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2019 Indian general election in West Bengal

2019 Indian general election in West Bengal

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42 seats
Turnout81.76%
  First party Second party
  All India Trinamool Congress symbol.svg BJP Election Symbol.svg
Leader Mamata Banerjee Dilip Ghosh
Party AITC BJP
Alliance Federal Front NDA
Leader since 1998 2015
Leader's seat did not contest Medinipur
Last election 34 2
Seats won 22 18
Seat change Decrease 12 Increase 16
Popular vote 24,756,985 23,028,343
Percentage 43.28% 40.25%
Swing Increase 3.48 Increase 22.27

  Third party Fourth party
  Hand INC.svg Indian Election Symbol Hammer Sickle and Star.png
Leader Somen Mitra
Party INC CPI (M)
Alliance UPA Left Front
Leader since 2018
Last election 4 2
Seats won 2 0
Seat change Decrease 2 Decrease 2
Popular vote 3,210,485 3,594,283
Percentage 5.61% 6.28%
Swing Decrease 4.09% Decrease 16.72%

West Bengal Lok Sabha election result.png

The 2019 Indian general election were held in India between April and May 2019 to constitute the 17th Lok Sabha. The Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) made major inroads into the state by winning nearly half the seats, which has been termed a "paradigm shift" in the state's political narrative.[1][2]

Party-wise Result

22 18 2
AITC BJP INC
Party AITC BJP INC CPI(M)
Leader Mamata Banerjee Dilip Ghosh Somen Mitra Surya Kanta Mishra
Dilip Ghosh MP.jpg Surya Kanta Mishra-1.jpg
Votes 43.28%, 24,756,985 40.25%, 23,028,343 5.61%, 3,210,485 6.28%, 3,594,283
Seats 22 (52.38%) 18 (42.86%) 2 (4.76%) 0 (0.00%)
22 / 42
18 / 42
2 / 42
0 / 42
Name of Party Vote Share % Change % Seats won Change
All India Trinamool Congress 43.28% Increase3.48 22 Decrease12
Bharatiya Janata Party 40.25% Increase22.25 18 Increase16
Indian National Congress 5.61% Decrease4.09 2 Decrease2
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 6.28% Decrease16.72 0 Decrease2

Impact

There has been a major political shift from the left to the right in the 2019 general elections in West Bengal. The Statesman says, “Making an aggressive penetration in Bengal for the first time since its inception in 1980, BJP alone has dramatically increased its vote share close to 40 percent this time. Thus, it has virtually made the CPI-M into a mere marginalised political party and at the same time the saffron party set a strong challenge before the Trinamool Congress hardly two years ahead of the Assembly elections scheduled in 2021 in the state.” This obviously is the most important impact of the general elections in the state visible in the voting pattern right across the state, irrespective of who won or lost a particular seat.[3][4]

Surveys and Polls

vote share

Date published Polling agency Lead
NDA UPA AITC Left Front
Jan 2019 Republic TV - C Voter[5] 31.8% 9.6% 43.7% 14.4% 11.9%

seat projections

Poll Type Date published Polling agency Lead
NDA UPA AITC Left Front
Exit poll

[6][7]

ABP - Nielson 16 2 24 0 8
Times Now - VMR 11 2 28 1 17
Republic TV- Jan Ki Baat 11 2 29 0 18
India Today - AxisMyIndia 19-23 1 19-22 0 1
NewsX - CNX 14 2 26 0 8
News24 - Today's Chanakya 18 1 23 0 5
Opinion poll 06 Apr 2019 India TV - CNX[8] 12 1 28 1 16
05 Apr 2019 Republic TV - Jan ki Baat[9] 13 3 25 1 12
Mar 2019 ABP News- Nielsen[10] 8 3 31  – 23
Jan 2019 Spick Media[11] 8 4 30 0 22
Jan 2019 Republic TV - Cvoter[5] 7 1 34 0 27
Nov 2018 Spick Media[12] 5 4 32 1 27
Nov 2018 ABP News - C Voter[13] 9 1 32  – 23

Candidates

Trinamool Congress

On 12 March 2019, party president Mamata Banerjee announced the party candidates for the election. [14] 41% of the candidates were women. Notable exclusions from the list were the party's general secretary Subrata Bakshi and Sugata Bose. Bose did not get permission from Harvard University, where he is a professor, to contest the election.[15] Notable inclusions were Bengali actresses Mimi Chakraborty and Nusrat Jahan.[16]

