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Amkula

Amkula
Census Town
Amkula is located in West Bengal
Amkula
Amkula
Location in West Bengal, India
Amkula is located in India
Amkula
Amkula
Amkula (India)
Coordinates: 23°36′56″N 87°04′43″E / 23.615439°N 87.078502°E / 23.615439; 87.078502
Country India
StateWest Bengal
DistrictPaschim Bardhaman
Population
 (2011)
 • Total5,445
Languages
 • OfficialBengali, English
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Vehicle registrationWB
Websitebardhaman.gov.in

Amkula is a census town in Raniganj CD Block in Asansol Sadar subdivision of Paschim Bardhaman district in the state of West Bengal, India.

Etymology

The word Amkula derives its origin from two Bengali words – am (mango) and kula (banana).

Geography

Cities and towns in the eastern portion of Asansol Sadar subdivision in Paschim Bardhaman district
MC: Municipal Corporation, CT: census town, N: neighbourhood, R: rural centre
Owing to space constraints in the small map, the actual locations in a larger map may vary slightly

Location

Amkula is located at 23°36′56″N 87°04′43″E / 23.615439°N 87.078502°E / 23.615439; 87.078502.

This neighborhood in Asansol is situated on the bank of river Nunia, a tributary of Damodar River. A small plateau stream locally known as Nallah joins river Nunia near Amkola. Basically the neighborhood lies in a low land valley, whose two sides are surrounded by water bodies, and on another side stands a low altitude plateau. Crossing the river Nunia one can enjoy the ber, the fruit of a bushy plant.

Asansol is composed of undulating laterite region. It lies between two large rivers – the Damodar and the Ajay. They flow almost parallel to each other in the region – the average distance between the two rivers is around 30 km. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal in the 18th century led to industrialization of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[1] Today all the neighboring jungles across the river are being deforested by brick-chimney contractors.

Jemari (J.K. Nagar Township), Belebathan, Murgathaul, Amkula, Egara, Sahebganj, Raghunathchak and Ballavpur form a cluster of census towns on the western and southern side of Raniganj. Banshra and Baktarnagar are adjacent to Raniganj on the eastern side.[2]

Urbanisation

As per the 2011 census, 83.33% of the population of Asansol Sadar subdivision was urban and 16.67% was rural.[3] In 2015, the municipal areas of Kulti, Raniganj and Jamuria were included within the jurisdiction of Asansol Municipal Corporation.[4] Asansol Sadar subdivision has 26 (+1 partly) Census Towns.(partly presented in the map alongside; all places marked on the map are linked in the full-screen map).

Demographics

As per 2011 Census of India Amkula had a total population of 5,445 of which 2,928 (54%) were males and 2,517 (46%) were females. Population below 6 years was 793. The total number of literates in Amkula was 3,239 (69.63% of the population over 6 years).[5]

As per the 2011 census, the urban agglomeration (UA) centred upon Asansol had a population of 1,243,414. In addition to the erstwhile municipalities of Kulti, Jamuria, and Raniganj subsequently incorporated into the Asansol Municipal Corporation, the agglomeration included the census towns of Amkula, Baktarnagar, Ballavpur, Bhanowara, Domohani, Egara, Jemari (J.K. Nagar Township), Majiara, Murgathaul, Raghunathchak, Sahebganj and Topsi, and also Charanpur, an outgrowth of Jamuria.[6][4]

As of 2001 India census,[7] Amkula had a population of 5,936. Males constitute 59% of the population and females 41%. Amkula has an average literacy rate of 58%, lower than the national average of 59.5%; with 67% of the males and 33% of females literate. 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Majority of the people are Hindi speaking. Though Bengalis are in significant number and have high living standard.

Economy

It is a coal mining town linked with Eastern Coalfields Ltd., a subsidiary of Coal India Limited.[8] Amkula and the nearby Nimcha collieries are under Satgram area of Eastern Coalfields Ltd. But the economy is plagiarized due to the evil of money lenders and Marwari Seths. They charge high rates of interest on lending which consume a major part of coal miners earning in the town.

As per ECL website telephone numbers, operational collieries in the Satgram Area of Eastern Coalfields in 2018 are: Chapui Khas Colliery, JK Nagar Project, Jemehari Colliery, Kalidaspur Project, Kuardi Colliery, Nimcha Colliery, Pure Searsole Colliery, Ratibati Colliery, Satgram Project and Satgram Incline.[9]

Transport

There are several minibus routes from and via Amkula – (i) Amkula to Asansol via Jemari (J.K. Nagar Township), Nimcha, (ii) Amkula to Bahula more via Raniganj, Mangalpur, (iii) Amkula to Amritnagar via Jemari (J.K. Nagar Township), Nimcha, (iv) Amkula to Birkulti via Amrit Nagar, Ranisagar, Jamuria.[10]

Education

Amkula has one primary school.[11]

Amkola has a unique variation in education level. For further studies students have to go to nearby city of Raniganj. Although Amkola has some way to go to achieve full literacy, many families of the town have attained respectable landmark in education. Members of such families are studying in universities like A.M.U, Aligarh, B.H.U, Banaras, University of Allahabad, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, Patna University, University of Calcutta etc. Even some of them are employed in America and other foreign countries on the basis of their higher level of education and skill.

References

  1. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (in Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  2. ^ "Census of India 2011, West Bengal: District Census Handbook, Barddhaman" (PDF). Map of Raniganj CD Block, page 215. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 31 August 2018.
  3. ^ "District Statistical Handbook 2014 Burdwan". Table 2.2, 2.4(a). Department of Statistics and Programme Implementation, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  4. ^ a b "The Kolkata Gazette" (PDF). Notification No. 335/MA/O/C-4/1M-36/2014 dated 3 June 2015. Department of Municipal Affairs, Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
  5. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  6. ^ "Constituents of Urban Agglomerations having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Total, Census of India 2011. Government of India. Retrieved 27 August 2018.
  7. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008.
  8. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 366.
  9. ^ "Area wise Closed User Group (CUG) Telephone Numbers" (PDF). Sripur Area. Eastern Coalfields Limited. Retrieved 11 August 2018.
  10. ^ Minbus Permit Register Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ 7th All-India School Education Survey Archived 2007-09-27 at the Wayback Machine