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Alirajpur district

Alirajpur district
Location of Alirajpur district in Madhya Pradesh
Location of Alirajpur district in Madhya Pradesh
CountryIndia
StateMadhya Pradesh
DivisionIndore
HeadquartersAlirajpur
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesRatlam
 • Vidhan Sabha constituencies1. Alirajpur, 2. Jobat
Area
 • Total3,182 km2 (1,229 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total728,999
 • Density230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy37.22 per cent
 • Sex ratio1009
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
Website[alirajpur.nic.in]

Alirajpur is one of the 52 districts of Madhya Pradesh state in India. It was created from Alirajpur, Jobat and Bhabra tehsils of the former Jhabua district on 17 May 2008. It is the least literate district in India as per Census 2011. Alirajpur is the administrative headquarters of the district. The district occupies an area of 2,165.24 square kilometres (836.00 sq mi), and at the 2011 census had a population of 728,999.

Origin of name

The district is named after its headquarters, Alirajpur, which was the capital of the former princely state of Ali Rajpur. The name of this town is derived by conjoining Ali (the fortress town and the former capital of the princely state founded by Anand Deo in 1437) and Rajpur (the latter capital).[1] According to the 2011 census Alirajpur district has a population of 728,677,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Bhutan or the US state of Alaska.[3][4]This gives it a ranking of 498th in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 229 inhabitants per square kilometre (590/sq mi).[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 19.4 per cent.[5] Alirajpur has a sex ratio of 1,009 females for every 1,000 males, and a literacy rate of 37.22 per cent, the lowest in India.[3][5]

History

Before the Indian independence in 1947, the Alirajpur State was under Bhopawar Agency sub-division of the Central India Agency. This principality was founded in 1437 and merged with the Indian Union after the Indian independence. The territory occupied by the present district became part of Madhya Bharat state in 1948 and subsequently became part of the re-organized Madhya Pradesh state on 1 November 1956.

Divisions

This district comprises three tehsils: Alirajpur, Jobat and Bhabra.

Presently, there are two Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha constituencies in this district: Alirajpur and Jobat.[5] Both of these are part of Ratlam Lok Sabha constituency.

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Alirajpur district has a population of 728,999,[2] roughly equal to the nation of Bhutan or the US state of Alaska.[4][6] This gives it a ranking of 498th in India (out of a total of 640).[2] The district has a population density of 229 inhabitants per square kilometre (590/sq mi).[2] Its population growth rate[failed verification] over the decade 2001–2011 was 19.4 per cent.[2] Alirajpur has a sex ratio of 1,009 females for every 1,000 males, and a literacy rate of 37.22 per cent, the lowest in India.[2][3]

At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 89.96% of the population in the district spoke Bhili, 7.90% Hindi and 1.87% Gujarati as their first language.[7]

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
190170,763—    
191198,753+3.39%
1921114,538+1.49%
1931133,892+1.57%
1941157,188+1.62%
1951175,255+1.09%
1961228,765+2.70%
1971293,125+2.51%
1981347,730+1.72%
1991483,481+3.35%
2001610,275+2.36%
2011728,999+1.79%
source:[8]

Transport

Railway

On 30 October 2019 New Railway line was inaugurated between Alirajpur to Pratapnagar of Vadodara.

References

  1. ^ "Ali Rajpur". Imperial Gazetteer of India, vol. 5, p. 223.
  2. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b c Dhar, Aarti (31 March 2011). "Significant boost in literacy: 2011 census". The Hindu. New Delhi. Retrieved 1 April 2011.
  4. ^ a b US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Bhutan 708,427
  5. ^ a b c d e "District/Assembly List". Chief Electoral Officer, Madhya Pradesh website. Archived from the original on 1 December 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2010.
  6. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Alaska 710,231
  7. ^ 2011 Census of India, Population By Mother Tongue
  8. ^ Decadal Variation In Population Since 1901

External links