3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||56.068 g·mol−1|
|Boiling point||15 °C (59 °F; 288 K) at 15 mm/Hg|
|Acidity (pKa)||5.34 (conjugate acid; H2O)|
|GHS signal word||WARNING|
|H302, H312, H332, H351|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
|what is ?)(|
Aminoacetonitrile is the organic compound with the formula NCCH2NH2. The compound is a colorless liquid. It is unstable at room temperature, owing to the incompatibility of the amine nucleophile and the nitrile electrophile. For this reason it is usually encountered as the chloride and bisulfate salts of the ammonium derivative, i.e., [NCCH2NH3]+Cl- and [NCCH2NH3]+HSO4-.
Industrially aminoacetonitrile is produced from glycolonitrile by reaction with ammonia:
Aminoacetonitrile derivatives are useful antihelmintics. They act as nematode specific ACh agonists causing a spastic paralysis and rapid expulsion from the host.
Using radio astronomy, aminoacetonitrile was discovered in the Large Molecule Heimat, a giant gas cloud near the galactic center in the constellation Sagittarius. This discovery is significant to the debate on whether glycine exists widely in the universe.