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The year 1939
1939 ( MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1939th year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 939th year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 39th year of the 20th century, and the 10th and last year of the 1930s decade.
This year also marks the start of the
Second World War, the largest and deadliest conflict in human history.
Below, the events of
World War II have the "WWII" prefix.
January 3 – EFE, a news agency based in Madrid, Spain, is officially founded as a limited company. 
January 5 – Pioneering US aviator Amelia Earhart is officially declared dead, eighteen months after her disappearance. 
January 6 – publishes evidence that Naturwissenschaften nuclear fission has been achieved by Otto Hahn.
January 13 – Black Friday: 71 people die across Victoria in one of Australia's worst ever bushfires. 
January 14 – Norway claims Queen Maud Land in Antarctica. 
January 23 – "Dutch War Scare": Admiral Wilhelm Canaris of the leaks misinformation to the effect that Germany plans to invade the Netherlands in February, with the aim of using Dutch air-fields to launch a strategic bombing offensive against Britain. The "Dutch War Scare" leads to a major change in British policies towards Europe. Abwehr
January 24 – 1939 Chillán earthquake: An earthquake in Chile kills 30,000 and razes about 50,000 sq mi (130,000 km 2).
January 25 – Refik Saydam forms the new (11th) government of Turkey.
Spanish Civil War: Spanish Nationalist troops, aided by Italy, take Barcelona. In Paris, French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet, in response to rumours (which are true) that he is seeking to end the French alliance system in Eastern Europe, gives a speech highlighting his government's commitment to the . cordon sanitaire
January 27 – Adolf Hitler orders Plan Z, a 5-year naval expansion programme intended to provide for a huge German fleet capable of crushing the Royal Navy by 1944. The is given the first priority on the allotment of German economic resources. Kriegsmarine January 30 – Hitler gives a speech before the calling for an "export battle" to increase German foreign exchange holdings. The same speech also sees Reichstag Hitler's "prophecy", where he warns that if "Jewish financiers" start a war against Germany, "the result will be the annihilation of the Jewish race in Europe".
March – The 1936–39 Arab revolt in Palestine ends.
March 1 – An Imperial Japanese Army ammunition dump explosion on the outskirts of Osaka kills 94.
March 2 – Pope Pius XII (Cardinal Pacelli) succeeds Pope Pius XI as the 260th pope.
Bombay, Mahatma Gandhi begins a fast, protesting against British rule in India. Students at
Harvard University demonstrate the new tradition of swallowing goldfish to reporters. In Durban, South Africa the Timeless Test begins between England and South Africa, the longest game of cricket ever played. It is abandoned 12 days later, when the English team has to catch their ship home.
March 14 – The Slovak provincial assembly proclaims independence; priest Jozef Tiso becomes president of the independent Slovak government.
March 15 – German troops occupy the remaining part of Bohemia and Moravia; Czechoslovakia ceases to exist. The Ruthenian region of Czechoslovakia declares independence as Carpatho-Ukraine.
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain gives a speech in Birmingham, stating that Britain will oppose any effort at world domination on the part of Germany. The nationalist governments of Spain and Portugal sign the Iberian Pact in Lisbon, pledging mutual defence of the Iberian Peninsula and neutrality in the event of a general European war.
March 18 – "Romanian War Scare": Virgil Tilea, the Romanian Minister in London, spreads false rumours that Romania is on the verge of a German attack.
March 21 – Aleister Crowley's Eight Lectures on Yoga is published by the Ordo Templi Orientis in London.
March 23 – The Slovak–Hungarian War begins.
March 26 – Final offensive of the Spanish Civil War launched by the Nationalists.
March 27 – The University of Oregon defeats Ohio State University 46–33 in Evanston, Illinois, to win the championship of the first NCAA men's basketball tournament.
Francisco Franco assumes power in Madrid, remaining in power until his death in 1975. American adventurer Richard Halliburton delivers a last message from a Chinese junk, before he disappears on a voyage across the Pacific Ocean. In 1945, some wreckage identified as a rudder, and believed to belong to the junk, washes ashore in San Diego, California. March 31 – Neville Chamberlain gives a speech in the House of Commons, offering the British "guarantee" of the independence of Poland.
