This page uses content from Wikipedia and is licensed under CC BY-SA.

2016 Davao City bombing

2016 Davao City bombing
Part of the Moro conflict
Roxas Night Market bombing memorial.jpg
Memorial unveiled dedicated to the victims of the bombing.
Davao City is located in Philippines
Davao City
Davao City
Davao City (Philippines)
LocationRoxas Night Market, Roxas Avenue Davao City, Philippines
Coordinates7°11′27″N 125°27′19″E / 7.1907°N 125.4553°E / 7.1907; 125.4553
DateSeptember 2, 2016
22:17[1] (PST)
TargetCivilians
Attack type
Bombings
WeaponsImprovised explosive device
Deaths15
Non-fatal injuries
70
PerpetratorsIslamic State of Iraq and the Levant Maute Group

A bombing at a night market occurred in Davao City, Southern Philippines, on September 2, 2016, causing at least 14 deaths and 70 injuries.[1] On September 13, 2016, one of those injured, a pregnant woman, died, bringing the death toll up to 15.[2]

Militant Islamic group Abu Sayyaf reportedly claimed responsibility for the bombing but later denied responsibility, claiming that their allies, the Daulat Ul-Islamiya, were responsible for the incident as a show of sympathy to the group. Disgruntled vendors are also being considered as possible perpetrators.

On October 2, 2016, three of the ten suspects were arrested. The arrested are linked to the Maute Group which has ties with the Abu Sayyaf.

Background

On August 28, 2016, President Rodrigo Duterte ordered the Armed Forces of the Philippines to destroy Abu Sayyaf,[3] after the bandit group beheaded an 18-year-old boy on 22 August 2016, when the victim's family failed to pay ransom.[4]

On July 7, 2016, Davao City Vice Mayor Paolo Duterte announced that Davao City is facing threats from terror group ISIS, prompting authorities to increase security in the area.[5] He however got criticized for such announcement. After the night market bombing, Duterte admitted he received a bomb threat two days before the incident stating that an attack will occur either in General Santos or Davao City. Duterte opted not to release the info to the public, citing that the bomb threat also told him not to publicize the threat.[6]

Davao City Mayor Sara Duterte-Carpio had previously ordered the popular night market to be closed due to "a number of violations and complaints".[7] It however reopened on 13 August following meetings with the vendors and provided that all vendors follow stricter rules set by the city government.[8]

Attacks

The bombing took place around 22:17 PST at a night market along Roxas Avenue in the city's central business district, some 100 meters from the main campus of the Ateneo de Davao University.[1] Davao City Vice Mayor Paolo Duterte issued a statement shortly after the attacks to confirm the report on the number of casualties. He also said it was too early to tell who may be behind the explosion and assured the public that the authorities are on top of the incident.[9]

At the Command Conference of the Police Region Office 11 in Davao the night following the incident, Philippine National Police Director General Ronald dela Rosa confirmed that the Davao blast was a terror attack and that an improvised explosive device was used.[10]

Suspected perpetrators

The Islamist militant group Abu Sayyaf, through its spokesman, reportedly claimed responsibility for the alleged bombing as it called on the mujahideen in the country to unite against the Armed Forces of the Philippines.[11] The group later denied the reports by saying that it was their allies, the Daulat Ul-Islamiya responsible for the explosion saying that the Daulat's actions was to sympathize with the Abu Sayyaf. Its spokesman said that the attacks will not stop unless Duterte were to adopt the hadith as law of the country and he himself seek conversion to Islam.[12]

Before the attack, the terrorist group reportedly vowed retaliation against the Philippine government for launching a major offensive against it recently in Sulu.[9]

The City Government of Davao has offered 3 million pesos bounty for the eventual arrest of the perpetrators.[13] Two million pesos will be given for those who can give information on the whereabouts of the bombing suspects, while another 1 million pesos will be given for those who can arrest and bring the suspects to the authorities.[14]

Individuals

The Philippine National Police's investigation remarked the similarities of the IED used in the bombing to the one used by Abdul Manap Mentang at the 2005 Valentine's Day bombings which was also detonated at the night market. Like in the 2005 bombings, the 2016 bombings used an IED is a mortar shell and fitted with a remote detonator. This finding caused the police to suspect that Mentang, who was at large at the time of the explosion, may be directly involved in the 2016 bombings.[15]

As of 5 September, the PNP had three "persons of interest" in connection with the bombings based from testimonies from witnesses. One of these three persons is a medium-built male in his 40s who was seen leaving a bag under a massage table. The two other persons of interest are female.[15]

