Abū Bakr Aḥmad ibn Ḥusayn Ibn 'Alī ibn Mūsa al-Khosrojerdi al-Bayhaqi (Arabic) , البيهقي also known as Imām al-Bayhaqi was born 994 CE/384 AH in the small town of Khosrowjerd near Sabzevar, then known as Bayhaq, in Khurasan. During his lifetime, he became a famous Sunni hadith expert, following the Shafi'i school in fiqh and the Ash'ari school of Islamic Theology.
Al-Bayhaqi's full name is أحمد بن الحسين بن علي بن موسى الخراساني البيهقي المشهور بالبيهقي.
Al-Bayhaqi was a scholar of fiqh of the Shafi'i school of thought, as well as of that of hadith. He studied fiqh under Abū al-Fatḥ Nāṣir ibn al-Ḥusayn ibn Muḥammad al-Naysaburi as well as Abul Hasan Hankari. He also studied hadith under Hakim al-Nishaburi, Abu Mansur Al-Baghdadi and others, and was al-Nishaburi's foremost pupil. He died in 1066 CE.
Bayhaqi was a prominent author in his time, having authored more than one thousand volumes according to Al-Dhahabi. Among the most well-known books authored by him are:
- Sunan al-Kubra lil Behaqi, commonly known as Sunan al-Bayhaqi
- Ma`arifa al-Sunan wa al-Athar (sometimes referred to as Al-Sunan al-Wusta)
- Bayan Khata Man Akhta`a `Ala al-Shafi`i (The Exposition of the Error of Those who have Attributed Error to al-Shafi`i)
- Al-Mabsut, a book on Shafi`i Law
- Al-Asma' wa al-Sifat (The Divine Names and Attributes)
- Al-I`tiqad `ala Madhhab al-Salaf Ahl al-Sunna wa al-Jama`a
- Dala'il al-Nubuwwah (The Signs of Prophethood)
- Shuab ul Iman (The branches of faith)
- Al-Da`awat al-Kabir (The Major Book of Supplications)
- Al-Zuhd al-Kabir (The Major Book of Asceticism)
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