Spanish Civil War comes to an end when the last of the Republican forces surrender. The rumor that Hitler is dead sweeps the United States, as millions of CBS radio listeners hear the Führer cut off in mid-speech during a shortwave relay of his address, at the dedication of the in Tirpitz Wilhelmshaven. 
Adolf Hitler orders the German military to start planning for Fall Weiß, the codename for the invasion of Poland. Refik Saydam forms the new government in Turkey (12th government; Refik Saydam has served twice as a prime minister).
Faisal II becomes King of Iraq at age 3, following the death of his father, Ghazi, in an automobile incident. The
Slovak–Hungarian War ends, with Slovakia ceding eastern territories to Hungary. Polish Foreign Minister Colonel Józef Beck, in London, signs a treaty designed to bilateralize Neville Chamberlain's "Polish Guarantee" of March 31.
April 9 – African-American singer Marian Anderson performs before 75,000 people at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., after having been denied the use both of Constitution Hall by the Daughters of the American Revolution, and of a public high school by the federally controlled District of Columbia. First Lady of the United States Eleanor Roosevelt resigns from the DAR because of their decision.
April 11 – Hungary leaves the League of Nations.
April 13 – Britain offers a "guarantee" to Romania and Greece.
John Steinbeck's novel is first published, in the United States. The Grapes of Wrath At a meeting in Paris, French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet meets with Soviet Ambassador Jakob Suritz, and suggests that a "peace front" comprising France, the Soviet Union, Great Britain, Poland and Romania would deter Germany from war.
April 20 – Billie Holiday records " Strange Fruit", the first anti-lynching song, in the United States.
April 25 – The Federal Security Agency (FSA) is founded in the United States, along with the Civilian Conservation Corps and Public Health Service.
April 27 – Ely Racecourse in Cardiff closes.
April 28 – In a speech before the Reichstag, Adolf Hitler renounces the Anglo-German Naval Agreement and the German–Polish Non-Aggression Pact. April 30 – The 1939 New York World's Fair opens.
May 1 – Batman, created by Bill Finger and Bob Kane, makes his first appearance in #27. Detective Comics
May 2 – Major League Baseball's Lou Gehrig, the legendary Yankee first baseman known as "The Iron Horse", ends his 2,130 consecutive games-played streak, after being diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. The record stands for 56 years, before Cal Ripken Jr. plays 2,131 consecutive games.
May 6 – Carl Friedrich Goerdeler tells the British government that the German and Soviet governments are secretly beginning a rapprochement, with the aim of dividing Eastern Europe between them. Goerdeler also informs the British of German economic problems which he states threaten the survival of the Nazi regime, and advises that if a firm stand is made for Poland, then Hitler will be deterred from war.
May 9 – Spain leaves the League of Nations.
May 14 – Lina Medina, a 5-year-old Peruvian girl, gives birth to a baby boy, becoming the youngest confirmed mother in medical history.
May 18 – The Hòa Hảo religious sect is established in Vietnam, by Huỳnh Phú Sổ.
May 20 – Pan American Airways begins transatlantic mail service with the inaugural flight of its Boeing 314 flying boat Yankee Clipper from Port Washington, New York, to Marseille. 
May 22 – Germany and Italy sign the Pact of Steel. 
May 24 – The first issue of is published in Fashizmi Tirana, Albania. May 29 – Albanian fascist leader Tefik Mborja is appointed as member of the Italian Chamber of Fasces and Corporations.
June 3 – The Soviet government offers its definition of what constitutes "aggression", upon which the projected Anglo-Soviet-French alliance will come into effect. French Foreign Minister Georges Bonnet accepts the Soviet definition of aggression at once. The British reject the Soviet definition, especially the concept of "indirect aggression", which they feel is too loose a definition, and phrased in such a manner as to imply the Soviet right of inference in the internal affairs of Eastern European nations.
June 4 – The , a ship carrying a cargo of 907 Jewish refugees, is denied permission to land in St. Louis Florida, after already having been turned away from Cuba. Forced to return to Europe, many of its passengers later die in Nazi death camps during The Holocaust.
June 6 – The first Little League Baseball game is played in Williamsport, Pennsylvania.
June 10 – MGM's first successful animated character, Barney Bear, makes his debut in . However, it is not until 1942 that his name is adopted. The Bear That Couldn't Sleep
June 12 – The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum is officially dedicated in Cooperstown, New York.
