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89th Academy Awards

89th Academy Awards
2017 Oscars poster.jpg
Official poster
Date February 26, 2017
Site Dolby Theatre
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Hosted by Jimmy Kimmel
Preshow hosts
Produced by Michael De Luca and
Jennifer Todd
Directed by Glenn Weiss
Highlights
Best Picture Moonlight
Most awards La La Land (6)
Most nominations La La Land (14)
TV in the United States
Network ABC
Duration 3 hours, 49 minutes
Ratings 32.9 million[1]
22.4% (Nielsen ratings)[1]

The 89th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2016, and took place on February 26, 2017, at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, at 5:30 p.m. PST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Michael De Luca and Jennifer Todd and directed by Glenn Weiss.[2][3] Comedian Jimmy Kimmel hosted the ceremony for the first time.[4]

In related events, the Academy held its 8th Annual Governors Awards ceremony at the Grand Ballroom of the Hollywood and Highland Center on November 12, 2016.[5] On February 11, 2017, in a ceremony at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California,[6] the Academy Scientific and Technical Awards were presented by hosts John Cho and Leslie Mann.[7]

Moonlight won three awards including Best Picture and La La Land won the most awards of the ceremony with six after receiving a record-tying 14 nominations. In an event unprecedented in the history of the Oscars, La La Land was incorrectly announced as the Best Picture. After a few minutes the error was corrected and Moonlight was declared the winner.[8][9] Moonlight became the first film with an all-black cast and the first LGBT-themed film to win Best Picture.[10][11] Hacksaw Ridge and Manchester by the Sea won two awards each. Winners with one award include Arrival, Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them, Fences, The Jungle Book, O.J.: Made in America, Piper, The Salesman, Sing, Suicide Squad, The White Helmets, and Zootopia.

Winners and nominees

The nominees for the 89th Academy Awards were announced on January 24, 2017, via global live stream from the Academy.[12] La La Land received the most nominations with a record-tying fourteen (1950's All About Eve and 1997's Titanic also achieved this distinction);[13] Arrival and Moonlight came in second with eight apiece.[14][15] La La Land's Best Picture loss to Moonlight meant it set a record for most nominations without winning Best Picture.

O.J.: Made in America, at 467 minutes, became the longest film to win an Academy Award, surpassing the 431-minute War and Peace, which won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film in 1969.[16] Following the win, Academy new rules bared any "multi-part or limited series" to be eligible for documentary categories.[17] With Casey Affleck winning the Oscar for Best Actor, he and his older brother, Ben Affleck, became the 16th pair of siblings to win Academy Awards. Mahershala Ali became the first Muslim actor to win an Oscar. Viola Davis became the first black person to receive the Triple Crown of Acting with her Oscar, Tony and Emmy wins. 32-year-old Damien Chazelle became the youngest person to win Best Director; Norman Taurog was 33 when he won Best Director for the 1931 comedy Skippy.

Kevin O'Connell finally ended the longest losing streak in Oscar history after 20 unsuccessful nominations for sound mixing, winning for Hacksaw Ridge. Moonlight 's Dede Gardner became the first woman to win twice for producing, following her previous Best Picture win for 12 Years a Slave. This was the first time since the 70th Academy Awards that none of the winners of the acting awards won for playing real people, and the first time since the 70th Awards that all four acting winners were American.

Photo of Damien Chazelle in 2014.
Damien Chazelle, Best Director winner
Photo of Casey Affleck in 2016.
Casey Affleck, Best Actor winner
Photo of Emma Stone in 2010.
Emma Stone, Best Actress winner
Photo of Mahershala Ali in 2010.
Mahershala Ali, Best Supporting Actor winner
Photos of Viola Davis in 2016.
Viola Davis, Best Supporting Actress winner
Photos of Kenneth Lonergan in 2016.
Kenneth Lonergan, Best Original Screenplay winner
Photo of Barry Jenkins.
Barry Jenkins, Best Adapted Screenplay co-winner
Photo of Asghar Farhadi in 2013.
Asghar Farhadi, Best Foreign Language Film winner
Photo of Byron Howard in 2016.
Byron Howard, Best Animated Feature Film co-winner
Photo of Rich Moore in 2016.
Rich Moore, Best Animated Feature Film co-winner
Photo of Ezra Edelman in 2011.
Ezra Edelman, Best Documentary Feature co-winner
Photo of Justin Hurwitz in 2016.
Justin Hurwitz, Best Original Score winner and Best Original Song co-winner

