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Abdelkader Hachani

Abdelkader Hachani
Abdelkader Hachani.jpg
Born26 December 1956
Died22 November 1999 (aged 42)
NationalityAlgerian
OccupationPolitician
Known forwinning in 1991 Algerian legislative election

Abdelkader Hachani (/ɑːbdɪlˈkɑːdər ˈhɑːʃəni/ (About this soundlisten); Arabic: عبد القادر حشاني‎; 26 December 1956 – 22 November 1999) was a leading figure and founding member of the Islamic Salvation Front (or FIS), an Algerian Islamic party.

Career

Following the arrests of Abassi Madani and Ali Belhadj on 30 June 1991, he became the party's effective leader (after four days of contested leadership by Mohamed Said.) He led the party to victory in the National Assembly elections of December 1991; shortly afterwards, he was arrested on 22 January 1992.

As the Algerian Civil War raged, he was released in July 1997. The court handed him a sentence of five years, which he had already served waiting for the trial. He played a prominent role in negotiating the Islamic Salvation Army's (AIS) cease-fire of October 1997, but condemned President Abdelaziz Bouteflika's Civil Harmony Act.

Hachani was shot by an assassin in the waiting room of a dental clinic in the Bab El Oued district of Algiers on 22 November 1999, and subsequently died in hospital.[1][2] In December, the government announced that it had arrested Fouad Boulemia, a GIA member, for the murder; Boulemia was convicted in a controversial trial, sentenced to death, and then released.

Hachani was trained as a petrochemical engineer. Within FIS, he was considered a member of the Djaz'ara (Algerianist) wing. He left four children behind.

References

  1. ^ Johnson, Douglas (26 November 1999). "Abdelkadar Hachani: Islamic leader with a vision of national reconciliation in Algeria". The Guardian.
  2. ^ "Islamist's death threatens Algeria peace process". BBC News. 24 November 1999.