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Abu'l-Ma'ali Nasrallah

Nasrallah ibn Muhammad ibn Abd al-Hamid Shirazi (Persian: نصرالله بن محمد بن عبدالحمید شیرازی‎), better known as Abu'l-Ma'ali Nasrallah (ابوالمعالی نصرالله), was a Persian[1] poet and statesman who served as the vizier of the Ghaznavid Sultan Khusrau Malik.

Biography

Nasrallah was born in Ghazni; he was the grandson of Abd al-Hamid Shirazi, a prominent Ghaznavid vizier, who himself was the son of the prominent Ghaznavid vizier Ahmad Shirazi, who was the son of Abu Tahir Shirazi, a secretary under the Samanids, whose family was originally from Shiraz in southern Iran. Nasrallah later became a secretary at the Ghaznavid court, and also became a poet. Between 1143 and 1146, Nasrallah translated the Arabic translated Indian fable story Kalila wa Dimna to Persian,[2] and dedicated it to Sultan Bahram-Shah.

During the reign of the Bahram-Shah's grandson, the last Ghaznavid Sultan Khusrau Malik, Nasrallah was appointed as his vizier, but later fell into disfavor and was imprisoned, and then executed.[3]

References

  1. ^ Bosworth 2001, pp. 578-583.
  2. ^ Bosworth 1968, pp. 159.
  3. ^ Berthels & Brujin 1993, pp. 1016.

Sources

  • Berthels, E. & Brujin, J. T. P. de (1993). "Naṣr Allāh b. Muḥammad". In Bosworth, C. E.; van Donzel, E.; Heinrichs, W. P. & Pellat, Ch. (eds.). The Encyclopaedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume VII: Mif–Naz. Leiden: E. J. Brill. pp. 1016–1017. ISBN 90-04-09419-9.
  • Bosworth, C. E. (1968). "The Political and Dynastic History of the Iranian World (A.D. 1000–1217)". In Boyle, John Andrew (ed.). The Cambridge History of Iran, Volume 5: The Saljuq and Mongol Periods. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 1–202. ISBN 0-521-06936-X.
  • Bosworth, C. E. (2001). "GHAZNAVIDS". Encyclopaedia Iranica, Vol. X, Fasc. 6. London et al. pp. 578–583.
Preceded by
Unknown
Vizier of the Ghaznavid Empire
???
Succeeded by
Unknown