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511 Davida

511 Davida
511 Davida dettaglio.png
Keck telescope image of Davida resolved by using adaptive optics
Discovered byR. S. Dugan
Discovery dateMay 30, 1903
MPC designation(511) Davida
Pronunciation/dəˈvdə/ də-VY-də[2]
Named after
David Peck Todd
1903 LU
main-belt · (outer)
Orbital characteristics[3]
Epoch August 27, 2011 (JD 2455800.5)
Aphelion3.756248648 AU
Perihelion2.57323875 AU
3.164743701 AU
5.63009883 yr (2056.393597 d)
Physical characteristics
Dimensions357 km × 294 km × 231 km[4]
Mean diameter
289±21 km[4]
Mass3.84±0.20×1019 kg[5]
Mean density
2.97±1.30 g/cm³[5]
0.2137235 d (5.13 h)
Albedo0.054–0.066 2
Temperature~160 K
Spectral type
9.50[6] to 12.98

Davida (minor planet designation: 511 Davida) is a large C-type asteroid in the asteroid belt. It was discovered by R. S. Dugan in 1903. It is one of the ten most-massive asteroids, and the 7th-largest asteroid. Davida is named after David Peck Todd, an astronomy professor at Amherst College.

Physical characteristics

Asteroid 511 Davida (lower left at mag 12.5) near galaxy NGC 5792
3D model of Davida based on lightcurve modeling
Keck telescope image sequence of Davida showing its rotation

It is approximately 270–310 km in diameter and comprises an estimated 1.5% of the total mass of the asteroid belt.[5][7][8] It is a C-type asteroid, which means that it is dark in colouring with a carbonaceous chondrite composition.

Davida is one of the few main-belt asteroids whose shape has been determined by ground-based visual observation. From 2002 to 2007, astronomers at the Keck Observatory used the Keck II telescope, which is fitted with adaptive optics, to photograph Davida. The asteroid is not a dwarf planet: there are at least two promontories and at least one flat facet with 15-km deviations from a best-fit ellipsoid. The facet is presumably a 150-km global-scale crater like the ones seen on 253 Mathilde. Conrad et al. (2007) show that craters of this size "can be expected from the impactor size distribution, without likelihood of catastrophic disruption of Davida."


In 2001, Michalak estimated Davida to have a mass of (6.64±0.56)×1019 kg.[9][10] In 2007, Baer and Chesley estimated Davida to have a mass of (5.9±0.6)×1019 kg.[11] As of 2010, Baer suggests Davida has a mass of (3.84±0.20)×1019 kg.[5] This most recent estimate by Baer suggests that Davida is less massive than 704 Interamnia, making Davida the sixth-most-massive asteroid, though the error bars overlap.[5]


There have been 9 occultation events observed since 1987, many of which produced two or three chords.[12] Two examples shown here.

Occultations by 511 Davida: Left: Double chord occultation of TYC 5597-01223 on 5 August 2016, observed by two amateur astronomers in eastern Australia. Both observers noted step events, thereby detecting the star has two components. Right: Triple chord occultation of TYC 1964-00787, observed on 6 February 2009 by three astronomers in eastern United States.
511 Davida occulted TYC 5597-01223 on 5 August 2016. Two observers recorded the event and both observed step events. Shown here is the step recording by Dave Herald.


  1. ^ "Small Bodies Data Ferret". Nesvorny HCM Asteroid Families V3.0. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  2. ^ per Latin Dāvīda
  3. ^ JPL data Retrieved 2011-09-02
  4. ^ a b Conrad (2007). Measurements of the short axis are less precise than the other two, but also involve a discrepancy between fitting the convolved and deconvolved images (241±40 km), and fitting the edges (191±114 km).
  5. ^ a b c d e Baer, James (2010). "Recent Asteroid Mass Determinations". Personal Website. Archived from the original on July 2, 2013. Retrieved February 13, 2011.
  6. ^ "Bright Minor Planets 2003". Minor Planet Center. Retrieved May 21, 2008.[permanent dead link]
  7. ^ Pitjeva, E. V. (2005). "High-Precision Ephemerides of Planets—EPM and Determination of Some Astronomical Constants" (PDF). Solar System Research. 39 (3): 176. Bibcode:2005SoSyR..39..176P. doi:10.1007/s11208-005-0033-2. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 31, 2008.
  8. ^ "Baer Mass of 511 Davida" 0.220 / "Mass of Mbelt" 15 = 0.0146
  9. ^ Michalak, G. (2001). "Determination of asteroid masses (6) Hebe, (10) Hygiea, (15) Eunomia, (52) Europa, (88) Thisbe, (444) Gyptis, (511) Davida and (704) Interamnia". Astronomy & Astrophysics. 374: 703–711. Bibcode:2001A&A...374..703M. doi:10.1051/0004-6361:20010731. Archived from the original on December 4, 2012. Retrieved November 4, 2008.
  10. ^ (3.34±0.28)×10−11 solar masses, per Michalak (2001), extended dynamic model.
  11. ^ Baer, James; Steven R. Chesley (2007). "Astrometric masses of 21 asteroids, and an integrated asteroid ephemeris" (PDF). Celestial Mechanics and Dynamical Astronomy. Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007. 100 (2008): 27–42. Bibcode:2008CeMDA.100...27B. doi:10.1007/s10569-007-9103-8. Retrieved November 15, 2008. (2.98±0.30)×10−11 solar masses
  12. ^ "PDS Asteroid/Dust Subnode". Archived from the original on April 25, 2018. Retrieved April 27, 2018.

External links