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Abdullah Shah Ghazi

See also Ghazi and Gazi (disambiguation)
The shrine of Abdullah Shah Ghazi in Karachi, Pakistan.

Abdullah Shah Ghazi (Arabic: عبد الله شاه غازي‎) (c. 720) was an eighth century Muslim mystic and Sufi whose shrine is located in the Clifton neighbourhood of Karachi, Pakistan.[1]

Life

Inside the shrine of the Abdullah Shah Ghazi

According to city of Karachi's historian and architect, Suhail Lari, being the son of Muhammad al-Nafs al-Zakiyya, Abdullah Shah Ghazi was of the Ahl al-Bayt (member of the household of Muhammad).[2] He was born in Medina in 720 and arrived in Sindh as an Arab merchant. Another noted historian, M. Daudpota, says that Ghazi came in the area from Iraq with Muhammad bin Qasim's army and took part in fighting Sindh's Hindu ruler Raja Dahir in the seventh century.[3] Abdullah Shah Ghazi was said to have been killed by enemies in a forest, with devotees returning his body to a site on the coast where he is said to have first stepped foot in Sindh.[3] He was buried atop a hillock in Karachi along with his brother Misry Shah.[4]

Shrine

The shrine is situated next to what will be Pakistan's tallest skyscraper.

The tomb is built on a high platform, though the body is kept in a subterranean crypt. The shrine is made of high, square chamber and a green-and-white striped dome, decorated with Sindhi tilework, flags and buntings. The shrine attracts a steady stream of devotees who caress the silver railing around the burial place and drape it with garlands of flowers. The shrine is said to be particularly popular with Urdu-speakers and Punjabis. As a sign of cooperation among different faiths, some Christian and Hindu community members are occasionally seen also at the shrine.[3]

Until the early 1950s, the shrine was a small hut on top of a sandy hill in Clifton. The shrine was built, expanded and beautified by the then custodian of the shrine, Murshid Nadir Ali Shah[5] in the mid-1950s, as it had begun to attract devotional attention. The shrine expansion and pilgrims attracted the festivities, free meals for all and the devotional music such as Qawwali.[1] In 1962, The Auqāf department took administrative control of the shrine. In 2011, the shrine was handed over to a private company, M/s Bahria.[6]

Abdullah Shah Ghazi shrine was attacked in 2010 by militants who detonated two suicide bombs at the shrine killing 10 and injuring 50.[3] The shrine management is still able to provide two daily meals free to anyone in need.[1]