Awards

Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface, and indicated with a double dagger (double-dagger).[18]

  1. ^ AMPAS revoked Russell's nomination after discovering that he had contacted voters for the award by telephone in violation of campaigning regulations.[19]

Governors Awards

The Academy held its eighth annual Governors Awards ceremony on November 12, 2016, during which the following awards were presented:[20]

Academy Honorary Awards

Films with multiple nominations and awards

Films that received multiple nominations[25]
Nominations Film
14 La La Land
8 Arrival
Moonlight
6 Hacksaw Ridge
Lion
Manchester by the Sea
4 Fences
Hell or High Water
3 Hidden Figures
Jackie
2 A Man Called Ove
Deepwater Horizon
Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them
Florence Foster Jenkins
Kubo and the Two Strings
Moana
Passengers
Rogue One: A Star Wars Story
Films that received multiple awards[25]
Awards Film
6 La La Land
3 Moonlight
2 Hacksaw Ridge
Manchester by the Sea

Presenters and performers

The following individuals were brought onto the ceremony to present awards or perform musical numbers.[26][27]

Presenters

Name(s) Role
Randy Thomas Announcer of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "Can't Stop the Feeling!"
Vikander, AliciaAlicia Vikander Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actor
Bateman, JasonJason Bateman and
McKinnon, KateKate McKinnon
Presenters of the awards for Best Makeup and Hairstyling and Costume Design
Henson, Taraji P.Taraji P. Henson,
Johnson, KatherineKatherine Johnson,
Monáe, JanelleJanelle Monáe, and
Spencer, OctaviaOctavia Spencer
Presenters of the award for Best Documentary Feature
Johnson, DwayneDwayne Johnson Presenter of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "How Far I'll Go"
Isaacs, Cheryl BooneCheryl Boone Isaacs (AMPAS president) Special presentation highlighting the benefits of film and diversity
Evans, ChrisChris Evans and
Boutella, SofiaSofia Boutella
Presenters of the awards for Best Sound Editing and Best Sound Mixing
Vaughn, VinceVince Vaughn Presenter of the Governor Award winners
Rylance, MarkMark Rylance Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress
Theron, CharlizeCharlize Theron and
MacLaine, ShirleyShirley MacLaine
Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film
Patel, DevDev Patel Presenter of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "The Empty Chair"
García Bernal, GaelGael García Bernal and
Steinfeld, HaileeHailee Steinfeld
Presenters of the awards for Best Animated Short Film and Best Animated Feature Film
Dornan, JamieJamie Dornan and
Johnson, DakotaDakota Johnson
Presenters of the award for Best Production Design
Jones, FelicityFelicity Jones and
Ahmed, RizRiz Ahmed
Presenters of the award for Best Visual Effects
Fox, Michael J.Michael J. Fox and
Rogen, SethSeth Rogen
Presenters of the award for Best Film Editing
Hayek, SalmaSalma Hayek and
Oyelowo, DavidDavid Oyelowo
Presenters of the awards for Best Documentary Short Subject and Best Live Action Short Film
Cho, JohnJohn Cho and
Mann, LeslieLeslie Mann
Presenters of the segment of the Academy Scientific and Technical Awards
Bardem, JavierJavier Bardem and
Streep, MerylMeryl Streep
Presenters of the award for Best Cinematography
Gosling, RyanRyan Gosling and
Stone, EmmaEmma Stone
Presenters of the performance of Best Original Song nominees "Audition (The Fools Who Dream)" and "City of Stars"
Jackson, Samuel L.Samuel L. Jackson Presenter of the award for Best Original Score
Johansson, ScarlettScarlett Johansson Presenter of the award for Best Original Song
Aniston, JenniferJennifer Aniston Presenter of the In Memoriam tribute
Affleck, BenBen Affleck and
Matt Damon[n 1]
Presenters of the award for Best Original Screenplay
Adams, AmyAmy Adams Presenter of the award for Best Adapted Screenplay
Berry, HalleHalle Berry Presenter of the award for Best Director
Larson, BrieBrie Larson Presenter of the award for Best Actor
DiCaprio, LeonardoLeonardo DiCaprio Presenter of the award for Best Actress
Beatty, WarrenWarren Beatty and
Dunaway, FayeFaye Dunaway
Presenters of the award for Best Picture (see also Best Picture announcement error)
  1. ^ Referred to only as Ben Affleck's "guest" in this segment

