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AES implementations

There are various implementations of the Advanced Encryption Standard, also known as Rijndael.

Libraries

AES speed at 128, 192 and 256-bit key sizes.[clarification needed][citation needed]

Rijndael is free for any use public or private, commercial or non-commercial.[1] The authors of Rijndael used to provide a homepage[2] for the algorithm. Care should be taken when implementing AES in software. Like most encryption algorithms, Rijndael was designed on big-endian systems. For this reason, little-endian systems, which include the common PC, return correct test vector results only through swapping bytes of the input and output words.

The algorithm operates on plaintext blocks of 16 bytes. Encryption of shorter blocks is possible only by padding the source bytes, usually with null bytes. This can be accomplished via several methods, the simplest of which assumes that the final byte of the cipher identifies the number of null bytes of padding added.

Careful choice must be made in selecting the mode of operation of the cipher. The simplest mode encrypts and decrypts each 128-bit block separately. In this mode, called electronic code book (ECB), blocks that are identical will be encrypted identically; this is entirely insecure. It makes some of the plaintext structure visible in the ciphertext. Selecting other modes, such as using a sequential counter over the block prior to encryption (i.e., CTR mode) and removing it after decryption avoids this problem.

  • Current list of FIPS 197 validated cryptographic modules (hosted by NIST)
  • Current list of FIPS 140 validated cryptographic modules with validated AES implementations (hosted by NIST) – Most of these involve a commercial implementation of AES algorithms. Look for "FIPS-approved algorithms" entry in the "Level / Description" column followed by "AES" and then a specific certificate number.

C/ASM library

  • Libgcrypt
  • wolfSSL (previously CyaSSL)
  • GnuTLS
  • Network Security Services
  • OpenSSL
  • LibreSSL
  • mbed TLS (previously PolarSSL)
  • Reference original implementation
  • axTLS
  • Microsoft CryptoAPI uses Cryptographic Service Providers to offer encryption implementations. The Microsoft AES Cryptographic Provider was introduced in Windows XP and can be used with any version of the Microsoft CryptoAPI.[3]
  • tiny-AES-c Small portable AES128/192/256 in C (suitable for embedded systems)
  • AES-256 a byte-oriented portable AES-256 implementation in C
  • Solaris Cryptographic Framework offers multiple implementations, with kernel providers for hardware acceleration on x86 (using the Intel AES instruction set) and on SPARC (using the SPARC AES instruction set). It is available in Solaris and derivatives, as of Solaris 10.[4]
  • OpenAES portable C cryptographic library
  • LibTomCrypt is a modular and portable cryptographic toolkit that provides developers with well known published block ciphers, one-way hash functions, chaining modes, pseudo-random number generators, public key cryptography and other routines.
  • libSodium API for NaCl
  • tiny_aes Compact implementation of AES-128 in C and x86 assembly. (205 bytes)

C++ library

  • Botan has implemented Rijndael since its very first release in 2001
  • Crypto++ A comprehensive C++ public-domain implementation of encryption and hash algorithms. FIPS validated

C# /.NET

Java

Python

  • PyCrypto – The Python Cryptography Toolkit PyCrypto, extended in PyCryptoDome
  • keyczar – Cryptography Toolkit keyczar
  • M2Crypto – M2Crypto is the most complete OpenSSL wrapper for Python.
  • Cryptography – Python library which exposes cryptographic recipes and primitives.
  • PyNaCl – Python binding for libSodium (NaCl)

JavaScript

  • SJCL library – contains JavaScript implementations of AES in CCM, CBC, OCB and GCM modes
  • AES-JS – portable JavaScript implementation of AES ECB and CTR modes
  • Forge – JavaScript implementations of AES in CBC, CTR, OFB, CFB, and GCM modes
  • asmCrypto – JavaScript implementation of popular cryptographic utilities with focus on performance. Supports CBC, CFB, CCM modes.
  • pidCrypt – open source JavaScript library. Only supports the CBC and CTR modes.

LabVIEW

Applications

Archive and compression tools

File encryption

Encrypting file systems

Disk / partition encryption

Security for communications in local area networks

Miscellaneous

Hardware

  • Intel and AMD processors include the AES instruction set.
  • On IBM zSeries mainframes, AES is implemented as the KM series of assembler opcodes when various Message Security Assist facilities are installed.
  • SPARC S3 core processors include the AES instruction set, which is used with SPARC T4 and SPARC T5 systems.

References