Left Front

Indian National Congress

Bharatiya Janata Party

# Constituency Reserved for

(SC/ST/None)

Candidates Name
All India Trinamool Congress Bharatiya Janata Party Indian National Congress Left Front
1 Cooch Behar SC Paresh Chandra Adhikary Nisith Pramanik Priya Roy Choudhury Gobinda Roy
2 Alipurduars ST Dasrath Tirkey John Barla Mohan Lal Basumuta Mili Oraon
3 Jalpaiguri SC Bijoy Chandra Barman Jayanta Ray Mani Kumar Darnal Bhagirath Roy
4 Darjeeling None Amar Singh Rai Raju Singh Bisht Shankar Malakar Saman Pathak
5 Raiganj None Kanaia Lal Agarwal Deboshree Chaudhary Deepa Dasmunshi Mohammed Salim
6 Balurghat None Arpita Ghosh Sukanta Majumdar Sadik Sarkar Ranen Burman
7 Maldaha Uttar None Mausam Noor Khagen Murmu Isha Khan Chowdhury Biswanath Ghosh
8 Maldaha Dakshin None Moazzem Hossain Sreerupa Mitra Chaudhury Abu Hasem Khan Choudhury
9 Jangipur None Khalilur Rehman Mafuja Khatun Abhijit Mukherjee Zulfikar Ali
10 Baharampur None Apurba Sarkar Krishna Juardar Arya Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury
11 Murshidabad None Abu Taher Khan Humayun Kabir Abu Hena Badaruddoza Khan
12 Krishnanagar None Mahua Moitra Kalyan Chaubey Intaj Ali Shah Shantanu Jha
13 Ranaghat SC Rupaali Biswas Jagannath Sarkar Minati Biswas Ruma Biswas
14 Bangaon SC Mamata Bala Thakur Shantanu Thakur Sourav Prasad Alokesh Das
15 Barrackpur None Dinesh Trivedi Arjun Singh Mohammad Alam Gargi Chatterjee
16 Dum Dum None Sougata Roy Samik Bhattacharya Saurav Saha Nepaldeb Bhattacharya
17 Barasat None Kakoli Ghosh Dastidar Mrinal Kanthi Debnath Subrota (Rashu) Dutta Haripada Biswas
18 Basirhat None Nusrat Jahan Sayantan Basu Quazi Abdur Rahim Pallab Sengupta
19 Jaynagar SC Pratima Mondal Ashok Kandari Tapan Mondal Subhash Naskar
20 Mathurapur SC Choudhury Mohan Jatua Shyamaprasad Halder Krittibas Sardar Sarat Haldar
21 Diamond Harbour None Abhishek Banerjee Nilanjan Roy Soumya Aich Roy Fuad Halim
22 Jadavpur None Mimi Chakraborty Anupam Hazra Support Left Candidate Bikash Ranjan Bhattacharya
23 Kolkata Dakshin None Mala Roy Chandra Kumar Bose Mita Chakraborty Nandini Mukherjee
24 Kolkata Uttar None Sudip Bandyopadhyay Rahul Sinha Syed Shahid Imam Kaninika Bose (Ghosh)
25 Howrah None Prasun Banerjee Rantideb Sen Gupta Suvra Ghosh Sumitra Adhikari
26 Uluberia None Sajda Ahmed Joy Banerjee Shoma Ranisree Roy Maqsuda Khatun
27 Serampore None Kalyan Banerjee Debajit Sarkar Debabrata Biswas Tirthankor Roy
28 Hooghly None Ratna De (Nag) Locket Chatterjee Pratul Saha Pradip Saha
29 Arambagh SC Aparupa Poddar Tapan Roy Jyoti Das Shaktimohan Mullick
30 Tamluk None Dibyendu Adhikari Siddhartha Naskar Lakshman Chandra Seth Sheikh Ibrahim Ali
31 Contai None Sisir Adhikari Debasish Samant Dipak Kumar Das Paritosh Patnaik
32 Ghatal None Dev Bharati Ghosh Khandakar Mohammad Saifullah Tapan Ganguly
33 Jhargram ST Birbaha Soren Kunar Hembram Jagyeswar Hembram Debolina Hembrom
34 Medinipur None Manas Bhunia Dilip Ghosh Sambhunath Chatterjee Biplab Bhatt
35 Purulia None Mriganko Mahato Jyotirmoy Mahto Nepal Mahato Bir Singh Mahato
36 Bankura None Subrata Mukherjee Subhash Sarkar Support Left Candidate Amiyo Patro
37 Bishnupur SC Shyamal Santra Saumitra Khan Narayan Chandra Khan Sunil Khan
38 Bardhaman Purba SC Sunil Kumar Mandal Paresh Chandra Das Siddhartha Majumder Ishwar Chandra Das
39 Bardhaman-Durgapur None Mamtaz Sanghamita S. S. Ahluwalia Ranajit Mukherjee Abhas Roy Choudhury
40 Asansol None Moon Moon Sen Babul Supriyo Biswarup Mondal Gouranga Chatterjee
41 Bolpur SC Asit Kumar Mal Ram Prashad Das Abhijit Saha Ram Chandra Dome
42 Birbhum None Satabdi Roy Dudh Kumar Mondal Imam Hossain Rezaul Karim

