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2016 Minneapolis shooting

2016 Minneapolis shooting
Part of Islamophobia in the United States
2016 Minneapolis shooting is located in Minnesota
Minneapolis
Minneapolis
2016 Minneapolis shooting (Minnesota)
2016 Minneapolis shooting is located in the United States
Minneapolis
Minneapolis
2016 Minneapolis shooting (the United States)
LocationMinneapolis, United States
Coordinates44°59′N 93°16′W / 44.983°N 93.267°W / 44.983; -93.267
DateJune 29, 2016
c. 2:30 a.m. (UTC−06:00)
TargetSomali-Americans
Attack type
Shooting, hate crime
Weapons.38 Handgun
Injured2
PerpetratorAnthony John Sawina
MotiveHatred towards Muslims

The 2016 Minneapolis shooting took place on June 29, 2016 in Minneapolis, Minnesota when a man named Anthony Sawina shot at five Somali-Americans, wounding two of them. Witnesses later recounted that Sawina shouted anti-Muslim expletives and claimed he was "going to kill [them] all." The attack was condemned by civil rights groups as part of a larger rise of Islamophobia in the United States leading up the 2016 presidential election.

Background

Minneapolis has a large immigrant Somali-Muslim population and there have been several anti-Muslim and anti-Somali incidents in Minnesota within the past few years. On Oct. 30, 2015, Asma Jama (a Muslim woman of Somali descent and Kenyan nationality) was beaten for speaking Swahili in an Applebee's in the outskirts of Minneapolis. The perpetrator for that violence was charged with third-degree assault. A week prior to the shooting, a Muslim halal shop in the city was vandalized.[1] According to a study by Georgetown University, the amount of Anti-Muslims increased during the 2016 presidential election.[2] In September 2016, Minnesota was one of 20 states assessed by the Center for the Study of Hate and Extremism at California State University, San Bernardino. They found that while hate crimes overall climbed 5 percent in 2015, crimes targeting Muslims soared 78 percent, with a comparable increase projected this year.[3]

Attack

Anthony Sawina, aged 26, was leaving a bar with friends at 2:30 a.m. when they encountered a group of five Somali men wearing traditional qamis, who had been playing basketball nearby and were walking towards their car.[4] The Somali men were on their way to a mosque for Ramadan prayers.[5] One of Sawina's friends said, “What’s that dress you’re wearing?” and offered to shake hands. Instead of shaking hands, the Somali men continued to climb into their car and another of Sawina's companions shouted, “Fuck Muslims.”[4] When one of the Somalis objected to the remark, Sawina allegedly shouted, "What if someone said it? What if?" At this point, Sawina was alleged to have drawn a gun and begun shooting at the Somalis, hitting the car windshield. Two of the Somalis were shot in the leg and treated at a hospital.[6] The victims later stated they heard Sawina say "I’m going to kill you all."[7]

Investigation

Anthony Sawina had two previous convictions for carrying a handgun without a permit.[5] Sawina was charged with multiple counts of second-degree assault with a dangerous weapon.[8][9] His bail was set at $75,000 and faced up to seven years in prison.[10] The police confirmed on June 30 that they were investigating the incident as a hate crime.[1] The FBI also reviewed the case as a hate crime and for potential federal civil rights charges.[3]

Trial

Sawina was tried on nine counts of felony, including attempted murder in the first degree.[11] On May 11, 2017, Sawina was convicted of all charges, including attempted first-degree murder.[12] Sawina received a 39-year sentence, which prompted him to angrily rebuke the judge.[13] Sawina appealed his sentence in 2018 as excessive.[14]

Reactions

Minnesota Congressman Keith Ellison called for the U.S. Department of Justice to investigate the crime.[10]

Jaylani Hussein, executive director of the Council on American-Islamic Relations in Minnesota (CAIR-MN), stated the attack was evidence of growing tension and fear for Muslims across America.[5] Hassan Jama of the Islamic Association of North America called on "all Americans to stand with us, all Minnesotans to stand with us" and condemn the shooting as a hate crime.[15]

Following Sawina's conviction, CAIR-MN welcomed the result, stating it was justified.[7]

The shooting was one of the hate crimes cited by the FBI in October 2016.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Harvard, Sarah A. (1 July 2016). "2 Muslim Men Were Shot Near Minneapolis Mosque, Police Are Investigating as Hate Crime". Mic. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  2. ^ Abdelkader, Engy; Denari, Jordan; Lean, Nathan (2016). "When Islamophobia Turns Violent: the 2016 U.S. Presidential Elections" (PDF). The Bridge Initiative. Georgetown University.
  3. ^ a b c Montemayor, Stephen (October 31, 2016). "Feds zero in on rise in anti-Muslim hate crimes in Minnesota, nationally". Star Tribune. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  4. ^ a b Du, Susan (26 July 2016). "Anthony Sawina charged with shooting at five Somalis during Ramadan". City Pages. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  5. ^ a b c "Lauderdale Man Charged In Alleged 'Hate Crime' Shootings". CBS News. July 25, 2016. Retrieved 15 May 2017.
  6. ^ Jany, Libor (July 22, 2016). "Man, 26, charged with shooting at 5 Somali men heading to Ramadan prayers". Star-Tribune. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  7. ^ a b "CAIR-MN welcomes conviction in Islamophobic shooting of Somali-American Muslims". Asian American Press. 14 May 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  8. ^ "Suspect of believed hate crime shooting near U of M charged". Fox News 9 (local). July 24, 2009. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  9. ^ Schreiber, Eliana (27 July 2016). "Charges filed against Anthony Sawina in alleged Dinkytown hate crime". Minnesota Daily. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  10. ^ a b Revez, Rachel (July 25, 2016). "Man faces up to 7 years for shooting Muslims on their way to prayer". The Independent. Retrieved July 26, 2016.
  11. ^ Williams, Brandt (9 May 2017). "Trial for shooting of Somali men in Dinkytown off to jury". Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  12. ^ "Anthony Sawina convicted of shooting Somali-Americans". Al Jazeera English. 12 May 2017. Retrieved 16 May 2017.
  13. ^ Yousafzai, Salman (2017-06-13). "Man who shot at Somalis in Dinkytown gets 39-year prison term". Star Tribune. Retrieved 2018-12-17.
  14. ^ Williams, Brandt. "Court of appeals hears arguments on Sawina sentence". www.mprnews.org. Retrieved 2018-12-17.
  15. ^ Hudson, Bill (June 30, 2016). "MPD: Shooting Near U Of M Was 'Bias Motivated'". CBS News. Retrieved 15 May 2017.