUD. He was elected as Secretary General of Ginbot 7.[11]

On 22 December 2009, an Ethiopian court sentenced Tsige to death, in absentia, while 33 others were sentenced to life in prison along with four others who were also sentenced in absentia.[12]

On 7 November 2013, Ginbot 7 claimed it foiled an assassination plot that targeted Tsige, secretary of Ginbot 7, as well as commanders and high-ranking officers of Ginbot 7 Popular Force.[13]

On 23 June 2014, he was once again imprisoned by the Ethiopian regime. He was arrested by Yemeni security forces, in collaboration with Ethiopian intelligence service members, at Yemen's Sana'a International Airport while in transit from the United Arab Emirates to Eritrea. He was detained in an unknown location and no official statement was forthcoming from either the Yemeni or Ethiopian governments.[10][11][14][15]

In February 2015, an early day motion was tabled within the UK parliament, recognising Tsige's 60th birthday, and calling for pressure to be applied to the Ethiopian government, in order to secure his release.[16] In October 2016 Tsige's family wrote to ex British Prime Minister Tony Blair to use his "advisory role with the Ethiopian government" to call for Tsige's release. Blair's Tony Blair Africa Governance Initiative has an embedded team of advisors in Ethiopia.[17]

In October 2017, it was reported that both the president of the Law Society and the chair of the Bar Council had urged the UK's Foreign Secretary to work to secure Tsege's release.[6]

On May 19th, 2018, Andargachew was pardoned by the Ethiopian government along with 575 other prisoners.[7] On May 29th, 2018, he was reported to have been released from prison, resulting in celebrations in the city of Addis Ababa.[7]

Personal life

Andargachew is married to British citizen Yemserach Hailemariam (Yemi).[citation needed] They have three children together (Hilawit, Menabe, and Yilak).[citation needed] His family continues to live in London.[citation needed] In 2015 Hilawit was awarded the Christine Jackson Young Person Award by the charity Liberty in recognition of her ongoing battle for the release of her father. Andargachew is a fan of Arsenal FC.[8]

References

  1. ^ Owen Bowcott. "Philip Hammond warns Ethiopia over treatment of Briton on death row | World news". The Guardian. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  2. ^ Cummings, Basia (7 September 2016). "Briton jailed in Ethiopia: court rules Foreign Office does not have to intercede". the Guardian. 
  3. ^ Iaccino, Ludovica (10 August 2016). "Protest crackdown in Ethiopia sparks fears for fate of Ginbot 7 founder Andy Tsege". 
  4. ^ "My activist husband is on death row in Ethiopia. The UK needs to intervene - Yemi Hailemariam - Opinion - The Guardian". 15 August 2016. 
  5. ^ "Yemen 'extradites' Ethiopia opposition leader". Aljazeera. 5 July 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  6. ^ a b Bowcott, Owen (3 October 2017). "Boris Johnson urged to intervene to save Briton on death row in Ethiopia". the Guardian. 
  7. ^ a b c "Ethiopia frees abducted Briton Andargachew Tsege on death row". British Broadcasting Corporation. 29 May 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018. 
  8. ^ a b c d "Andargachew Tsege". Reprieve. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  9. ^ a b c "Profile", Free Andargachew Tsege. 6 July 2014.
  10. ^ a b Iaccino, Ludovica (10 August 2016). "Protest crackdown in Ethiopia sparks fears for fate of Ginbot 7 founder Andy Tsege". International Business Times. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "Ginbot 7's Andargachew Tsege: Ethiopia confirms arrest". BBC News. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  12. ^ "UK security aid may have funded Brit's Ethiopian kidnappers". Reprieve.org.uk. 2014-10-03. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  13. ^ "Assassinating popular leaders will only invigorate the people | Official Site for Ginbot 7 Movement for Justice, Freedom and Democracy". Ginbot7.org. Retrieved 2016-12-25. 
  14. ^ Plaut, Martin (4 July 2014). "UK stands accused over extradition of Ethiopian opposition leader". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  15. ^ "Ethiopia British Man Risk Torture". Amnesty International UK. 13 August 2014. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  16. ^ "Early day motion 776: Andargachew Tsige". Parliament UK. 9 February 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  17. ^ Withnall, Adam (10 August 2016). "Tony Blair urged to intervene in case of British father on Ethiopia's death row". The Independent. Retrieved 29 November 2016. 

External links