June 14 – Tientsin Incident: The Japanese blockade the British concession in Tianjin, China, beginning a crisis which almost causes an Anglo-Japanese war in the summer of 1939.
June 17 – In the last public guillotining in France, murderer Eugen Weidmann is executed.
June 21 – The New York Yankees announce Lou Gehrig's retirement, after doctors reveal he has amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.
June 23 – Talks are completed in Ankara between French Ambassador René Massigli and Turkish Foreign Minister Şükrü Saracoğlu, resolving the Hatay dispute in Turkey's favor. Turkey annexes Hatay.
June 24 – The government of Siam changes its name to Thailand, which means 'Free Land'.  June 29 – The Ford 9N tractor, with the Ferguson hydraulic three-point hitch, is first demonstrated at Dearborn, Michigan. 
August 2 – The Einstein–Szilárd letter is signed, advising President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt of the potential use of uranium to construct an atomic bomb.
August 4 – Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain dismisses the Parliament of the United Kingdom until October 3.
August 15 – MGM's classic musical film , based on The Wizard of Oz L. Frank Baum's famous novel, and starring Judy Garland as Dorothy, premieres at Grauman's Chinese Theatre in Hollywood.
August 19 – Adolf Hitler, after evaluating the pace of non-aggression negotiations with the Soviet Union, orders the Kriegsmarine to begin the opening operations for , the invasion of Poland. The Fall Weiß German pocket battleship , along with the Admiral Graf Spee German pocket battleship , as well as dozens of U-boats, cast off for their advance positions. Hitler spends the next few days worrying that the Russians will not come to terms in time for the rest of the invasion plans to unfold as scheduled. Deutschland 
August 20 – Armored forces under the command of Soviet General Georgy Zhukov deliver a decisive defeat to Imperial Japanese Army forces in the Japanese-Soviet border war in Inner Mongolia.
August 23 – The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact is signed between Germany and the Soviet Union, a neutrality treaty that also agrees to division of spheres of influence (Finland, Estonia, Latvia, eastern Poland and Bessarabia (modern-day Moldova), north-east province of Romania to the Soviet Union; Lithuania and western Poland to Germany). Its annex reassigns Lithuania to the Soviet Union.
August 24 – As details of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact become public, British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain recalls the Parliament of the United Kingdom several weeks early. In a burst of legislation, the Emergency Powers (Defence) Act 1939 gives full authority to defence regulations, the British Royal Navy is to be put on a war footing, all military leave is to be cancelled, military reserve forces are to be called up, especially coast defence, radar and anti-aircraft units, and Civil Defence workers are placed on alert. In addition, the last British and French private citizens in Germany are advised to return home by their respective Governments.
The German Foreign Ministry cuts off all telegraph and telephone communication with the outside world, in accordance with the plan for
. At approximately 1830 Central European time, Adolf Hitler postpones Fall Weiß Fall Weiss for 5 days, after receiving a message from Benito Mussolini that he will not honor the Pact of Steel if Germany attacks Poland, and because Chamberlain's government has not fallen as a result of the German-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact. Some units already in their forward positions (the attack is scheduled for 0430 the next day) do not get the word in time and attack various targets along the border. That same day, Neville Chamberlain gives Edward Rydz-Śmigły his "ironclad guarantee" of assistance if Poland is attacked by Germany.
1939 Coventry bombing: An Irish Republican Army bomb explodes in the centre of Coventry, England, killing 5 people. MGM's classic musical film , based on The Wizard of Oz L. Frank Baum's famous novel, and starring Judy Garland as Dorothy, is released in theaters everywhere.
August 27 – A Heinkel He 178, the first turbojet-powered aircraft, flies for the first time, with Captain Erich Warsitz in command.
August 28 – The SS heads into Normandie New York Harbor, where she will be interned on September 3, and cut up for scrap, beginning in 1946.
August 30 – Poland begins a mobilization against Nazi Germany. August 31 – Operation Himmler: Nazi German troops posing as Poles stage a series of false flag operations on the border (including the Gleiwitz incident), giving a pretext for the invasion of Poland.
