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|Indian Railway Junction Station|
Alipurduar Junction Railway Station
|Location||BF Road, Alipurduar, West Bengal|
|Elevation||53 metres (174 ft)|
|Owned by||Indian Railway|
|Operated by||Northeast Frontier Railway|
|Line(s)||New Jalpaiguri-Alipurduar-Samuktala Road line, Alipurduar-Bamanhat branch line|
|Structure type||At ground|
|Zone(s)||North East Frontier Railway|
|Division(s)||Alipurduar railway division|
|Previous names||Cooch Behar State Railway|
Alipurduar Junction is one of the four railway stations that serve Alipurduar city in Alipurduar district in north Bengal in the Indian state of West Bengal. Its station code is APDJ. An adjacent railway junction is New Alipurduar Junction (station code NOQ).
The Cooch Behar State Railway built a 2 ft 6 in (762 mm) narrow gauge railway from Geetaldaha on the Eastern Bengal Railway to Jainti in 1901. The line passed through Alipuduar. It was converted to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge in 1910.
With the partition of India in 1947, railway links of Assam and the Indian part of North Bengal, earlier passing through the eastern part of Bengal, were completely cut off from the rest of India. The Assam Rail Link project was taken up on 26 January 1948 to construct a 229-kilometre long (142 mi) 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) metre gauge railway line linking Fakiragram with Kishanganj in Bihar via Alipurduar. The first train ran on the route on 26 January 1950. The route was converted to 1,676 mm (5 ft 6 in) broad gauge in 2003-2006.
Now all the railway tracks in Alipurduar city are broad gauge.
Two adjacent local railway stations are Alipurduar (station code APD) and Alipurduar Court (station code APDC). Long-distance trains do not stop there.
Most of the long distance trains from other parts of India pass through and stop at New Alipurdur railway junction (station code NOQ) constructed in early 1950s as it is connected with double track to Assam and the rest of Bengal. The older Alipurduar station was on metre gauge track that was converted to broad gauge much later in 2006 and fewer trains pass through Alipurduar station.
The two junctions are on different lines and only one short-distance train Alipurduar-Kamakhya InterCity Express (train number 15471) runs between the two junctions.