This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

Amta I

Amta I
Historical City
Amta I is located in West Bengal
Amta I
Amta I
Location in West Bengal
Coordinates: 22°37′00″N 88°01′47″E / 22.61667°N 88.02972°E / 22.61667; 88.02972
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictHowrah
Parliamentary constituencyUluberia
Assembly constituencyUluberia Uttar, Amta
Area
 • Total47.74 sq mi (123.65 km2)
Elevation
20 ft (6 m)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total223,218
 • Density4,700/sq mi (1,800/km2)
Time zoneUTC+5.30 (IST)
PIN
711401 (Amta)
Area code(s)03214
Vehicle registrationWB-11, WB-12, WB-13, WB-14
Literacy Rate81.26 per cent
Website[howrah.gov.in]

Amta I is a city and community development block that forms an administrative division in Uluberia subdivision of Howrah district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

About Amta

Amta is a historical, old, religious and progressive rural city of Howrah District under Uluberia Sub-Division. Kandua Agricultural Land is situated at the east side of Amta-I Block. Damodar river is situated at the west side of Amta-I Block. Pero, Garbhabanipur is situated at the north side of Amta-I Block. Main attraction of Amta-I Block is “Old Bandar” and “Malai Chandi” temple. “Old Bandar” was the oldest port of Howrah District. Amta-I Block is famous for oldest rail way station of martin rail. Basically it is an agriculture base block. It is the gateway of Amta-II & Udaynarayanpur Block of Howrah District.

Geography

Location

Balichak, a constituent panchayat of Amta I block, is located at 22°37′00″N 88°01′47″E / 22.616597°N 88.029618°E / 22.616597; 88.029618

Amta I CD Block is bounded by Udaynarayanpur CD Block and Jangipara CD Block, in Hooghly district, in the north, Jagatballavpur CD Block in the east, Uluberia II and Bagnan I CD Blocks in the south and Amta II CD Block, in the west.

It is located 35 km from Howrah, the district headquarters.

Area and administration

Amta I City and community development block has an area of 123.65  km2.[1] Amta police station serves this CD Block. Amta I panchayat samity has 13 gram panchayats. The block has 77 inhabited villages.[2] Headquarters of this block is at Amta

Topography

Howrah district is located on the west bank of the Hooghly. The Rupnarayan flows on the west and south of the district and the Damodar intersects it. The district consists of a flat alluvial plain.[3]

Gram panchayats

Gram panchayats of Amta I block/panchayat samiti are: Amta, Bhandargachha, Khosalpur, Udang-II, Anulia, Chandrapur, Raspur, Balichak, Kanpur, Sirajbati, Basantapur, Khardah and Udang-I[4]

Demographics

Overview

Rural population is 49.63% of the total population of Howrah district as per 2001 census. Scheduled castes account for 15.41% of the population, scheduled tribes 0.44% and Muslims 24.4% of the population. As the economy is prevalently industrial, majority of the population depends on industries for a living. Only 30% of the population is engaged in cultivation.[5]


Population

As per 2011 Census of India Amta I CD Block had a total population of 223,218, of which 161,193 were rural and 62,025 were urban. There were 114,487 (51%) males and 108,731 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 24,407. Scheduled Castes numbered 66,046 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 337.[6]

As per 2001 census, Amta I block had a total population of 200,147, out of which 102,088 were males and 98,059 were females. Amta II block registered a population growth of 9.39% during the 1991–2001 decade. Decadal growth for Howrah district was 12.76%. Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84%. Scheduled castes at 61,689 formed around one-third the population. Scheduled tribes numbered 1,413.[1][7]

Census towns and large villages

Census Towns in Amta I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Kanpur (6,069), Basantapur (13,183), Deora (6,715), Amta (16,699), Chandrapur (6,456), Bhandar Gachha (6,156) and Udang (6,747), Mandaria (4,024), Guzarpur (4,680) and Kumar Chak (4,884).[6]

Large villages in Amta I CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Khardaha (5,535), Sonamui (4,155), Purba Gazipur (6,720), Mandaria (4,024), Guzarpur (4,680) and Kumar Chak (4,884).[6]

Literacy

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Amta I CD Block was 161,547 (81.26% of the population 6+ years) out of which 87,960 (54%) were males and 73,587 (46%) were females.[6]

As per 2011 census, literacy in Howrah district was 78.66%.[8] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[9] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[9]

As per 2001 census, Amta I block had a total literacy of 74.37% for the six+ age group. While male literacy was 82.82% female literacy was 65.57%. Howrah district had a total literacy of 77.01%, male literacy being 83.22% and female literacy being 70.11%.[2]


Language

Bengali is the local language in these areas.

