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Ali Illahism (Persian: علیاللّهی) is a syncretic religion which has been practiced in parts of Iranian Luristan which combines elements of Shia Islam with older religions. It centers on the belief that there have been successive incarnations of the Deity throughout history, and Ali Ilahees reserve particular reverence for Ali, the son-in-law of the Islamic prophet Muhammad, who is considered one such incarnation. Various rites have been attributed as Ali Ilahian, similarly to the Yezidis, Ansaris, and all sects whose doctrine is unknown to the surrounding Muslim and Christian population. Observers have described it as an agglomeration of the customs and rites of several earlier religions, including Zoroastrianism, historically because travelogues were "evident that there is no definite code which can be described as Ali Illahism".
The Dabestan-e Mazaheb (a Persian book of the 17th century about the South Asian religions) presents the Ali Illahians as a sect that respected Muhammad and Ali and discarded the Quran as it was compiled under Umar. They avoided killing any animals and believed that the rules allowing the killing of some animals are created by Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman ibn Affan and their followers.