Performers

Name(s) Role Performed
Wheeler, HaroldHarold Wheeler Musical arranger and Conductor Orchestral
Timberlake, JustinJustin Timberlake Performer "Can't Stop the Feeling!" from Trolls and "Lovely Day"
Cravalho, Auli'iAuli'i Cravalho and
Miranda, Lin-ManuelLin-Manuel Miranda
Performers "How Far I'll Go" from Moana
Sting, Sting Performer "The Empty Chair" from Jim: The James Foley Story
Legend, JohnJohn Legend Performer "City of Stars" and "Audition (The Fools Who Dream)" from La La Land
Bareilles, SaraSara Bareilles Performer "Both Sides, Now" during the annual In Memoriam tribute
Kimmel, JimmyJimmy Kimmel Conductor Playing-off music interrupting presentation of award for Best Original Screenplay

Ceremony information

Picture of comedian and host Jimmy Kimmel in 2013.
Jimmy Kimmel hosted the 89th Academy Awards.

Due to the mixed reception and low ratings of the previous year's ceremony, producers David Hill and Reginald Hudlin declined to helm the upcoming festivities. They were replaced by Michael De Luca and Jennifer Todd as producers.[28][29] Actor and comedian Chris Rock told Variety regarding if he would return to host, "Someone else will do it."[30] On December 5, 2016, it was announced that Jimmy Kimmel would host the ceremony.[31] Kimmel expressed that it was truly an honor and a thrill to be asked to host Academy Awards, commenting "Mike and Jennifer have an excellent plan and their enthusiasm is infectious. I am honored to have been chosen to host the 89th and final Oscars."[32]

Due to his hosting duties, ABC did not broadcast a special episode of Jimmy Kimmel Live! following the ceremony, as in past years. Instead, ABC aired Live from Hollywood: The After Party, co-hosted by Anthony Anderson, and Lara Spencer of Good Morning America.[33] The stage set was designed by Derek McLane.[34]

Box office performance of nominated films

North American box office gross for Best Picture nominees[35]
Film Pre-nomination
(before Jan. 24)
Post-nomination
(Jan. 24 – Feb. 26)
Post-awards
(after Feb. 26)
Total
Hidden Figures $85 million $67.7 million $16.5 million $169.3 million
La La Land $90.5 million $50.5 million $10.2 million $151.1 million
Arrival $95.7 million $4.6 million $210,648 $100.5 million
Hacksaw Ridge $65.5 million $1.4 million $274,090 $67.2 million
Fences $48.8 million $7.7 million $1.1 million $57.7 million
Lion $16.5 million $26.3 million $8.9 million $51.7 million
Manchester by the Sea $39 million $7.9 million $819,980 $47.7 million
Moonlight $15.9 million $6.4 million $5.6 million $27.9 million
Hell or High Water $27 million $27 million
Total $483.9 million $172.4 million $43.6 million $700.1 million
Average $53.8 million $19.2 million $4.8 million $77.8 million

At the time of the nominations announcement on January 24, 2017, the combined gross of the nine Best Picture nominees at the North American box offices was $483.8 million, with an average of $53.8 million per film.[35] When the nominations were announced, Arrival was the highest-grossing film among the Best Picture nominees with $95.7 million in domestic box office receipts. La La Land was the second-highest-grossing film with $90.5 million, followed by Hidden Figures ($85 million), Hacksaw Ridge ($65.5 million), Fences ($48.8 million), Manchester by the Sea ($39 million), Hell or High Water ($27 million), Lion ($16.5 million) and Moonlight ($15.8 million).[35]