Assembly segments wise lead of Parties

Party Assembly segments Position in Assembly (as of 2016 election)[17]
Bharatiya Janata Party 121 3
Indian National Congress 9 44
All India Trinamool Congress 164 211
Communist Party of India (Marxist) 0 32
Others  –  –
Total 294

Constituency-wise Results

# Constituency Turnout[18] Winner Party Margin
1 Cooch Behar 84.08 Increase Nisith Pramanik Bharatiya Janata Party 54,231
2 Alipurduars 83.79 Increase John Barla Bharatiya Janata Party 2,43,989
3 Jalpaiguri 86.51 Increase Jayanta Kumar Roy Bharatiya Janata party 1,84,004
4 Darjeeling 78.80 Decrease Raju Singh Bisht Bharatiya Janata Party 4,13,443
5 Raiganj 79.82 Decrease Debasree Chaudhuri Bharatiya Janata Party 60,574
6 Balurghat 83.69 Decrease Sukanta Majumder Bharatiya Janata Party 33,293
7 Maldaha Uttar 80.39 Decrease Khagen Murmu Bharatiya Janata Party 84,288
8 Maldaha Dakshin 81.24 Increase Abu Hasem Khan Choudhury Indian National Congress 8,222
9 Jangipur 80.72 Increase Khalilur Rahman All India Trinamool Congress 2,45,782
10 Baharampur 79.41 Increase Adhir Ranjan Chowdhury Indian National Congress 80,696
11 Murshidabad 84.29 Decrease Abu Taher Khan All India Trinamool Congress 2,26,417
12 Krishnanagar 83.75 Decrease Mahua Moitra All India Trinamool Congress 63,218
13 Ranaghat 84.26 Decrease Jagannath Sarkar Bharatiya Janata Party 2,33,428
14 Bangaon 82.64 Decrease Shantanu Thakur Bharatiya Janata Party 1,11,594
15 Barrackpur 76.91 Decrease Arjun Singh Bharatiya Janata Party 14,857
16 Dum Dum 76.92 Decrease Saugata Roy All India Trinamool Congress 53,002
17 Barasat 81.26 Decrease Kakoli Ghosh Dastidar All India Trinamool Congress 1,09,983
18 Basirhat 85.43 Decrease Nusrat Jahan All India Trinamool Congress 3,50,369
19 Joynagar 82.29 Increase Pratima Mondal All India Trinamool Congress 3,16,775
20 Mathurapur 84.86 Decrease Choudhury Mohan Jatua All India Trinamool Congress 2,03,974
21 Diamond Harbour 81.98 Increase Abhishek Banerjee All India Trinamool Congress 3,20,594
22 Jadavpur 79.11 Decrease Mimi Chakraborty All India Trinamool Congress 2,95,239
23 Kolkata Dakshin 69.82 Increase Mala Roy All India Trinamool Congress 1,55,192
24 Kolkata Uttar 65.83 Decrease Sudip Bandyopadhyay All India Trinamool Congress 1,27,095
25 Howrah 74.83 Increase Prasun Banerjee All India Trinamool Congress 1,03,695
26 Uluberia 81.18 Decrease Sajda Ahmed All India Trinamool Congress 2,15,359
27 Serampore 78.54 Decrease Kalyan Banerjee All India Trinamool Congress 98,536
28 Hooghly 82.57 Decrease Locket Chatterjee Bharatiya Janata Party 73,362
29 Arambagh 83.44 Decrease Aparupa Poddar All India Trinamool Congress 1,142
30 Tamluk 85.38 Decrease Dibyendu Adhikari All India Trinamool Congress 1,90,165
31 Kanthi 85.83 Decrease Sisir Adhikari All India Trinamool Congress 1,11,668
32 Ghatal 82.74 Decrease Deepak Adhikari (Dev) All India Trinamool Congress 1,07,973
33 Jhargram 85.71 Increase Kunar Hembram Bharatiya Janata Party 11,767
34 Medinipur 84.24 Increase Dilip Ghosh Bharatiya Janata Party 88,952
35 Purulia 82.38 Increase Jyotirmoy Singh Mahato Bharatiya Janata Party 2,04,732
36 Bankura 83.25 Increase Subhash Sarkar Bharatiya Janata Party 1,74,333
37 Bishnupur 87.34 Increase Saumitra Khan Bharatiya Janata Party 78,047
38 Bardhaman Purba 84.78 Decrease Sunil Kumar Mondal All India Trinamool Congress 89,311
39 Bardhaman-Durgapur 82.67 Decrease S. S. Ahluwalia Bharatiya Janata Party 2,439
40 Asansol 76.62 Decrease Babul Supriyo Bharatiya Janata Party 1,97,637
41 Bolpur 85.74 Increase Asit Kumar Mal All India Trinamool Congress 1,06,402
42 Birbhum 85.34 Increase Shatabdi Roy All India Trinamool Congress 88,924