Common parade of Wehrmacht and Red Army in Brest at the end of the Invasion of Poland. At the center Major General
September 1 – Beginning of WWII:
Opening shots of
World War II and invasion of Poland: At 4:45am Central European Time, under cover of darkness, the German WWI-era battleship quietly slips her moorings at her wharf in Danzig Harbor, drifts into the center of the channel, and commences firing on a Polish military installation on Schleswig-Holstein Westerplatte at the northeastern mouth of the port of the internationalized Free City of Danzig, beginning the Battle of Westerplatte and Battle of Danzig Bay. Five minutes previously, the bombing of Wieluń in the western part of Poland had commenced, beginning the Battle of the Border. Shock-troops of the German Wehrmacht begin crossing the border into Poland. The
Reichstag passes a statement, stating that Adolf Hitler's second-in-command Reichsmarschall Hermann Göring should be appointed as Hitler's successor as Führer, should Hitler die during the war. Rudolf Hess is to be appointed in Göring's place, should anything befall Göring. Britain and France deliver ultimatums to Germany. Norway, Finland, Sweden and Switzerland declare their neutrality. U.S. President
Franklin D. Roosevelt states that "every effort" would be made by his administration to stay out of the war. Italy is advised that Germany does not expect to need its military support at present.   General George C. Marshall becomes Chief of Staff of the United States Army.
September 2 – WWII:
Following the invasion of Poland, the Free City of Danzig (modern-day
Gdańsk, Poland) is annexed to Nazi Germany. Spain and Ireland declare their neutrality.
September 3 – WWII:
The United Kingdom, France, New Zealand, Australia and India (by its
Viceroy) declare war on Nazi Germany. Prime Minister of Canada Mackenzie King, in English, and Justice Minister Ernest Lapointe, in French, give an international radio address stating the Dominion's intention to declare war also.   United States President
Franklin D. Roosevelt advocates neutrality, in a nationwide radio address.
Ocean liner SS becomes the first British civilian casualty of the war, when she is Athenia torpedoed and sunk by German submarine in the eastern Atlantic. Of the 1,418 aboard, 98 passengers and 19 crew are killed. U-30 Chamberlain offers the war cabinet post of First Lord of the Admiralty to Winston Churchill, who returns to government for the first time since June 4, 1929. 
September 4 – WWII:
September 5 – WWII: The United States declares its neutrality in the war. 
September 6 – WWII: South Africa declares war on Germany.  September 8
WWII: Forward elements of General Hoeppner's XVI Panzerkorps take up positions outside
Warsaw. The world is stunned by the rapidity of the German advance, and the Polish High Command is effectively isolated, but lack of infantry support and effective civilian resistance cause Hoeppner to halt outside the city itself. WWII:
Battle of Westerplatte ends when Polish troops on the Westerplatte are forced by lack of food and ammunition to surrender. The garrison of about two hundred had held out against thousands of German forces (many of them naval officer cadets from ) for seven days. Schleswig-Holstein  The Little Sisters of Jesus is founded in Algeria, by Little Sister Magdeleine.
September 9 – WWII: Troops of the Polish Poznań Army under the command of General Kutrzeba open the Battle of the Bzura, the largest and best organized counter-attack mounted by the Polish forces in the campaign of 1939. For the first few days all goes well, and the Germans are forced to retreat; but quick reaction by mechanized units and the Luftwaffe soon take their toll, and the operation bogs down.
September 10 – WWII: Canada declares war on Germany, the only declaration of war by Canada.
September 13– 14 – WWII: Zambrów massacre – German Wehrmacht soldiers shoot more than 200 Polish prisoners of war.
September 15 – WWII: Diverse elements of the German Wehrmacht surround Warsaw, and demand its surrender. The Poles refuse, and the siege begins in earnest.
September 16 – A ceasefire ends the Battles of Khalkhin Gol, the undeclared border war between the Soviet Union (and Mongolian allies) and Japan.
September 17 – WWII:
September 18 – WWII: : Polish submarine ORP Orzeł incident Orzeł escapes internment from Tallinn Harbour, Estonia, leading both the Soviet Union and Germany to question Estonia's neutrality.
September 19 – WWII: The Poznan pocket collapses, and the Germans capture, according to many sources, over 150,000 men. Many elements of General Tadeusz Kutrzeba's forces work their way into Warsaw, under extreme difficulty.
September 22 – WWII: A joint victory parade is staged by the Wehrmacht and Red Army in Brest-Litovsk, at the end of the Invasion of Poland.
