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Albanian iso-polyphony

Albanian folk iso-polyphony
A traditional male folk group from Skrapar.JPG
A traditional male group performing
Country Albania
Reference 155
Region Europe and North America
Inscription history
Inscription 2008 (3rd session)

Albanian iso-polyphony is a traditional part of Albanian folk music and, as such, is included in UNESCO's intangible cultural heritage list.[1]

All four regions of Albania, Lalëria (Myzeqe), Toskëria, Çamëria, and Labëria, have the polyphonic song as part of their culture. A related form of polyphonic singing is found in northern Albania:, in the area of Peshkopi; Kaçanik in Kosovo; Polog, Tetovo, Kičevo and Gostivar in Macedonia; and Malësia in northern Albania and southern Montenegro.[2]

Labëria is particular well-known for multipart singing; songs can have two, three, or four parts. Two-part songs are sung only by women. Three-part songs can be sung by men and women. Four part songs are a Labërian specialty. Research has shown that four-part songs developed after three part ones, and that they are the most complex form of polyphonic singing.[3]

The Gjirokastër National Folklore Festival, Albania, (Albanian: Festivali Folklorik Kombëtar), has been held every five years in the month of October since 1968, and it has typically includes many polyphonic songs.[4]

See also


  1. ^ "UNESCO Culture Sector - Intangible Heritage - 2003 Convention :". Retrieved 2013-09-22. 
  2. ^ Ardian Ahmedaja, Gerlinde Haid (2008). European voices: Multipart singing in the Balkans and the Mediterranean, Volume 1, p. 210, 243-44. ISBN 9783205780908.
  3. ^ Ahmedaja, Haid (2008), p.214-215. [1]
  4. ^ Ahmedaja, Haid (2008), p.241. [2]

External links