|Other names||7α-TS; SC-24813; Deacetylspironolactone; Mercaptospironolactone; 17α-Hydroxy-7α-mercapto-3-oxopregn-4-ene-21-carboxylic acid γ-lactone|
|Drug class||Antimineralocorticoid; Antiandrogen|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||374.54 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
7α-Thiospironolactone (7α-TS; developmental code name SC-24813; also known as deacetylspironolactone) is a steroidal antimineralocorticoid and antiandrogen of the spirolactone group and a minor active metabolite of spironolactone. Other important metabolites of spironolactone include 7α-thiomethylspironolactone (7α-TMS; SC-26519), 6β-hydroxy-7α-thiomethylspironolactone (6β-OH-7α-TMS), and canrenone (SC-9376).
Spironolactone is a prodrug with a short terminal half-life of 1.4 hours. The active metabolites of spironolactone have extended terminal half-lives of 13.8 hours for 7α-TMS, 15.0 hours for 6β-OH-7α-TMS, and 16.5 hours for canrenone, and accordingly, these metabolites are responsible for the therapeutic effects of the drug.
7α-TS and 7α-TMS have been found to possess approximately equivalent affinity for the rat ventral prostate androgen receptor (AR) relative to that of spironolactone. The affinity of 7α-TS, 7α-TMS, and spironolactone for the rat prostate AR is about 3.0 to 8.5% of that of dihydrotestosterone (DHT).
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