Thirty-five nominations went to 13 films on the list of the top 50 grossing movies of the year. Of those 13 films, only Zootopia (3rd), Moana (15th), La La Land (45th), and Arrival (48th) were nominated for Best Picture, Best Animated Feature or any of the directing, acting or screenwriting awards. The other top 50 box-office hits that earned nominations were Rogue One: A Star Wars Story (4th), The Jungle Book (5th), Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (8th), Suicide Squad (10th), Doctor Strange (11th), Star Trek Beyond (24th), Trolls (25th), Passengers (30th), and Sully (32nd).

Racial diversity

In the previous two years, the awards had come under scrutiny for the lack of racial diversity among the nominees in major categories, which included no actors of color being nominated.[36] After the nominees for the 89th Awards were announced on January 24, many media outlets noted the diversity of the nominations, which included a record-tying seven minority actors and a record-setting six black actors.[37][38][39] For the first time in the Academy's history, each acting category had black actors, with three nominated in the Best Supporting Actress category and three black screenwriters nominated in the Best Adapted Screenplay category in the same year. Also nominated was one black director, the fourth in Oscar history.[40][41][42]

The awards continued to be criticized by actors and media organizations representing non-black minorities. The National Hispanic Media Coalition stated that Latino actors were "not getting the opportunities to work in front of camera, and with few exceptions, in back of the camera as well." Daniel Mayeda, chair of the Asian Pacific American Media Coalition, stated that the omission of Asian actors from the nominations list (with only one actor, Dev Patel, nominated) reflected "the continued lack of real opportunities for Asians in Hollywood."[43] A skit performed during the ceremony, in which a group of tourists enter the theater, led to criticism of host Jimmy Kimmel over his mocking of an Asian woman's name.[44]

Having previously been nominated for Doubt (2008) and The Help (2011), Viola Davis became the first African-American actress to garner three Academy Award nominations.[45][46] She went on to win the award, making her the first African-American to achieve the Triple Crown of Acting: winning a competitive Emmy, Tony, and Oscar in acting categories. Bradford Young became the first African-American to be nominated for Best Cinematography, while Joi McMillon became the first African-American to be nominated for Best Film Editing since Hugh A. Robertson for Midnight Cowboy, as well as the first black woman to be nominated for that award.[47][48][49]

Moonlight became the first film with an all-black cast to win the Best Picture award.[11] Additionally, the ceremony had the most black winners of the Academy Awards ever.[50]

Travel ban controversy

Iranian director Asghar Farhadi, who won the Best Foreign Language Film for The Salesman, was revealed to initially be unable to attend the ceremony due to President Donald Trump's immigration ban. He boycotted the event, saying, "I have decided to not attend the Academy Awards ceremony alongside my fellow members of the cinematic community."[51] The Academy president Cheryl Boone Isaacs reacted to the travel ban, saying, "America should always be not a barrier but a beacon and each and every one of us knows that there are some empty chairs in this room which has made academy artists into activists."[52]

Two prominent Iranian Americans – engineer Anousheh Ansari, known as the first female space tourist, and Firouz Naderi, a former director of Solar Systems Exploration at NASA – accepted Asghar Farhadi's Oscar on his behalf at the ceremony.[53] Congratulations which had initially been tweeted to the Iranian people from the US State Department's official Persian-language Twitter account were deleted following the acceptance speech given by Firouz Naderi in which President Trump's travel ban was described as "inhumane".[54]

Best Picture announcement error

Warren Beatty and Faye Dunaway came onstage to present the award for Best Picture, in celebration of the 50th anniversary of Bonnie and Clyde. After opening the envelope, Beatty hesitated to announce the winner, eventually showing it to Dunaway, who glanced at it and declared La La Land the winner. However, more than two minutes later, as the producers of La La Land were making their acceptance speeches, Oscar crew members came on stage and took the envelopes from those assembled, explaining to them that there had been a mistake. La La Land producer Fred Berger, having heard the news, concluded his brief speech by saying "we lost, by the way".