On October 4, 2016, three men[16] who are linked to the Maute Group were arrested through the joint efforts of the police and armed forces and were presented to the media on October 7. The men were TJ Tagadaya Macabalang, Wendel Apostol Facturan, and Musali Mustapha. Defence Secretary Delfin Lorenzana said that the Maute Group has already established links with the Abu Sayaff and that there are "indications" that the group is aligning themselves with ISIS. There are seven other suspects which were yet to be arrested.[17]

Reactions

Domestic

Government
President Rodrigo Duterte visits a bombing victim at the Southern Philippines Medical Center on September 3, 2016

The Philippine National Police has placed all of its units nationwide under full alert following the attack[18] while the Davao City Police Office has also set up a hotline specifically for use of the victims' relatives.[19]

President Rodrigo Duterte declared a "state of emergency on account of lawless violence" in the Philippines as the whole city of Davao was placed on lockdown.[20] Under the declaration, the Armed Forces of the Philippines are given the authority to conduct law enforcement operations normally done by the Philippine National Police, but unlike martial law, the writ of habeas corpus is not suspended.[21] While no nationwide curfew has been imposed, residents were advised to stay indoors as police and soldiers set up checkpoints and search vehicles and houses.[20] Duterte also cancelled a scheduled state visit to Brunei that would have taken place from 4 to 5 September.[22]

Non-state parties

On 4 September 2016, the Communist Party of the Philippines has accused the United States of instigating the bomb attack. In a statement, Siegfried Red of the CPP's Southern Mindanao Regional Party Committee claimed Washington planned the bombing to derail the peace talks between communists and the Duterte administration.[23] The communist group has accused the Central Intelligence Agency in particular with collaborating with critics of the peace talks, ultra-rightists groups linked to the Armed Forces of the Philippines, and drug lords.[15]

International

States

The United States through the US National Security Council expressed readiness to coordinate with local authorities regarding the investigation of the incident and offered condolences to the relatives of the victims of the blast.[24] Australia,[25] Brunei,[26] Cambodia,[27] China,[28] France,[29] Indonesia,[30] Japan,[31] Malaysia,[32] Singapore,[33] South Korea,[34] Spain[35] and Vietnam[36] also expressed their condolences and condemning the attack.[37] Similarly, Israel, through their embassy in the country expressed condolences to the victims and wishes speedy recovery to the injured.[38]

The governments of Canada, China, Singapore, Taiwan, United Kingdom and United States issued travel warnings to its citizens,[29][39] while Australia reiterated its travel warning in the area.[25]

Others

Human rights group Amnesty International acknowledged the tragedy and extended its condolences to the victims.[40]

Facebook activated its Safety Check feature hours after the bombing.[41]

