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Amreli district

Amreli district
District
Amreli District location in Gujarat, India.
Amreli District location in Gujarat, India.
Coordinates: 21°25′N 71°15′E / 21.417°N 71.250°E / 21.417; 71.250
Country India
StateGujarat
RegionSaurashtra
HeadquartersAmreli
Government
 • District CollectorAayush Oak
 • District Development OfficerYogesh Nirgude
Area
 • Total7,397 km2 (2,856 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[1]
 • Total1,514,190
 • Rank19 of 26 in Gujarat
 • Density200/km2 (530/sq mi)
 • Summer (DST)IST (UTC+05:30)
Websitegujaratindia.com

Amreli district is one of the 33 administrative districts of the state of Gujarat in western India. The district headquarters are located at Amreli. The district occupies an area of 6,760 km² and has a population of 1,514,190 of which 22.45% were urban (as of 2011). From Amreli district maximum number of NRI in USA from Saurashtra. Amreli is land of Yogiji Maharaj, Danbapu, Sage Muldas, Sage Bhojalrambapa, Sage Muktanand Swami, Magician K.Lal, Zaverchand Megahani's place (Bagasara), Dr. Jivaraj Mehata etc. Amreli covers Gir National forest sanctuary area. Now it is developing as a Hub of Education.[2]

Origin of name

Amreli district name derives its name from the town of Amreli, which is the headquarters of the district. It is believed that during the year 534 AD, Amreli existed as a city place with name Anumanji. After that the name was Amlik and then Amravati. The ancient Sanskrit name of Amreli was Amarvalli.

== Histor

Initially, Amreli was a small village with an ancient history, and part of various kingdoms and empires established in the area. It shot into prominence, turning from village to town, when the Marathas began acquiring territory and establishing their reign over the region in 1780s. Besides levying taxes on the other rulers of the Kathiawar Peninsula, the Gaekwads also acquired their own territory and chose Amreli as the headquarters for their "Kathewad Pranth", which included Dwarka mandal. Vithalrao Devaji was appointed the Diwan (1801–1820), and during this period, Amreli grew and prospered. Vithalrao Devaji converted much of the adjoining forest land into farm land to realise revenue and also built the Nagnath Mahadev temple. Later in 1886, under the Gaikwad regime, compulsory and free education policy was adopted in Amreli for the first time. From 18th century to 1959, Dwarika and Okhamandal was part of Gaikwad - Amreli state but after 1959, those two cities were merged with Jamnagar district.

During the British raj, the Maratha Gaekwad dynasty organised its Baroda State into four administrative prants (equivalent to British Districts), namely Baroda itself, Kadi (the largest), Navsari and Amreli, the smallest.

After independence the district became the part of Bombay State and a separate district in Gujarat State after the bifurcation of Bombay State.

Geography

Amreli has variety of lands like Medium black, loamy, sandy, rocky inferior and saline.


Economy

Amreli district is industrially backward area. There are some small industries like oil mills spread over the district.

The economy depends upon agriculture. Agro-based industries are also well developed in the district. Mainly groundnut, cotton, sesame, bajri, wheat, and grams are grown therein. Fishery is an important sector in Rajula and Jafrabad talukas.

The district has 4 industrial estates under the GIDC (Gujarat Industrial Development Centres), two of which are in Babra. District has 4822 Small Scale Industries and 5 Medium Scale Industries in which Rs.4947.35 lakh is invested. 16,640 employments are generated through this industrial centres. Pipavav, Jafrabad and Victor ports are situated in the coastal district.

Gems

Gem cutting and polishing industries are located in Babra, while Savar Kundla taluka is famous for its weighing machines for diamonds across the country. Gold plating units in Bagasara city. The diamond trading industry is also well developed.

Mining

Rajula is famous for rajula stones which are famous worldwide.

Ginning

Babra, Gujarat|Babra]] is famous for Ginning industry with more than 50 ginning and pressing factories.

Divisions

The district comprises 11 talukas.

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901339,702—    
1911365,575+0.74%
1921363,009−0.07%
1931415,110+1.35%
1941501,270+1.90%
1951576,272+1.40%
1961716,720+2.21%
1971900,824+2.31%
19811,138,394+2.37%
19911,308,867+1.41%
20011,393,918+0.63%
20111,514,190+0.83%
source:[3]

According to the 2011 census Amreli district has a population of 1,514,190,[4] roughly equal to the nation of Gabon[5] or the US state of Hawaii.[6] This gives it a ranking of 329th in India (out of a total of 640).[4]

The district has a population density of 205 inhabitants per square kilometre (530/sq mi) .[4] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 8.59%.[4] Amreli has a sex ratio of 964 females for every 1000 males,[4] and a literacy rate of 74.49%.[4]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 99.01% of the population in the district spoke Gujarati and 0.66% Hindi as their first language.[7]

Culture

The most popular temples in the city of Amreli are Nagnath Temple, Gayatri Temple and Shreenathji Haveli. The other tourist places in Amreli district are Tulshishyam, Una, Sarkeshvar Mahadev, Balana(Jafarabad), Delvada, Holi-Dharin Nana Visavadar, Vakuni-Dhar, Hanuman Gada, Satadhar,[8] Galadhara-Khodiyar Temple and Khodiyar dam and Kankai.

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "List of districts of Gujarat". www.census2011.co.in.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-03. Retrieved 2009-08-27.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901
  4. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  5. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Gabon 1,576,665
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-10-19. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Hawaii 1,360,301
  7. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  8. ^ "Satadhar :: Official Website of Shree Satadhar Temple | Shree Aapagiga Ni Jagya, Satadhar, Suarashtra, Gujarat, India". www.satadhar.com.

External links