Ahmednagar is a relatively small town and shows less development than the nearby western Maharashtra cities of Mumbai and Pune. Ahmednagar is home to 19 sugar factories and is also the birthplace of the cooperative movement. Due to scarce rainfall, Ahmednagar often suffers from drought. Marathi is the primary language for daily-life communication. Ahmednagar has recently published a plan of developing the city by year 2031.
It was one of the Deccan sultanates, which lasted until its conquest by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in 1636. Aurangzeb, the last Mughal emperor, who spent the latter years of his reign, 1681–1707, in the Deccan, died in Ahmednagar and his burial at (khultabad) near Aurangabad in 1707, and a small monument marks the site.
In 1759, the Peshwa of the Marathas obtained possession of the place from Nizam of Hyderabad and in 1795 it was ceded by the Peshwa to the Maratha chief Daulat Rao Sindhia. Ahmednagar was invaded by a British force under General Wellesley and captured. It was afterwards restored to the Marathas, but again came into the possession of the British in 1817, according to the terms of the Treaty of Poona, and was known as Ahmednuggur.
As of 2011 Indian census, Ahmednagar had a population of 347,549. Males constitute 53% of the population and females 47%. Ahmednagar has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national urban average of 79.9%. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Sant Dnyaneshwar, Marathi sant, wrote Dnyaneshwari, a discourse on the Bhagavad Gita.
Chand Bibi Palace - Actually the tomb of Salabat Khan, this is a solid three-storey stone structure situated on the crest of a hill 13 km from Ahmednagar city.
Meherabad, where the samadhi (tomb) of the spiritual master Meher Baba is a place of pilgrimage, visited by thousands each year, particularly on the anniversary of his death, Amartithi. His later residence was at Meherazad (near Pimpalgaon village), approximately nine miles north of Ahmednagar.
Ahmednagar Fort (Bhuekot Killa) - Built by Ahmed Nizam Shah in 1490, this is one of the best-designed and most impregnable forts in India. As of 2013[update], it is under the control of the military command of India. Oval in shape, with 18-metre-high walls and 24 citadels, its defence system includes a moat 30 metres wide and 4 to 6 metres deep. Two entrances to the fort are accessed by drawbridges. A target of countless invasions, the Ahmednagar Fort has taken many blows and come out relatively unscathed. It has changed hands many times over from the time of Mughal rule, and was used as a royal prison a number of times. The entire Congress Working Committee was detained there during the Quit India Movement of 1942. Jawaharlal Nehru, later to be India's first prime minister, wrote his book The Discovery of India during his imprisonment from 1942-1945. Some rooms in the fort have been converted into a museum in commemoration of Nehru and other freedom fighters.
Cavalry Tank Museum - The Armoured Corps Centre and School has created a museum with an extensive collection of 20th-century armoured fighting vehicles.
Hume Memorial Church - Old Church building in Ahmednagar city. Named after Christian Missionary Robert Allen Hume
Vishal Ganpati Mandir - Ganeshji Big temple in the Maliwada area of Ahmednagar City.
Renuka/Durga Goddess Temple - This temple is located in Kedgaon (around 3 km from Ahmednagar Railway Station, 5 km from Ahmednagar ST bus-stand) which is near Nagar-Pune highway. The Navaratri (nine nights) festival is a celebration of nine nights of battle between the Goddess Durga and demon-king Mahishasura. Eventually Goddess Durga killed Mahishasura on the ninth night and thus the festival signifies the triumph of good over evil.
Kalbhairvnath Temple Agadgaon: Temple of Kalbhairvnath located 17 km from ahmednagar. Trust of temple provides meal as prasad every Sunday from 2008. Thousands of Pilgrims visit here every Sunday.
Rehekuri Blackbuck Sanctuary: This is situated in Karjat taluka in Ahmednagar district. The area of the sanctuary is 2.17 km2.
Ralegan Siddhi - a village which is a model for environmental conservation. Social activist Anna Hazare is from Ralegan Siddhi.