Other bombings

Two separate bomb attacks struck North Cotabato and South Cotabato provinces on Saturday.[42][43]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Julliane Love de Jesus (September 8, 2016). "Davao blast suspect identified, Bato says". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  2. ^ Ben O. Tesiorna (September 13, 2016). "Pregnant Davao bombing victim dies in hospital; death toll rises to 15". CNN Philippines. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
  3. ^ Elena L. Aben (August 28, 2016). "Destroy Abu Sayyaf, Duterte orders gov't security forces". Manila Bulletin. Archived from the original on September 3, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  4. ^ Cynthia D. Balana (August 26, 2016). "Abus behead teenage captive". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  5. ^ Katrina Domingo and Ara Casas (July 7, 2016). "Davao under threat from terror group ISIS, says Duterte son". ABS-CBN. Retrieved July 7, 2016.
  6. ^ Karlos Manlupig (September 3, 2016). "Vice Mayor Duterte got info on bomb threat 2 days ago". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  7. ^ "Inday Sara orders closure of Davao night market". The Philippine Star. August 3, 2016. Retrieved September 2, 2016.
  8. ^ Ace June Rell S. Perez (August 15, 2016). "Roxas night market re-opens". Sun Star. Retrieved September 2, 2016.
  9. ^ a b Karlos Manlupig (September 2, 2016). "At least 10 dead, dozens wounded in Davao night market blast". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  10. ^ B. Cupin (September 3, 2016). "PNP chief: IED caused Davao blast". Rappler. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  11. ^ P. Esmaquel (September 3, 2016). "Abu Sayyaf claims responsibility for Davao blast – report". Rappler. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  12. ^ Allan Nawal; Julie Alipala; Karlos Manlupig (September 3, 2016). "Abu Sayyaf disowns Davao explosion, says ally was behind attack". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  13. ^ "Davao City Government ups bounty to P3M". Sun.Star Davao. September 9, 2016. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
  14. ^ Ina Andolong (September 5, 2016). "Sara Duterte offers ₱2-million reward for arrest of Davao blast perpetrators". CNN Philippines. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  15. ^ a b c Allan Nawal; Karlos Manlupig (September 5, 2016). "Davao City bomb 'similar' to 2005 Ecoland IED – PNP chief". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  16. ^ "3 Davao Bombing Suspects Captured – All Tied to Abu Sayyaf". Philippines Lifestyle News. October 8, 2016. Retrieved December 13, 2016.
  17. ^ Kimberly Tan. "'Maute Group' men arrested over Davao City blast". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved October 7, 2016.
  18. ^ Julliane Love de Jesus (September 3, 2016). "'Bato' places PNP on full alert nationwide after Davao explosion". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  19. ^ "Davao police provides hotline number for families of Davao blast victims". GMA News. September 3, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  20. ^ a b "Duterte declares state of lawlessness in PH". Rappler. September 3, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  21. ^ "Government clarifies state of lawlessness order". Sun Star. September 3, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  22. ^ Patricia Lourdes Viray (September 3, 2016). "Duterte cancels Brunei trip after Davao blast". The Philippine Star. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  23. ^ "Reds blame US for Davao bombing". ABS-CBN News. September 4, 2016. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  24. ^ Nestor Corrales (September 3, 2016). "US ready to aid PH in Davao explosion probe". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  25. ^ a b "US, Australia condole with victims of Davao explosion". Rappler. September 3, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
  26. ^ Rabiatul Kamit (September 4, 2016). "HM sends condolences to Philippine president". The Brunei Times. Archived from the original on September 4, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  27. ^ "Cambodian PM strongly condemns terrorist attack in Philippines". Xinhua News Agency. China.org.cn. September 5, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  28. ^ "Xi Jinping Sends Message of Condolences to Philippine President over the Terrorist Bombing in the Country". Embassy of China in Ghana. September 6, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  29. ^ a b Pia Lee-Brago (September 5, 2016). "EU, France condemn bombing; travel alerts out". The Philippine Star. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  30. ^ "No Indonesian Casualties Reported in Philippine Bomb Blast". Jakarta Globe. Archived from the original on September 5, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  31. ^ "Message From Prime Minister Shinzo Abe to President Duterte on the Bombing Incident". Embassy of Japan in the Philippines. September 3, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  32. ^ "Malaysia condemns Davao City attack". Bernama. The Malay Mail. September 3, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  33. ^ "Singapore condemns Davao bombing". The Straits Times. September 4, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  34. ^ "S. Korea condemns terrorist attack in Davao City, Philippines". Yonhap News Agency. September 5, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  35. ^ Michael Joe T. Delizo (September 6, 2016). "Spain, UN condemn Davao attack". The Manila Times. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  36. ^ "Vietnam strongly condemns bomb attack in southern Philippines". Vietnam News Agency. Vietnam Net. September 5, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  37. ^ Dana Sioson (September 6, 2016). "UN, foreign governments condemn Davao bombing". Asian Journal. Archived from the original on September 8, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  38. ^ "Israel in the Philippines – Timeline – Facebook".
  39. ^  • Estrella Torres (September 3, 2016). "Davao bombing prompts warnings on travel to PH". Philippine Daily Inquirer. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
     • "China Embassy Issues Travel Warning Amid Recent Blast in Philippines". Sputnik News. September 5, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
     • "Yellow travel alert issued for Philippines' Davao". China News Agency. The China Post. September 4, 2016. Retrieved September 8, 2016.
  40. ^ Karmela Tordecilla (September 3, 2016). "Senators, U.S. condemn Davao blast". CNN Philippines. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  41. ^ Pia Garcia (September 3, 2016). "Facebook's 'Safety Check' enabled after Davao blast". CNN Philippines. Retrieved September 4, 2016.
  42. ^ "2 blasts jolt Mindanao after Davao bombing". ABS-CBN News. September 4, 2016. Retrieved September 6, 2016.
  43. ^ "Two blasts hit Mindanao after Davao City bombing — reports". Philippine Daily Inquirer. September 4, 2016. Retrieved September 6, 2016.