Lineage

  1. Janab Abi Muhammad Abdullah al ashtar urf Abdullah Shah Ghazi [r.a.] (Clifton, Karachi, Pakistan)
  2. Janab Muhammad al Asghar saani [r.a.] (Jannat al-Baghi shareef, Saudi Arabia)
  3. Janab Hasan Al Abdul Jawwad naqeeb e ashraaf e koofa [r.a.] (Kufa, Iraq)
  4. Janab Abi Muhammad abdullah [r.a.] (jannatul baqi shareef, Saudi Arabia)
  5. Janab Syedna Qasim (r.a.) (jannatul baqi shareef, Saudi Arabia)
  6. Janab Syedna Abu jaafar [r.a.] (jannatul baqi shareef, Saudi Arabia)
  7. Janab Syedna Hasan Al Makni bab ul hasan [r.a.] (jannatul baqi shareef, Saudi Arabia)
  8. Janab Syedna Hussain [r.a.] (jannatul baqi shareef, Saudi Arabia)
  9. Janab Syedna Eisa [r.a.] (jannatul baqi shareef, Saudi Arabia)
  10. Janab Syedna Usuf [r.a.] (jannatul baqi shareef, Saudi Arabia)
  11. Janab Syedna Rasheed Al Deen Ahmad Al Madni Al Ghaznavi [r.a.] (Baghdad, Iraq)
  12. Janab Qutub al aqtaab ghausul aalmeen Ameer Kabeer Syed Shah Qutub Al Deen Muhammad Al Madni Al Hasni Al Husaini [r.a.] fateh kada jadd e aala sadaat e Qutbia Fi Hindustan (Kada shareef Uttar Pradesh, India)
  13. Janab Syedna Ameer Nizam uddin hasan [r.a.] (kada shareef)
  14. Janab Syedna Ameer Ruqhnuddin [r.a.] (kada shareef)
  15. Janab Syedna Ameer Shah Sadruddin [r.a] (kada shareef)
  16. Janab Syedna Shah Qayamuddin [r.a.] (kada shareef)
  17. Janab Syedna Shah Ziyauddin [ r.a ] (kada shareef)
  18. Janab Syedna Shah Musa [ r.a.] (kada shareef)
  19. Janab Syedna shah Syed miya [ r.a.] (kada shareef)
  20. Janab Syedna Raje Shah [ r.a.] (kada shareef)
  21. Janab Syedna Shah Laad [r.a.] (kada shareef)
  22. Janab Syedna Ameer Shah Muhammad Ismaiel [r.a.] (kurra sadaat, Fatehpur, India)
  23. Janab Syedna Ameer Shah Jalaluddin Jalal [ r.a.] (kurra sadaat fatehpur)
  24. Janab Syedna Shah Hamza [ r.a.] (kurra sadaat fatehpur)
  25. Janab Syedna Shah Abdul Rasool [r.a ] (rasoolabaad Allahabad, India)
  26. Janab Syedna Shah Peer Muhammad [r.a] (Teele wali masjid Lucknow, India)
  27. Janab Syedna Muhammad [r.a] (kurra sadaat Fatehpur)
  28. Janab Syedna Shah ghulam meer [R.A.] (kurra sadaat)
  29. Janab Syedna Shah Fateh Muhammad [r.a] (kurra sadaat Fatehpur)
  30. Janab Syedna Shah Muhammad Hashim [r.a] (kurra sadaat Fatehpur)
  31. Janab Syedna Shah Kareem Bakhsh Kurra sadaat Fatehpur)
  32. Janab Syedna Mehdi Bakhsh [r.a] (kurra sadaat Fatehpur)
  33. Janab Syedna Shah Abul Hassan Hasni Qutbi shaheed [ r.a] [Writer Tareekh Aaine Awadh] (khankah shareef manikpur, Uttar Pradesh, India)
  34. Janab Syedna Ahmad Zakiuddin Qutbi [r.a.] (khankah shareef manikpur, Uttar Pradesh, India)
  35. Janab Syed Shah Mohiuddin Qutbi (r.a) (khankah shareef manikpur, Uttar Pradesh, India)
  36. Janab Hakeem Syed Shah Shamsuddin Qutbi Quddasirrahul Aali (Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India)
  37. Janab Syed Shah Najamuddin Qutbi .(Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India)
  38. Syed shah Ahmed Shafai Qutbi (Phone 8004974849)(S/O Janab Syed Shah Najamuddin Qutbi (Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India)
  39. Syed Shah Ahmed Zaki Qutbi (Husain) and Syed Shah Ahmed Zain Qutbi (Hamza) (S/O Syed shah Ahmed Shafai Qutbi)
  40. Ameer kabeer Syed Shah Qutubuddin Muhammad Aquib Qutbi Ashtari Sajjada nasheen Aastana e Aaliya Suherwardia Firdausia kubriwiya Qutbia kabeeriya kada shareef, Zila Kaushambi, Uttar Pradesh, India. (Ba hawala Tareekh Aine Awadh, Ansabul Ashraaf, Tazkirah Sadaat e Qutbia, Tasawwuf Sindh Abdullah-Shah-Ghazi) (S/O Janab Hakeem Syed Shah Shamsuddin Qutbi Quddasirrahul Aali.(Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India)

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Asim Butt (August 11, 2005). "Pakistan's mystical Islam thrives". BBC News. Archived from the original on May 8, 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2018. 
  2. ^ Lari, Suhail Zaheer. A History of Sindh. Oxford University Press, USA. 1995, np [and OUP Pakistan, 1996.]
  3. ^ a b c d Paracha, Nadeem (23 November 2014). "Abdullah Shah Ghazi: The saviour saint". Dawn (newspaper). Retrieved 12 February 2018. 
  4. ^ Profile of Abdullah Shah Ghazi Retrieved 12 February 2018
  5. ^ www.ummat.net. "https://www.ummat.net/2016/09/29/news.php?p=story4.gif". www.ummat.net. Retrieved 2018-02-21.  External link in |title= (help)
  6. ^ "Takeover of shrines: Private company to run Abdullah Shah Ghazi - The Express Tribune". tribune.com.pk. Retrieved 2018-02-13. 

External links