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1990 Asian Games

XI Asian Games
11th asiad.svg
Host cityBeijing, China
Nations participating36
Athletes participating6,122
Events308 in 27 sports
Opening ceremonySeptember 22
Closing ceremonyOctober 7
Officially opened byYang Shangkun
President of China
Officially closed byRoy de Silva
Acting President of Olympic Council of Asia
Athlete's OathChen Longcan
Torch lighterXu Haifeng,
Gao Min, and
Zhang Rongfang
Main venueWorkers Stadium
Seoul 1986 Hiroshima 1994  >

The 11th Asian Games (Chinese: 第十一届亚洲运动会), also known as the XI Asiad and the 11th Asian Games, were held from September 22 to October 7, 1990, in Beijing, China. This was the first Asian Games held in China.

The games served as a precursor to China's further development in the sporting arena, as the country went on to bid for the 2000 Summer Olympics (losing to Sydney) in 1993 and eventually won the bid for the 2008 Summer Olympics in 2001. China dominated the games, grabbing 60% of the gold medals and 34% of the total medal count.

This also marked Taiwan's first participation in the Asian Games as Chinese Taipei.

Bidding process

In 1983, two cities in Asia demonstrated interest to host the 1990 Asian Games, one was Beijing of China and the other was Hiroshima in Japan. The two appeared before the Olympic Council of Asia, during a meeting of the same, the following year in Seoul, that also served as a previous meeting to evaluate the preparations of the city for the next Asian Games and also for the 1988 Summer Olympics. Beijing eventually won the right to host the 1990 edition, while Hiroshima, when presenting an excellent technical level application, was ratified as the host of the 1994 Asian Games.[1]

34 votes were needed for selection.

1990 Asian Games bidding result
City Country Votes
Beijing  China 44
Hiroshima  Japan 23


To commemorate the 11th Asian Games, three different sets of stamps were issued in 1988, 1989 and 1990.[2]



The official mascot of this edition was PanPan, the panda.

Participating NOCs

National Olympic Committees (NOCs) are named according to their official IOC designations and arranged according to their official IOC country codes in 1990. Note that Iraq was suspended by the Olympic Council of Asia from participating at the Asian Games due to the Gulf War which also killed 1st OCA president Fahad Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah. Iraq would only returned to compete in the sporting event in 2006.[3]

Parade of Nations


Order Nation Chinese name Pinyin
1  Maldives (MDV) 马尔代夫 Mǎěrdàifū
2  Malaysia (MAS) 马来西亚 Mǎláixīyà
3  Yemen (YEM) 也门 Yěmén
4  Bhutan (BHU) 不丹 Bùdān
5  Japan (JPN) 日本 Rìběn
6  Brunei (BRU) 文莱 Wénlái
7  Bahrain (BRN) 巴林 Bālín
8  Qatar (QAT) 卡塔尔 Kǎtǎěr
9  India (IND) 印度 Yìndù
10  Indonesia (INA) 印度尼西亚 Yìndùníxīyà
11  Nepal (NEP) 尼泊尔 Níbóěr
12  Laos (LAO) 老挝 Lǎowō
13  Iran (IRI) 伊朗 Yīlǎng
14  Jordan (JOR) 约旦 Yuēdàn
15  Oman (OMA) 阿曼 Āmàn
16  Afghanistan (AFG) 阿富汗 Āfùhàn
17  United Arab Emirates (UAE) 阿联酋 Āliánqiú
18  Saudi Arabia (KSA) 沙特 Shātè
19  Bangladesh (BAN) 孟加拉国 Mèngjiālāguó
20  Kuwait (KUW) 科威特 Kēwēitè
21  Hong Kong (HKG) 香港 Xiānggǎng
22  Syria (SYR) 叙利亚 Xùlìyà
23  Thailand (THA) 泰国 Tàiguó
24  Philippines (PHI) 菲律宾 Fēilǜbīn
25  North Korea (PRK) 朝鲜 Cháoxiǎn
26  Sri Lanka (SRI) 斯里兰卡 Sīlǐ Lánkǎ
27  Vietnam (VIE) 越南 Yuènán


Demonstration sports


The following venues were used during the Games.[5]

Venue Sports
Workers' Stadium Ceremonies, Football (men)
Workers' Gymnasium Table tennis
Beijing Shooting Range Field Archery, Shooting
Beijing Golf Club Golf
Beijing Gymnasium Badminton
Beijing Sports University Gymnasium Boxing
Beijing International Tennis Center Tennis, Soft tennis
Beijing University Students' Gymnasium Basketball
Beijing Water Polo Pool Water polo
Capital Institute of Physical Education Stadium Kabaddi
Chaoyang Gymnasium Volleyball
Capital Indoor Stadium Gymnastics, Basketball, Volleyball
Changping Velodrome Cycling (track)
Ditan Gymnasium Weightlifting
Fengtai Gymnasium Sepak takraw
Fengtai Softball and Baseball Field Baseball, Softball
Fengtai Stadium Football (men)
Guangcai Gymnasium Fencing
Haidian Gymnasium Wushu
Haidian Stadium Football (women)
Jinhai Lake Sports Park Canoeing, Rowing
Olympic Sport Center Stadium Athletics
Olympic Sports Center Gymnasium Handball
Olympic Sports Center Hockey Field Field hockey
Qinhuangdao Marine Stadium Sailing
Shijingshan Stadium Football (women)
Shijingshan Gymnasium Wrestling
Xiannongtan Stadium Football (men)
Ying Tung Natatorium Diving, Swimming, Water polo
Yuetan Gymnasium Judo

Medal table

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, China, is highlighted.

  *   Host nation (China)

1 China (CHN)*18310751341
2 South Korea (KOR)545473181
3 Japan (JPN)386076174
4 North Korea (PRK)12313982
5 Iran (IRI)46818
6 Pakistan (PAK)41712
7 Indonesia (INA)362130
8 Qatar (QAT)3216
9 Thailand (THA)27817
10 Malaysia (MAS)2248
Totals (25 nations)310309357976


  1. ^ "The 11th Asian Games : Beijing, China". Hangzhou 2022 Official Website. 4 September 2018.
  2. ^ "1990 Asian Games (Welcome to by Tan Wei Jie)". Archived from the original on 2009-09-11. Retrieved 2009-09-09.
  3. ^ "Iraq booted from Asian Games".
  4. ^ XI Asian Games Beijing 1990 - Opening Ceremony 1/2
  5. ^ "经典回顾:1990年北京亚运会体育场馆". Retrieved 11 February 2019.
Preceded by
Asian Games

XI Asian Games (1990)
Succeeded by