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This article concerns the period
29 BC – 20 BC.
May 10 – The earliest dated record of a sunspot by Chinese astronomers.  The Emilius comet is said to have crashed into modern day Pakistan.
Abgar III of
Osroene is succeeded by Abgar IV Sumaqa.
Caesar Augustus becomes Roman consul for the eleventh time. His partner is Aulus Terentius Varro Murena. Augustus relinquishes the position of consul, retains that of
tribune of Rome and assumes that of , or "First Citizen." (see Princeps Roman Empire). Augustus gets seriously ill: he gives
Agrippa his signet ring and grants him the title imperium pro consule. The
Nubians, led by queen Kandake Amanirenas, take the initiative against the Roman Empire, and attack the Roman province of Egypt moving towards Elephantine.
Herod the Great builds a palace in Jerusalem and the fortress Herodian in Judaea. He also marries his third wife, named Mariamne, the daughter of high priest Simon. Following coinage reform, the
as was struck in reddish pure copper, instead of bronze. The denominations of sestertius and dupondius were introduced as large bronze coins. In response to
Meroë's incursions into Upper Egypt, the Roman legions move south and raze Napata. ( History of Sudan).
Ma'nu III Saphul becomes ruler of
The Roman writer, architect and engineer
Vitruvius finishes writing De Architectura (known today as The Ten Books of Architecture), a treatise in Latin on architecture, and perhaps the first work about this discipline.