Beatty was then given the correct opened envelope as La La Land producer Jordan Horowitz stepped to the microphone, announced the error, stated that Moonlight had actually won the award, and took the card bearing the film's title from Beatty's hand and showed it to the camera and the audience as proof. The La La Land team, particularly Horowitz, would later be praised for their professional handling of the situation. Beatty returned to the microphone and explained that the envelope he had initially been given named Emma Stone for her performance in La La Land, hence his confused pause, and confirmed that Moonlight was the winner. The producers of Moonlight then came onstage, Horowitz presented the Best Picture award given to him to them, and they gave their acceptance speeches.[8][55][56]

According to The Hollywood Reporter, PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC) – the accounting firm responsible for tabulating results, preparing the envelopes, and handing them to presenters – creates two sets of envelopes, which are kept on opposite sides of the stage.[57] It is intended that each award has one primary envelope and one backup envelope that remains with one of the PwC Accountants in the wings. Video stills from the broadcast show that Beatty and Dunaway had been given the single remaining still-unopened backup envelope for Actress in a Leading Role as they walked onto the stage.[58]

PwC issued a statement apologizing for this error:

An article from The New York Times explained:

Brian Cullinan, the PwC accountant who handed Beatty the wrong envelope, had been instructed not to use social media during the event, but had tweeted a snapshot of Emma Stone moments before handing the wrong envelope to the official presenters.[61] Variety published photographs of Cullinan that were taken at the time which showed him backstage while tweeting the image.[62]

Critical reception and television ratings

The show received a mixed reception from media publications. Some media outlets received the broadcast more positively with praise directed toward host Kimmel. Television critic Sonia Saraiya of the Variety remarked, "Kimmel’s Oscars found a way to balance the telecast between that sensibility — the treacly self-satisfaction of sweeping orchestrals and tap-dancing starlets — and the very real widening gulf between the wealthy and cultured elites in Hollywood and the global public they make art for."[63] Robert Bianco of USA Today said that, "a host can make matters better or worse, and on that scale, Kimmel definitely fell on the 'better' side. He was a constantly amusing, good-natured presence who usually hit the mark, and who was able to recover quickly when he didn't." [64] Television critic Brian Lowry from CNN stated, "Kimmel proved a helpful choice given the polarized climate. He brought a light touch to his satire—acknowledging partisan division and poking at Trump without seeming mean-spirited—and an overall silliness to the proceedings."[65]

Others were more critical of the show. Jeff Jensen of Entertainment Weekly remarked, "Kimmel (and/or the producers) didn’t know when to stop and didn’t know when to bail on stuff that wasn’t working, a judgment fail that got more irritating at the show went long. They had to do the parachuting snack delivery thing three times?"[66] Time television critic Daniel D’Addario wrote, "To dispense with what did not work: It was unfortunate that the evening's host didn't seem to share the evening's general embrace of humanity, but, well, one can't have everything."[67] The Oregonian columnist Kristi Turnquist wrote, "His recurring visits got less entertaining as the evening dragged on." She added, "And does anybody else find the long-running mock feud between Kimmel and Matt Damon as hilarious as they do? By the end of the Oscars broadcast, this bit felt as tedious as the ill-advised recurring segments featuring actors waxing on about favorite films."[68]

Attaining 32.9 million U.S. viewers according to Nielsen ratings, the ceremony's telecast had a 4-percent drop in viewership from last year's ceremony and had the lowest U.S. viewership since the 80th ceremony in 2008, which averaged 32 million viewers.[69]

In Memoriam

The annual In Memoriam segment was introduced by Jennifer Aniston with Sara Bareilles performing a rendition of "Both Sides, Now" during the montage.[70][71] Beforehand, Aniston paid verbal tribute to actor Bill Paxton, who died the day before the ceremony. The segment paid tribute to:

Errors

The slide for Janet Patterson, an Australian costume designer, mistakenly used a photograph of Australian producer Jan Chapman, who is still alive.[72]

See also

References

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