September 24 – WWII: The Soviet Union issues an ultimatum to Estonia to allow Soviet military bases on its territory, which Estonia accepts on September 28. Similar ultimatums are issued to Latvia on October 5 and to Lithuania on October 10, who are forced to accept them as well.
September 28 – WWII:
September 29 – Gerald J. Cox, speaking at an American Water Works Association meeting, becomes the first person to publicly propose the fluoridation of public water supplies in the United States. September 30 – General Władysław Sikorski becomes Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile.
October 6 – WWII: The Battle of Kock ends the Polish Campaign. Polish resistance moves underground. 
October 7 – WWII: British Royal Navy cruiser HMS departs Emerald Plymouth in convoy for Halifax, Nova Scotia, carrying £2M in gold bar to be used for purchase of military materiel in North America, a predecessor of Operation Fish. 
October 11 – The Einstein–Szilárd letter is delivered to President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt, advising of the potential use of uranium to construct an atomic bomb, leading to the Manhattan Project.
October 14 – German submarine sinks the British battleship U-47 HMS at anchor in Royal Oak Scapa Flow (Scotland), with the loss of 833 crew.
October 15 – The New York Municipal Airport (later renamed LaGuardia Airport) is dedicated.
October 17 – premieres in Washington, D.C. Mr. Smith Goes to Washington
October 21 – The first meeting of the U.S. Advisory Committee on Uranium is held under Lyman James Briggs, authorized by President Roosevelt to oversee neutron experiments, a precursor of the Manhattan Project.
October 22 – In the first televised NFL football game, the Brooklyn Dodgers (NFL) defeat the Philadelphia Eagles 23–14 at Ebbets Field.
October 24 – Nylon stockings go on sale for the first time anywhere in Wilmington, Delaware. October 25 – , a drama by The Time of Your Life William Saroyan, debuts in New York City.
Lebensborn: Policy of kidnapping of children by Nazi Germany initiated in occupied Poland.
November 1– 2 – WWII: Physicist Hans Ferdinand Mayer writes the Oslo Report on German weapons systems, and passes it to the British Secret Intelligence Service.
November 4 – WWII: U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt orders the United States Customs Service to implement the Neutrality Act of 1939, allowing cash-and-carry purchases of weapons to non-belligerent nations.
November 4 – Stewart Menzies is appointed head of the British Secret Intelligence Service.
November 9 – WWII: Venlo Incident: Two British agents of SIS are captured by the Germans.
November 14 – Pedro Nolasco Cruz Vergara, Chilean literary critic, novelist, writer, and political (b. 1857)
November 14 – In Washington, D.C., U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt lays the cornerstone of the Jefferson Memorial.
November 16 – Al Capone is released from Alcatraz, due to deteriorating health caused by syphilis.
November 17 – WWII: To punish protests against the Nazi occupation of the Czech homeland, the Nazis storm the University of Prague and murder 9 Czech graduate students, send over 1,200 to concentration camps, and close all Czech universities, an event which will be commemorated as International Students' Day.
November 23 – WWII: British armed merchantman HMS is sunk in the Rawalpindi GIUK gap, in an action against the German battleships and Scharnhorst . Gneisenau
November 26 – Shelling of Mainila: The Soviet Union's Red Army shells the Russian village of Mainila, then claims that the fire originated from Finland, giving a for the casus belli Winter War. November 30 – WWII:
December 2 – LaGuardia Airport opens for business in New York City.
December 4 – WWII:
WWII: The first soldier of the
British Expeditionary Force is killed; Corporal Thomas Priday triggers a French land mine. Hugh Harman's animated short Christmas film is released by MGM in the United States. Peace on Earth
December 12 – WWII: HMS sinks after a collision with Duchess HMS off the coast of Scotland, with the loss of 124 men. Barham
December 13 – WWII – Battle of the River Plate: The German heavy cruiser is trapped by cruisers Admiral Graf Spee HMS , Ajax HMNZS , and Achilles HMS after a running battle off the coast of Exeter Uruguay. Graf Spee is scuttled by its crew off Montevideo Harbor, on December 17.
December 14 – WWII – Winter War: The League of Nations expels the USSR for attacking Finland.