Pimpri Gawali- is a village in Parner taluka in Ahmednagar district. It is located about 25 km away from Ahmednagar and it is well known for the watershed development and agribusiness activities. This village has done very basic work in the rain water harvesting through Deep CCT structures and groundwater regulation and management. Farmers self Help groups of the villages formed Producer Company for the value addition of their agricultural commodity. This village has conserved environment through participatory approach.
Deep Continuous Contour Trenches (CCT)
Shingnapur - A village containing a Shani (planet Saturn) temple and where all the houses are doorless—probably the only village in the world where locks are unnecessary.
Shri Munjaba Tample, Ukkadgaon- In Shrigonda Taluka about 60 km from Ahmednagar main city Its very beautiful Temple with four big statue of ganapati, mahadev (shankar), vishnu and hanuman on Temple and thousands of devotees visit this place.
Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth is an agricultural university at Rahuri, named after an activist and social reformer of 19th century—one of four agricultural universities in the state.
The shrines of famous Sufis saints, including Sayyad Meera Ishaq Shah Jilani, Quadri, known as (Meera Wali Baba); Sayyad Abdul-Rehman Shah Chishti (Dum Bara Hazaari); Fasipeer; Sayyad Shah Sharif (Dargah Daira); Shah Arab Sayyad Haji Hasan Shah Quadri, Al-Jilani; Sayyad Jalal Shah Bukhari; and Sayyad Bapu Fazil Shah Wali.
Ahmednagar city have air connectivity by Seaplane service. The port for Seaplane is located at Mula Dam water reservoir, 30 min away from Ahmednagar City. The service offered by Maritime Energy Heli Air Services Pvt. Ltd. (MEHAIR) from 22 September 2014. On going Flight is available from Juhu, Mumbai to Mula Dam. The service will now enable the large number of pilgrims traveling to the holy sites of Meherabad, Shirdi and Shani Shingnapur to travel quickly and conveniently to their destinations.
Now new airport have started at Shirdi which is 80 km from Ahmednagar and the only airport in the district. Regular flights from Mumbai, Delhi and Hyderabad fly to Shirdi. Currently, it is served by Air India and SpiceJet.
MSRTC Tarakpur Bus Stand - All the buses going via Ahmednagar, do stop here.
Maliwada Bus Stand - The buses going to Aurangabad/ Jalgaon/ Akola take a halt here.
Pune Bus Stand - Buses going to Pune/Mumbai take a halt here.
Intra city transport
Several ways to have a commute in the city. Autorickshaws, which can be trusted as a private commute in the city. Sharing rikshaws also been part of the daily life of the citizen. Newly bus service has been established by Municipal corporation in the month of July 2019 which can turn a safer and cheaper commute to the citizens in the future. Main routes in the city are:
Maliwada Bus stand to Nirmalnagar via Delhigate, Patrakar chowk, Premdan chowk, Professor colony, and Pipeline road.
Maliwada Bus stand to Dr.Vikhe Patil College, Vilad ghat. via Delhigate, Patrakar chowk, Premdan chowk, Savedi naka, Nagapur MIDC and New Nagapur.
Maliwada Bus stand to Kedgaon via Sakkar chowk, Kinetic chowk, Railway flyover and Ambikanagar.
Maliwada Bus stand to Bhingar via Market Yard chowk, Nagar college, GPO chowk, Ahmednagar fort, Shukrawar Bazaar and Bhingar wes.
Maliwada Bus stand to Nimbalak via Delhigate, Patrakar chowk, Premdan chowk, Savedi naka and Nagapur MIDC
Ahmednagar Municipal Council was upgraded to Municipal Corporation status in 2003. As of Dec 2018, Babasaheb Wakale of BJP was the incumbent mayor. Ahmednagar city is represented in the central and state legislatures by the Ahmednagar Lok Sabha and Ahmednagar City Vidhan Sabha seats respectively. The Sitting MP is Dr.Sujay Vikhe Patil and while seating MLA is Sangram Jagtap.