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|2017 Faizabad sit-in|
|Date||5 November 2017 – 26 November 2017|
|Caused by||Changes made to the Elections Bill 2017 as to the oath required for parliamentarians in the belief of finality of prophethood of Muhammad|
Restoration of Finality of the Prophethood bill |
Resignation of Zahid Hamid
Resignation of Zahid Hamid
|Parties to the civil conflict|
Islamist political party Tehreek-e-Labaik (TLP) of Pakistan started a protest on 5 November 2017 and set up camp at the Faizabad Interchange contesting changes in the Elections Bill 2017 in which the word oath changed to declaration. The protesters demanded the resignation of Minister for Law and Justice Zahid Hamid to "protect the identity of the country." Their objective was achieved as a deal was struck with the government and the minister stepped down on 26 November 2017 culminating in an end to the peaceful protests that continued for 20 days without harm until, despite of all the warnings given out by various religious groups about the sensitivity of the matter, the government decided to use force against the protestors.
They demand that the government identifies and punishes the responsible persons behind the recent change of wording in the declaration of Khatm-e-Nabuwat in election laws and the resignation of Law Minister Zahid Hamid over accusations of removing the clause.
The negotiations didn't start until after a week of protest as the oppositions and people started to condemn governments policy of ignoring the protesters. Several bilateral talks ended in failure as the protesters were steadfast on their demand of resignation of law minister. Some of the delegations that went on behalf of government also called the demands of the protesters to be just.
According to government version it was an oversight in The Election Bill 2017 (one of the forms, on the subject relating one’s belief in the finality of prophethood of Muhammad, substituting the phrase “I solemnly swear” with “I believe”). The National Assembly of Pakistan claiming it as a “clerical error” later restored the original clause in the Election Act related to the finality of the prophethood in an oath that was turned into a religious and political controversy. However Government has failed to satisfy the protesting clerics.
After the government used brutal means of force on such as beat down of protesters until they were unconscious,on 25 November at approx 7 am GMT+5, raged fire through the public and by mid day most of the country was chocked by protests.Protests had spread beyond the Faizabad Interchange to most major Pakistani cities, including Islamabad and Lahore. Karachi, Quetta and sit-ins were staged in around 70 big cities and numerous small towns. Public life in Pakistan came to a halt.
On 25 November 2017, the NetBlocks internet shutdown observatory and Digital Rights Foundation identified mass-scale blocking of social media and content-sharing websites YouTube, Twitter and Facebook throughout Pakistan. Transmission of TV news channels were put off-air by PEMRA as a strategy of operation against sit-in protesters at Faizabad interchange, which immediately ignited as a countrywide demonstrations. Pakistan Broadcasters Association condemned the government’s unilateral shut down of news channels on 25 November 2017. However, transmission of news channels were restored by PEMRA in the afternoon of 26 November 2017 and the PTA was instructed to lift its ban over social media websites.
On 25 November 2017 police launched an operation using tear gas and water canons to clear the area where Tehreek-e-Labaik protesters had camped out for the last 20 days as they have blocked the main routes into the capital of Islamabad, after the police, the government called the army to control the law and order situation in the federal capital (Islamabad). The protest took place in other parts of the country, including both rural and urban areas. The government faced strong reactions by general public and a large numbers of protestors blocked the national highways throughout the country. Police was withdrawn from most of cities to avoid clashes. This crackdown also sparked outraged against the ruling party and many mob attacks took place on homes of Members of PMLN causing them to flee from their homes. Many more protesters died during clashes in Karachi and outskirts of Lahore.Sit in's were held until the leadership at Faizabad asked them to disperse after the agreement. The crowds dispersed peacefully. Head of the Moon Sighting Council Mufti Muneeb ur Rehman strongly condemned the action of the government. Pakistani politician Imran Khan called for the protests to remain peaceful, while not explicitly supporting or opposing the goals of Tehreek-e-Labaik.
Controversy came about on Pakistani social media after footage leaked showing a senior Pakistani military official handling out money and encouraging the protesters. Many Pakistani news agencies and newspapers did not publish the story, possibly in fear of the influence that the military has in Pakistan.