December 15 – The epic historical romance film , starring Gone with the Wind Vivien Leigh, Clark Gable, Olivia de Havilland and Leslie Howard, premieres at Loew's Grand Theatre in Atlanta. Based on Margaret Mitchell's best-selling novel of 1936, it is the longest American film made up to this date (at nearly four hours) and rapidly becomes the highest-grossing film up to this time.
December 18 – WWII – Battle of the Heligoland Bight: RAF Bomber Command, on a daylight mission to attack ships in the Kriegsmarine Heligoland Bight, is repulsed by Luftwaffe fighter aircraft.
December 22 – The second cel-animated feature film and the first produced by an American studio other than Walt Disney Productions, (by Gulliver's Travels Fleischer Studios, and very loosely based upon the book by Jonathan Swift), is released.
December 26 – Miners strike in Borinage, Belgium. December 27 – The 7.8 M w Erzincan earthquake shakes eastern Turkey with a maximum Mercalli intensity of XII ( Extreme), causing $20 million in damage, and leaving 32,700–32,968 dead.
January 1 – Ali Mahdi Muhammad, Somali entrepreneur, politician and 4th President of Somalia
January 9 – Susannah York, British actress (d. 2011) 
January 11 – Anne Heggtveit, Canadian skier 
January 12 – Joachim Yhombi-Opango, Congolese politician (d. 2020) 
January 15 – Per Ahlmark, Swedish politician, writer (d. 2018) 
January 17 – Maury Povich, American talk show host 
January 19 – Phil Everly, American rock 'n' roll musician (member of Rockabilly Hall of Fame) (d. 2014) 
January 20 – Chandra Wickramasinghe, British astronomer and poet 
January 29 – Germaine Greer, Australian feminist writer
February 3 – Michael Cimino, American film director (d. 2016) 
February 7 – Francisco Mendez, Guinea-Bissau politician, 1st Prime Minister of Guinea-Bissau (d. 1978)
February 8 – Egon Zimmermann, Austrian Olympic alpine skier (d. 2019) 
February 12 – Ray Manzarek, American keyboardist ( ) (d. The Doors 2013) 
February 13 – Beate Klarsfeld, German-born Nazi hunter
February 18 – Abdelraouf Al-Rawabdeh, Jordanian political figure, 65th Prime Minister of Jordan
February 19 – Erin Pizzey, British author, founder of the first domestic violence shelter in the modern world  February 28 – Daniel C. Tsui, Chinese-born physicist, Nobel Prize laureate 
Leo Brouwer, Cuban composer, conductor, and guitarist Tzvetan Todorov, Bulgarian-French historian, philosopher, structuralist literary critic, sociologist and essayist (d. 2017)
March 2 – Takako, Princess Suga
March 8 – Lidiya Skoblikova, Russian speed-skater
March 10 – Lee Soo-sung, 27th Prime Minister of South Korea
March 13 – Neil Sedaka, American singer-songwriter 
March 17 – Giovanni Trapattoni, Italian footballer and manager 
March 20 – Brian Mulroney, 18th Prime Minister of Canada 
March 25 – D. C. Fontana, American television writer (d. 2019)
March 29 – Terence Hill, Italian actor
April 1 – Ali MacGraw, American actress
April 2 – Marvin Gaye, American singer (d. 1984)
April 8 – Lim Keng Yaik, Malaysian politician (d. 2012)
April 9 – Michael Learned, American actress
April 10 – Claudio Magris, Italian author
April 12 – Alan Ayckbourn, English dramatist
April 15 – Jaime Paz Zamora , 60th President of Bolivia
April 16 – Dusty Springfield, English pop singer (d. 1999)
April 19 – Ali Khamenei, Supreme Leader of Iran
April 20 – Gro Harlem Brundtland, Norwegian politician, 1st female Prime Minister 
April 21 – Helen Prejean, American writer
April 23 – Lee Majors, American actor April 27 – João Bernardo Vieira, President of Guinea-Bissau (d. 2009)
May 1 – Judy Collins, American singer-songwriter
May 4 – Amos Oz, Israeli author and journalist (d. 2018) 
May 9 – Ralph Boston, American athlete 
May 13 – Harvey Keitel, American actor
May 15 – Barbara Hammer, American filmmaker (d. 2019)
May 18 – Peter Grünberg, German physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2018) 
