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1990 Asian Games

XI Asian Games
11th asiad.png
Host cityBeijing, China
Nations participating36
Athletes participating6,122
Events308 in 27 sports
Opening ceremonySeptember 22
Closing ceremonyOctober 7
Officially opened byYang Shangkun
President of China
Officially closed byRoy de Silva
Acting President of Olympic Council of Asia
Athlete's OathChen Longcan
Torch lighterXu Haifeng,
Gao Min, and
Zhang Rongfang
Main venueWorkers Stadium
Seoul 1986 Hiroshima 1994  >

The 11th Asian Games (Chinese: 第十一届亚洲运动会), also known as the XI Asiad and the 11th Asian Games, were held from September 22 to October 7, 1990, in Beijing, China. This was the first Asian Games held in China.

The games served as a precursor to China's further development in the sporting arena, as the country went on to bid for the 2000 Summer Olympics (losing to Sydney) in 1993 and eventually won the bid for the 2008 Summer Olympics in 2001. China dominated the games, grabbing 60% of the gold medals and 34% of the total medal count.

This also marked Taiwan's first participation in the Asian Games as Chinese Taipei.

Bidding process

In 1983, two cities in Asia demonstrated interest to host the 1990 Asian Games, one was Beijing of China and the other was Hiroshima in Japan. The two appeared before the Olympic Council of Asia, during a meeting of the same, the following year in Seoul, that also served as a previous meeting to evaluate the preparations of the city for the next Asian Games and also for the 1988 Summer Olympics. Beijing eventually won the right to host the 1990 edition, while Hiroshima, when presenting an excellent technical level application, was ratified as the host of the 1994 Asian Games.[1]

34 votes were needed for selection.

1990 Asian Games bidding result
City Country Votes
Beijing  China 44
Hiroshima  Japan 23

Stamps

To commemorate the 11th Asian Games, three different sets of stamps were issued in 1988, 1989 and 1990.[2]

Mascot

Mascot

The official mascot of this edition was PanPan, the panda.

Participating NOCs

National Olympic Committees (NOCs) are named according to their official IOC designations and arranged according to their official IOC country codes in 1990.

Sports

Demonstration sports

Medal table

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, China, is highlighted.

  *   Host nation (China)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 China (CHN)*18310751341
2 South Korea (KOR)545473181
3 Japan (JPN)386076174
4 North Korea (PRK)12313982
5 Iran (IRI)46818
6 Pakistan (PAK)41712
7 Indonesia (INA)362130
8 Qatar (QAT)3216
9 Thailand (THA)27817
10 Malaysia (MAS)2248
11–25Remaining53369107
Totals (25 nations)310309357976

References

  1. ^ "The 11th Asian Games : Beijing, China". Hangzhou 2022 Official Website. 4 September 2018.
  2. ^ "1990 Asian Games (Welcome to tanwj.com by Tan Wei Jie)". Archived from the original on 2009-09-11. Retrieved 2009-09-09.