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Orbit before and after 1/18/2018 flyby
|Discovery site||Mount Lemmon Obs.|
|Discovery date||18 January 2018|
(first observed only)
|MPC designation||2018 BD|
|NEO · Apollo |
|Orbital characteristics |
|Epoch 23 March 2018 (JD 2458200.5)|
|Uncertainty parameter 7|
|Observation arc||1 day|
|1.08 yr (395 days)|
|0° 54m 43.2s / day|
|Earth MOID||×10−6 AU 6.019|
|m 2 (est. at 0.35)|
6 m(est. at 0.05)
2018 BD is a small asteroid and near-Earth object of the Apollo group, approximately 2–6 meters (7–20 ft) in diameter. It was first observed on 18 January 2018, by astronomers of the Catalina Sky Survey at Mount Lemmon Observatory, Arizona, United States, just hours before passing about 0.10 lunar distances of the Earth.
2018 BD is an Apollo asteroid. It orbits the Sun at a distance of 0.75–1.36 AU once every 13 months (395 days; semi-major axis of 1.05 AU). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.29 and an inclination of 2° with respect to the ecliptic.
Based on a generic magnitude-to-diameter conversion, 2018 BD measures between 2 and 6 meters in diameter, for an absolute magnitude of 30.154, and an assumed albedo between 0.05 and 0.20, which represent typical values for carbonaceous and a bright E-type asteroids, respectively. As of 2018, no rotational lightcurve of this object has been obtained from photometric observations. The body's rotation period, pole and shape remain unknown.