May 20 – Roman Kartsev, Russian actor (d. 2018)
May 21 – Heinz Holliger, Swiss oboist, composer
May 22 – Paul Winfield, African-American actor (d. 2004)
May 27 – Don Williams, American musician (d. 2017) 
May 29 – Maeve Binchy, Irish author (d. 2012) 
May 30 – Michael J. Pollard, American actor (d. 2019)
June 1 – Cleavon Little, African-American actor (d. 1992)
June 4 – Ottavio Cogliati, Italian cyclist (d. 2008)
June 6 – Louis Andriessen, Dutch composer
June 9 – Ileana Cotrubaș, Romanian soprano
June 11 – Jackie Stewart, Scottish motor racing driver
June 16 – Billy "Crash" Craddock, American country and rockabilly singer
June 21 – Charles Jencks, American cultural theorist (d. 2019)
June 22 – Ada Yonath, Israeli crystallographer
June 26 – Osvaldo Hurtado, 34th President of Ecuador
June 29 – Sante Gaiardoni, Italian cyclist June 30 – Renzo Rovatti, Italian footballer
July 5 – Sergio Di Stefano, Italian actor and voice actor (d. 2010)
July 7 – Elena Obraztsova, Russian opera singer (d. 2015) 
July 10 – Mavis Staples, African-American rhythm and blues, gospel singer, actress and civil rights activist
July 13 – John Danielsen, Danish football midfielder
July 15 – Aníbal Cavaco Silva, 113th Prime Minister of Portugal, 19th President of Portugal
July 16 – Lido Vieri, Italian footballer and manager
July 17 – Milva, Italian singer, stage and film actress, and television personality
July 18 – Dion DiMucci, American singer, songwriter ( ) The Wanderer 
July 21 – Helmut Haller, German footballer (d. 2012)
July 22 – Gila Almagor, Israeli actress and author
July 24 – Walt Bellamy, African-American basketball player (d. 2013) 
July 26 – John Howard, 25th Prime Minister of Australia 
July 28 – Gösta Ekman, Swedish actor, comedian, and director (d. 2017) 
July 31 – Susan Flannery, American soap opera actress
August 1 – Robert James Waller, American novelist (d. 2017) 
August 8 – Viorica Viscopoleanu, Romanian athlete 
August 11 – James Mancham, Seychellois politician, President 1976-77 (d. 2017)
August 20 – Fernando Poe Jr., Filipino actor (d. 2004) 
August 22 – Valerie Harper, American actress (d. 2019)
August 23 – Fernando Luján, Mexican actor (d. 2019)
August 27 – Bill Mulliken, American swimmer (d. 2014) 
September 1 – Lily Tomlin, American actress ( ) Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In
September 6 – Susumu Tonegawa, Japanese biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
September 7 – Stanislav Petrov, Soviet Air Defence Forces official
September 8 – Carsten Keller, German field hockey player
September 9 – Reuven Rivlin, 10th President of Israel
September 11 – Charles Geschke, American inventor and businessman
September 15 – Ron Walker, Australian businessman, former Lord Mayor of Melbourne (d. 2018)
September 16 – Breyten Breytenbach, South African writer, painter
September 22 – Junko Tabei, Japanese mountaineer (d. 2016)
September 25 – Leon Brittan, British politician (d. 2015)
September 27 – Kathy Whitworth, American professional golfer September 30 – Jean-Marie Lehn, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
Date unknown -
Muhammad Banaru Abubakar, Nigerian Administrator and public servant (d. 2015)
October 4 – Ivan Mauger, New Zealand speedway rider, 6 times World Speedway Champion (d. 2018)
October 6 - Melvyn Bragg, Baron Bragg, English broadcaster, Parliamentarian and author ( The South Bank Show
October 8 – Paul Hogan, Australian actor and comedian
October 9 – John Pilger, Australian-born journalist 
October 11 – Maria Bueno, Brazilian tennis player (d. 2018) 
October 14 – Ralph Lauren, American fashion designer 
October 18 – Lee Harvey Oswald, American assassin of President John F. Kennedy (d. 1963) 
October 21 – Archbishop Christodoulos of Athens (d. 2008) 
October 24 – F. Murray Abraham, American actor ( ) Amadeus
October 27 – John Cleese, English comic actor and writer 
October 28 – Jane Alexander, American actress
