|Assembly constituency||Uluberia Uttar, Amta|
|• Total||47.74 sq mi (123.65 km2)|
|Elevation||20 ft (6 m)|
|• Density||4,700/sq mi (1,800/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC+5.30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||WB-11, WB-12, WB-13, WB-14|
|Literacy Rate||81.26 per cent|
Amta is a historical, old, religious and progressive rural city of Howrah District under Uluberia Sub-Division. Kandua Agricultural Land is situated at the east side of Amta-I Block. Damodar river is situated at the west side of Amta-I Block. Pero, Garbhabanipur is situated at the north side of Amta-I Block. Main attraction of Amta-I Block is “Old Bandar” and “Malai Chandi” temple. “Old Bandar” was the oldest port of Howrah District. Amta-I Block is famous for oldest rail way station of martin rail. Basically it is an agriculture base block. It is the gateway of Amta-II & Udaynarayanpur Block of Howrah District.
Balichak, a constituent panchayat of Amta I block, is located at
Amta I CD Block is bounded by Udaynarayanpur CD Block and Jangipara CD Block, in Hooghly district, in the north, Jagatballavpur CD Block in the east, Uluberia II and Bagnan I CD Blocks in the south and Amta II CD Block, in the west.
It is located 35 km from Howrah, the district headquarters.
Amta I City and community development block has an area of 123.65 km2. Amta police station serves this CD Block. Amta I panchayat samity has 13 gram panchayats. The block has 77 inhabited villages. Headquarters of this block is at Amta
Howrah district is located on the west bank of the Hooghly. The Rupnarayan flows on the west and south of the district and the Damodar intersects it. The district consists of a flat alluvial plain.
Rural population is 49.63% of the total population of Howrah district as per 2001 census. Scheduled castes account for 15.41% of the population, scheduled tribes 0.44% and Muslims 24.4% of the population. As the economy is prevalently industrial, majority of the population depends on industries for a living. Only 30% of the population is engaged in cultivation.
|BPL families in CD Blocks|
of Howrah district
|Howrah Sadar subdivision|
|Bally Jagachha – 4.35%|
|Domjur – 7.21%|
|Panchla – 1.82%|
|Sankrail – 5.67%|
|Jagatballavpur – 10.35%|
|Uluberia I – 23.38%|
|Uluberia II – 19.76%|
|Amta I – 16.07%|
|Amta II – 16.38%|
|Udaynarayanpur – 14.12%|
|Bagnan I – 18.87%|
|Bagnan II – 21.18%|
|Shyampur I – 36.51%|
|Shyampur II – 17.85%|
|Source: Rural Household|
As per 2011 Census of India Amta I CD Block had a total population of 223,218, of which 161,193 were rural and 62,025 were urban. There were 114,487 (51%) males and 108,731 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 24,407. Scheduled Castes numbered 66,046 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 337.
As per 2001 census, Amta I block had a total population of 200,147, out of which 102,088 were males and 98,059 were females. Amta II block registered a population growth of 9.39% during the 1991–2001 decade. Decadal growth for Howrah district was 12.76%. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84%. Scheduled castes at 61,689 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 1,413.
Census Towns in Amta I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Kanpur (6,069), Basantapur (13,183), Deora (6,715), Amta (16,699), Chandrapur (6,456), Bhandar Gachha (6,156) and Udang (6,747), Mandaria (4,024), Guzarpur (4,680) and Kumar Chak (4,884).
Large villages in Amta I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Khardaha (5,535), Sonamui (4,155), Purba Gazipur (6,720), Mandaria (4,024), Guzarpur (4,680) and Kumar Chak (4,884).
As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Amta I CD Block was 161,547 (81.26% of the population 6+ years) out of which 87,960 (54%) were males and 73,587 (46%) were females.
As per 2001 census, Amta I block had a total literacy of 74.37% for the six+ age group. While male literacy was 82.82% female literacy was 65.57%. Howrah district had a total literacy of 77.01%, male literacy being 83.22% and female literacy being 70.11%.
|Literacy in CD Blocks of|
|Howrah Sadar subdivision|
|Bally Jagachha – 87.75%|
|Domjur – 81.33%|
|Panchla – 78.98%|
|Sankrail – 83.11%|
|Jagatballavpur – 79.22%|
|Uluberia I – 77.39%|
|Uluberia II – 78.05%|
|Amta I – 81.26%|
|Amta II – 81.47%|
|Udaynarayanpur – 81.05%|
|Bagnan I – 84.09%|
|Bagnan II – 82.57%|
|Shyampur I – 78.96%|
|Shyampur II – 80.49%|
|Source: 2011 Census: CD Block Wise|
Primary Census Abstract Data
Bengali is the local language in these areas.
In 2011 census Hindus numbered 163,046 and formed 73.04% of the population in Amta I CD Block. Muslims numbered 59,990 and formed 26.83% of the population. Others numbered 272 and formed 0.13% of the population.
In 2011, Hindus numbered 3,535,844 and formed 72.90% of the population in Howrah district. Muslims numbered 1,270,641 and formed 26.20% of the population. In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.
Prior to 2003–04, Amta I CD Block had 285 hectares of vested land, out of which 93 hectares were distributed amongst 1,594 persons. In Amta I CD Block more than one crop was grown in 5,421 hectares. Net area sown in the block was 8,605 hectares. Amta I had 4,200 hectares of canals for irrigation. In Amta I CD Block 80 mouzas were electrified up to March 2004.
Amta is now served by a broad gauge line but earlier it was served by the 45-km Howrah-Amta narrow-gauge route of the Martin's Light Railways, a private rail service established in 1892. The rail company was shut down in 1971. Amta is 52.06 kilometres (32.35 mi) from Howrah Station. Amta is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway railway system.
SBSTC Bus Route
In 2003–04, Amta I CD Block had 133 primary schools with 19,646 students, three middle schools with 1,173 students, 20 high schools with 10,502 students and seven higher secondary schools with 6,300 students. Amta I CD Block had two colleges with 2,239 students. Amta I CD Block had 203 institutions with 25,777 students for special and non-formal education. It had two mass literacy centres.
Amta I block is having a good number of libraries including the Amta Public Library, which stands as a sub-divisional library.
Amta city had four health centres, two clinic and two dispensaries with 47 beds and eight doctors in 2003. It had 32 family welfare centres.