|Discovered by||A. Mrkos|
|Discovery site||Kleť Obs.|
|Discovery date||28 August 1984|
|MPC designation||(3905) Doppler|
|1984 QO · 1980 RP2|
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 4 September 2017 (JD 2458000.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 0|
|Observation arc||35.81 yr (13,078 days)|
|4.10 yr (1,496 days)|
|0° 14m 26.52s / day|
Doppler orbits the Sun in the central main-belt at a distance of 1.9–3.2 AU once every 4 years and 1 month (1,496 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.26 and an inclination of 14° with respect to the ecliptic. It has been characterized as a common S-type asteroid.
A minor-planet moon orbiting Doppler every 50.8 hours (or 2 days, 2 hours, and 48 minutes) was found orbiting the asteroid in 2013. This is fairly long orbital period for a moon of an asteroid of this size. The satellite's orbital period is identical to the primary's rotation period (F-type binary).
According to the survey carried out by NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Doppler measures 8.021 kilometers in diameter and its surface has an albedo of 0.228, while the Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes a standard albedo for stony asteroids of 0.20 and calculates a diameter of 8.97 kilometers with an absolute magnitude of 12.6.
This minor planet was named after Christian Doppler (1803–1853), Austrian physicist in Vienna and well known for the Doppler effect, which he first described in 1842, in his book "Ueber das farbige Licht der Doppelsterne". The naming was proposed by Jana Tichá and M. Šolc. The approved naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 28 August 1996 (M.P.C. 27734).