References

  1. ^ Election results 2019: Bengal votes for the BJP, breaks many stereotypes, The Hindu BusinessLine, 23 May 2019.
  2. ^ WB Election Result Highlights: BJP creates history in Bengal, livemint, 24 May 2019.
  3. ^ "West Bengal election results 2019: left veers into political oblivion". The Statesman, 24 May 2019. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Analysis: In West Bengal, Left's vote-reduction will benefit BJP but to what extent?". The Hindu 23 May 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2019.
  5. ^ a b "National Approval Ratings: Despite BJP's West Bengal push, Mamata's TMC projected to dominate elections". Republicworld.com. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  6. ^ "WB Exit Polls 2019 Highlights: Didi to rule but BJP set to make massive gains". Live Mint. 19 May 2019.
  7. ^ "West Bengal exit poll 2019 for Lok Sabha Elections". Business Insider. 19 May 2019.
  8. ^ IndiaTV (6 April 2019). "पूरे India का ओपिनियन पोल सभी 543 Lok Sabha Seats पर - IndiaTv-CNX Opinion Poll 2019" – via YouTube.
  9. ^ "Jan Ki Baat (@jankibaat1) - Twitter". twitter.com.
  10. ^ "BJP in West Bengal: BJP may win 8, Trinamool to shine in West Bengal: ABP-Nielsen". m.economictimes.com.
  11. ^ Network, Spick Media (21 February 2019). "#BJP shows improvement at #WestBengal. Ruling Trinamool Congress to stay as Single Largest Party in state. #LokSabhaElections2019 @AITCofficial : 30 (38.56%) @BJP4Bengal : 08 (19.44%) @INCWestBengal : 04 (15.39%) #Others : 00 (26.61%) : #FON #FOWB #AITC #BJP #CPIM #Congresspic.twitter.com/6IyDl0cvMZ". Twitter. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  12. ^ "Fate of West Bengal : Spick Media - IE Tech - Fate of Nation survey - Fate of west bengal (august - september, 2018)" (PDF). Img1.wsimg.com. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  13. ^ न्यूज, एबीपी (1 November 2018). "अभी देश का मूड पीएम मोदी के साथ, यूपी में महागठबंधन नहीं बना तो एनडीए को 300 सीट: एबीपी न्यूज-सी वोटर सर्वे". Abpnews.abplive.in. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  14. ^ "Mamata releases TMC list for all 42 WB seats; alleges attempt to bribe voters". The Economic Times. 12 March 2019. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  15. ^ Rakshit, Avishek (12 March 2019). "Lok Sabha polls 2019: Trinamool Congress' election list out, 41% women". Business Standard. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  16. ^ Kumar, Sweety. "Lok Sabha polls: TMC's two new faces from Tollywood caught in middle of a social media storm". The Indian Express. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  17. ^ Lok Sabha results: Numbers point to tough fight ahead in West Bengal assembly polls
  18. ^ Final voter turnout of Phase 1 and Phase 2 of the Lok Sabha Elections 2019, The Election Commission of India (20 April 2019, updated 4 May 2019)

External links