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1992 anti-war protests in Sarajevo

Anti-war protests in Sarajevo
Part of the unrest in SR Bosnia and Herzegovina
Anti-war protests in Sarajevo 1992.jpg
Thousands of protesters in front of the parliament building.
Date5 – 6 April 1992
Location
Caused by
  • Bosnian Serb barricades set up around Sarajevo
  • Opposition to Serbian nationalist militias
  • Opposition to the pro-Yugoslav government
Goals
  • Military withdrawal of the JNA forces and SDS paramilitary troops from Bosnia and Herzegovina
Methods
Resulted inGovernment of the SR Bosnia and Herzegovina overthrown
Parties to the civil conflict
Lead figures
Number
  • 100,000 protesters
20 snipers
Casualties

On 5 April 1992, in response to events all over Bosnia and Herzegovina 100,000 people of all nationalities turned out for a peace rally in Sarajevo. Serb snipers in the iconic Holiday Inn hotel under the control of the Serbian Democratic Party in the heart of Sarajevo opened fire on the crowd killing six people and wounding several more. Suada Dilberović and an ethnic Croat woman Olga Sučić were in the first rows, protesting on the Vrbanja bridge at the time. The bridge on which Sučić and Dilberović were killed was renamed in their honor. Six Serb snipers were arrested, but were exchanged when the Serbs threatened to kill the commandant of the Bosnian police academy who was captured the previous day, after the Serbs took over the academy and arrested him.[1][2][3]

Testimony provided by former JNA General Aleksandar Vasiljević during the Slobodan Milosevic war crimes trial in The Hague contradicts the allegation that it was Serbian snipers who opened fire. The statements provided by Vasiljević turned out later to be false.[4]

Storming of the parliament building

After the protesters had no other choice, they decided to storm into the parliament building where they founded the so-called "Narodni parliament" (People's parliament), and where they offered everybody to make a two-minute speech on what should be done next in solving the siege problem. Many famous Sarajevans spoke to the full parliament main hall. The president of the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Alija Izetbegović also appeared and presented himself more as a citizen, rather than a president which brought loud cheering and applause. The atmosphere was at its highest point when the commander of the Special forces unit of the Ministry of Interior, Dragan Vikić appeared and told the audience: "To arm against the Serbian aggression".[5]

The spark that lit the flame

It is disputed between Bosniaks, Croats and Serbs who the first casualties of the Bosnian War are. Bosniaks and Croats consider the first casualties of the war to be Suada Dilberović and Olga Sučić.[6][7] Serbs consider Nikola Gardović, a groom's father who was killed at a Serb wedding procession on the second day of the referendum, on 1 March 1992 in Sarajevo's old town Baščaršija, to be the first victim of the war.[8]

References

  1. ^ "Sarajevo, 20 years on". Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  2. ^ Brendan O'Shea (January 2005). The Modern Yugoslave Conflict 1991-1995: Perception, Deception and Dishonesty. Routledge. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-415-35705-0. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  3. ^ Kemal Kurspahić (1 January 2003). Prime Time Crime: Balkan Media in War and Peace. US Institute of Peace Press. p. 99. ISBN 978-1-929223-39-8. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  4. ^ "Testimony of Aleksandar Vasiljevic, Slobodan Milosevic trial transcript". 17 February 2003. pp. 16235/16240. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  5. ^ (In Bosnian). "About Dragan Vikić". historija.ba. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  6. ^ "Video of the attack". radiosarajevo.ba. Archived from the original on 2013-05-11. Retrieved 26 April 2015.
  7. ^ Robert J. Donia (2006). Sarajevo: A Biography. University of Michigan Press. p. 284. ISBN 978-0-472-11557-0. Retrieved 22 July 2013.
  8. ^ "International Court of Justice: Case Concerning Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide" (PDF). Icj-cij.org. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-02-08. Retrieved 2013-10-26.