Religion

Religion in Amta I CD Block
Hindu
73.04%
Muslim
26.83%
Others
0.13%

In 2011 census Hindus numbered 163,046 and formed 73.04% of the population in Amta I CD Block. Muslims numbered 59,990 and formed 26.83% of the population. Others numbered 272 and formed 0.13% of the population.[10]

In 2011, Hindus numbered 3,535,844 and formed 72.90% of the population in Howrah district. Muslims numbered 1,270,641 and formed 26.20% of the population. In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[10]

Economy

Infrastructure

Prior to 2003–04, Amta I CD Block had 285 hectares of vested land, out of which 93 hectares were distributed amongst 1,594 persons. In Amta I CD Block more than one crop was grown in 5,421 hectares. Net area sown in the block was 8,605 hectares. Amta I had 4,200 hectares of canals for irrigation. In Amta I CD Block 80 mouzas were electrified up to March 2004.[2]

Transport

Amta is now served by a broad gauge line but earlier it was served by the 45-km Howrah-Amta narrow-gauge route of the Martin's Light Railways, a private rail service established in 1892. The rail company was shut down in 1971.[11][12] Amta is 52.06 kilometres (32.35 mi) from Howrah Station. Amta is part of the Kolkata Suburban Railway railway system.

Local train

  • Amta-Howrah Local 10 Trains in a day

Private Bus Routes

STA Bus Routes

CTC Bus Routes

SBSTC Bus Route

  • E31 Esplanade -Amta- Garh Bhawanipur

Bus Routes without Numbers

Communication

Jagatballavpur area exchange with code 3214 serves: Ajodhya, Amta, Bagnan, Bakshirhat, Chitrasenpur, Gangadharpur, Jagatballavpur, Kalyanpur, Kanpur-Pinas, Panchla, Shyampur, and Udaynarayanpur.[13]

Places of interest

  • Ma Melai Chandi Mandir. It is located near Amta Bazaar.
  • Betai Chandi Mandir. It is also located nearby in Betai.
  • Penro Village (also often resembled with Old Pandua)
  • Shiv Daha, Dadkhali Daha, Dhopa Daha on the Amta - Khosalpur - Penro Road.
  • Panchananer Mela (পঞ্চানন-এর মেলা) on the Amta - Penro Road at Kotalpara (held during mid-January (পৌষ-সংক্রান্তি).
  • Vishalakshi (বিশালাক্ষী পূজা) Puja in Kurit Village
  • Falaharini Kali puja (ফলহারিণী কালী) in Bagua Village
  • Ruins of the brick-made Fort of Rani Bhabani beside RGBC Institution in Harishpur Village on Amta- Penro Road.
  • Old route for trade and communication to Amta through Someswar - Putkhali - Chaltakhali, arrayed with ancient trees
  • Marsh of Jagannathpur (মানুষ-মারির দহ)

Education

In 2003–04, Amta I CD Block had 133 primary schools with 19,646 students, three middle schools with 1,173 students, 20 high schools with 10,502 students and seven higher secondary schools with 6,300 students. Amta I CD Block had two colleges with 2,239 students. Amta I CD Block had 203 institutions with 25,777 students for special and non-formal education. It had two mass literacy centres.[2]

Amta I block is having a good number of libraries including the Amta Public Library, which stands as a sub-divisional library.

Healthcare

Amta city had four health centres, two clinic and two dispensaries with 47 beds and eight doctors in 2003. It had 32 family welfare centres.[2]

BPHC

  • 1 Amta Gramin Hospital

PHSC

  • 1 Ranpara Primary Hospital
  • 2 Rashpur
  • 3 Khosalpur
  • 4 Mato

References

  1. ^ a b "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001 – Howrah district. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 28, 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  2. ^ a b c d e "District Statistical Handbook – 2004 – Howrah" (PDF). Tables 2.1, 2.2, 2.4 (b), 3.1, 4.4, 4.5, 8.2,18.1, 18.3, 21.1. Bureau of Applied Economics and Statistics, Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original (PDF) on 20 September 2016. Retrieved 3 April 2016.
  3. ^ "Brief Industrial Profile of Howrah District, West Bengal" (PDF). Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises, Government of India. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  4. ^ "Directory of District, Subdivision, Panchayat Samiti/ Block and Gram Panchayats in West Bengal". Howrah – Revised in March 2008. Panchayats and Rural Development Department, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 4 May 2016.
  5. ^ "Minority Concentration District Project – Haorah, West Bengal" (PDF). Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2016.
  6. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". 2011 census: West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20.
  8. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 1 May 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016.
  10. ^ a b "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 3 May 2016.
  11. ^ "Next weekend you can be at ... Antpur". The Telegraph, 24 July 2005. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
  12. ^ "Howrah-Amta BG line section inaugurated". The Hindu Business Line, 24 July 2000. Retrieved 2009-01-19.
  13. ^ "Adjacent Area Dialling Schemes". BSNL. Archived from the original on 2011-07-21. Retrieved 2009-01-29.