All 520 seats in the Bundestag
261 seats were needed for a majority
|Turnout||89.1% (voting eligible)|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
Federal elections were held in West Germany on 6 March 1983 to elect the members of the 10th Bundestag. The CDU/CSU alliance led by Helmut Kohl remained the largest faction in parliament, with Kohl remaining Chancellor.
In October 1982 CDU chairman Helmut Kohl was elected Chancellor by a CDU/CSU and FDP majority in the Bundestag, while the FDP in 1980 still was on the side of the SPD. Early elections were arranged. The SPD encountered difficulties because on the left a new party was emerging, the Greens.
A major issue in this election was the armament question after the NATO Double-Track Decision. It was the first election in 22 years that a party outside the Union, the SPD and the FDP gained seats in the Bundestag.
|Parties||Constituency||Party list||Total seats|
|Social Democratic Party (SPD)||15,686,033||40.4||−4.1||68||−59||14,865,807||38.2||−4.7||125||+34||202||−26||38.9|
|Christian Democratic Union (CDU)c||15,943,460||41.0||+5.4||136||+55||14,857,680||38.1||+3.9||55||−38||202||+17||38.9|
|Christian Social Union of Bavaria (CSU)c||4,318,800||11.1||+0.7||44||+4||4,140,865||10.6||+0.3||9||−3||53||+1||10.2|
|Free Democratic Party (FDP)||1,087,918||2.8||−4.4||0||±0||2,706,942||6.9||−3.7||34||−19||35||-19||6.7|
|National Democratic Party (NPD)||57,112||0.1||+0.1||0||±0||91,095||0.2||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|German Communist Party (DKP)||96,143||0.2||−0.1||0||±0||64,986||0.2||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|European Workers' Party (EAP)||7,491||0.0||±0||0||±0||14,966||0.0||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Ecological Democratic Party (ÖDP)||3,341||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||11,028||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Christian Bavarian People's Party (CBV)||2,068||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||10,994||0.0||±0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Communist Party of Germany (KPD)||–||–||–||–||–||3,431||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Independent Social Democrats (USD)||450||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||3,333||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|League of West German Communists (BWK)||686||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||2,129||0.0||+0.0||0||±0||0||±0||0|
|Electoral groups and independents||31,996||0.1||+0.1||0||±0||–||–||–||–||–||0||±0||0|
|Source: Federal Returning Officer|
The coalition between the CDU/CSU and the FDP returned to government, with Helmut Kohl as Chancellor. This was the first election in which the Greens secured representation in the Bundestag, and the first which saw a fourth (fifth) party in the parliament since 1960.