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Amputee football

Amputee football
ZaryenGamePhoto.jpg
Highest governing bodyWorld Amputee Football Federation
Characteristics
ContactContact
Team members7
Mixed genderSingle
TypeOutdoor (mainly)
2017 European Amputee Football Championship final match between Turkey (red/black) and England. (blue).

Amputee football is a disabled sport played with seven players on each team (six outfield players and one goalkeeper). Outfield players have lower extremity amputations, and goalkeepers have an upper extremity amputation. Outfield players use loftstrand (forearm) crutches, and play without their prosthesis.

Around the world

There are several amputee football associations around the world. A couple examples of this are the England Amputee Association and The Irish Amputee Football Association.[1] Each organization promotes the advancement of the sport and that it gains more recognition. The England Amputee Football Association states their main goal on their website as: "The England Amputee Football Association's aim is to provide all amputees, people with congenital limb deficiencies and persons with restricted use of limbs, with the opportunity to play football locally, nationally and internationally."[2]

Amputee Football World Cup

Former name : Amputee Football World Championships (from first to 2003)

Number Year Host City Teams Gold Silver Bronze 4th Place
1 1984 United States Seattle, United States
2 1988 United States Seattle, United States  El Salvador  USA  ENG
3 1989 United States Seattle, United States
4 1991 Uzbekistan Tashkent, Uzbekistan
5 1998 England Manchester, England  RUS  UZB  BRA
6 2000 United States Seattle, United States  BRA  RUS  UKR
7 2001 Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil  BRA  RUS  ENG
8 2002 Russia Sochi, Russia  RUS  BRA  UZB
9 2003 Uzbekistan Tashkent, Uzbekistan 4  RUS  UKR  BRA  UZB
10 2005 Brazil Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 6  BRA  RUS  ENG  UKR
11 2007 Turkey Antalya, Turkey 10  UZB  RUS Turkey TUR ?
12 2010 Argentina Crespo, Argentina  UZB  ARG Turkey TUR  RUS
13 2012 Russia Kaliningrad, Russia 12  UZB  RUS Turkey TUR  ARG
14 2014 Mexico Culiacán, Mexico 23  RUS  ANG Turkey TUR  POL
15 2018 Mexico San Juan de los Lagos, Mexico  ANG Turkey TUR  BRA  MEX

Other Championships

Year Event Host Date Gold Silver Bronze
1999 1st Open European Championships  UKR Kiev  BRA  RUS  UZB
2006 Volgograd Open Championships  RUS Volgograd Sep 24 – 30  RUS  ENG  UZB
2007 1st All-Africa Amputee Soccer Tournament  SLE Freetown Feb  GHA  LIB  SLE
2008 European Amputee Football Championship  TUR Istanbul Oct 2–10  RUS Turkey TUR  ENG
2017 6th Amp Futbol Cup  POL Warsaw Jun 24–25  ENG  POL  JPN
2017 European Amputee Football Championship  TUR Istanbul Oct 1–10 Turkey TUR  ENG  POL

Rules

The official FIFA sanctioned rules are:[3]

  • An amputee is defined as someone who is 'abbreviated' at or near the ankle or wrist.
  • Outfield players may have two hands but only one leg, whereas goalkeepers may have two feet but only one hand.
  • The game is played with metal crutches and without prostheses, the only exception being that bi-lateral amputees may play with a prosthesis.
  • Players may not use crutches to advance, control or block the ball. Such an action will be penalised in the same way as a handball infringement. However, incidental contact between crutch and ball is tolerated.
  • Players may not use their residual limbs to voluntarily advance, control or block the ball. Such an action will be penalised in the same way as a handball infringement. However, incidental contact between residual limb and ball is tolerated.
  • Shin pads must be worn.
  • Use of a crutch against a player will lead to ejection from the game and a penalty kick for the opposing team.
  • The pitch measures a maximum of 70 x 60 metres
  • The dimensions of the goals are 2.2 metres maximum (height) x 5 metres maximum (width) x 1 metre (depth)
  • A FIFA standard ball is used
  • Games consist of two 25-minute halves (variable according to the tournament), with a ten-minute rest period in between
  • Both teams are allowed a two-minute time-out per game
  • Offside rules do not apply in amputee football
  • International rules stipulate that a team be made up of six outfield players and a goalkeeper. However, certain tournaments require teams of four outfield players plus goalkeeper, as was the case in Sierra Leone.
  • A goalkeeper is not permitted to leave his or her area. Should this occur deliberately, the goalkeeper will be ejected from the game and the opposing team awarded a penalty kick.
  • An unlimited number of substitutions can be made, at any point during the game.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Home". Irish Amputee Football Association. 2015-12-07. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  2. ^ "Home". Theeafa.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-02-18.
  3. ^ "Amputee football – The Rules of the Game". FIFA.com. 2016-02-04. Retrieved 2016-02-18.

External links