|Member of the Italian Parliament|
24 May 1924 – 21 January 1929
|Born||31 October 1886|
Reggio Calabria, Italy
|Died||3 March 1952 (aged 65)|
|Political party||National Fascist Party|
|Alma mater||University of Rome|
Agostino Lanzillo was born in Reggio Calabria on 31 October 1886 to Salvatore and Giuseppina (Cosile) Lanzillo. Agostino attended primary school and secondary school in his hometown. He acquired a Law degree from the University of Rome and wrote his thesis on the socialist Pierre-Joseph Proudhon.
Lanzillo was drawn to revolutionary syndicalism and became a follower of George Sorel. Lanzillo wrote:
The importance of Sorel in socialist historiography is in my opinion close to that of Marx and Engels— Agostino Lanzillo, Giorgio Sorel nella storiografia, Il divenire sociale
Lanzillo corresponded personally with Sorel, and published in 1910 the first biography of Sorel. Lanzillo also contributed to the syndicalist journals Avanguardia Socialista and Il divenire sociale.
In 1909, George Sorel started collaborating with the French nationalist-monarchist movement Action Française, creating national syndicalism. While many in the Italian Left attacked Sorel and reproached him for his close links with Action Française, Italian revolutionary syndicalists supported Sorel. Lanzillo, for example, defended his master in a series of articles published in Il divenire sociale. Later, Lanzillo wrote to the national syndicalist journal La lupa. From 1912, Lanzillo published under Benito Mussolini editorship, contributing to Avanti!, Utopia and Il Popolo d'Italia.
In 1921 Lanzillo was a lecturer in political economy at University of Rome. In 1922 he became a Professor of Political Economy at the Royal University of Milan and in 1923 he became a professor at the University of Cagliari. Later, Lanzillo was appointed rector of Royal Advanced Institute of Economics and Commerce in Venice.
The first biography of Sorel, by Agostino Lanzillo, appeared in Italy in 1910.
The Fascist movement was founded by Mussolini in Milan at a meeting in the Piazza San Sepolcro on 23 March 1919. Among the founding members were several eminent revolutionary syndicalist leaders such as Agostino Lanzillo.