October 29 – Malay Roy Choudhury, Bengali poet, novelist and creator of the Indian Hungry generation literary and cultural movement
November 1 – Barbara Bosson, American actress
November 5 – Cecilia Alvear, Ecuadorian-born American journalist (d. 2017)
November 10 – Russell Means, Native American activist (d. 2012)
November 14 – Wendy Carlos, American electronic composer
November 15 – Yaphet Kotto, African-American actor
November 19 – Emil Constantinescu, President of Romania
November 20 – Dick Smothers, American actor and comedian
November 21 – Mulayam Singh Yadav, Indian politician
November 25 – Rais Khan, Pakistani sitarist (d. 2017) 
November 30 – Chandra Bahadur Dangi, Nepalese dwarf, world's shortest man (d. 2015)
December 1 – Lee Trevino, American professional golfer 
December 2 – Harry Reid, American politician
December 11 – Tom Hayden, American academic, activist and politician (d. 2016)
December 14 – Ernie Davis, American football player (d. 1963)
December 15 – Cindy Birdsong, American singer
December 16 – Barney McKenna, Irish musician (d. 2012)
December 17 – Eddie Kendricks, African-American singer ( ) (d. The Temptations 1992)
December 23 – La Lupe, Cuban singer (d. 1992) 
December 26 – Phil Spector, American record producer (d.  2021) December 27 – John Amos, African-American actor ( ) Good Times
January 2 – Roman Dmowski, Polish politician (b. 1864)
January 4 – Mary J. L. Black, Canadian librarian and suffragist (b. 1879)
January 5 – Léon Abrami, French politician (b. 1879)
January 6 – Gustavs Zemgals, 2nd President of Latvia (b. 1871)
January 8 – Charles Eastman, American author, physician, reformer, helped found the Boy Scouts of America (b. 1858)
January 13 – Arthur Barker, American criminal, son of Ma Barker (b. 1899)
January 14 – Prince Valdemar of Denmark (b. 1858)
January 15 – Kullervo Manner, Finnish Speaker of the Parliament, the Prime Minister of the FSWR and the Supreme Commander of the Red Guards (b. 1880) 
January 18 – Ivan Mosjoukine, Soviet actor (b. 1889)
January 22 – Léopold Bernhard Bernstamm, Soviet sculptor (b. 1859)
January 23 – Matthias Sindelar, Austrian footballer (b. 1903)
January 24 – Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Swiss physician, nutritionist (b. 1867)
January 25 – Helen Ware, American actress (b. 1877) January 28 – W. B. Yeats, Irish writer, 1923 Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1865)
February 1 – Lawrence Marston, American actor, playwright, and film director (b. 1857)
February 2 – Vladimir Shukhov, Russian engineer, polymath, scientist and architect (b. 1853)
February 3 – Janez Frančišek Gnidovec, Yugoslav Roman Catholic priest and venerable (b. 1873)
February 4 – Edward Sapir, German-American anthropologist, linguist (b. 1884)
February 5 – Teresa Mañé Miravet, Spanish teacher, editor and writer (b. 1865)
February 6 – Sayajirao Gaekwad III, Maharada of Baroda (b. 1863)
February 9 – Henry Balfour, British archaeologist (b. 1863)
February 11 – Franz Schmidt, Austrian composer (b. 1874)
February 13 – Sir Alexander Hamilton-Gordon, British general (b. 1859)
February 15 – Henri Jaspar, Belgian politician, 27th Prime Minister of Belgium (b. 1870)
February 18 – Okamoto Kanoko, Japanese tanka poet (b. 1899)
February 20 – Charles V. Blanchard, American politician (b. 1866)
February 22 – Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (b. 1875)
February 23 – Michael Knatchbull, 5th Baron Brabourne, British peer, soldier (b. 1895)
February 26 – Ivan Fedko, Soviet army commander (b. 1897) February 27 – Nadezhda Krupskaya, Russian Marxist revolutionary, Vladimir Lenin's widow (b. 1869)
March 2 – Howard Carter, British archaeologist (b. 1874)
March 3 – Dimitrie Gerota, Romanian anatomist, physician (b. 1867)
March 5 – Herbert Mundin, British actor (b. 1898)
March 13 – Lucien Lévy-Bruhl, French sociologist, anthropologist (b. 1857)
March 14 – Agostino Borgato, Italian actor, director (b. 1871)
March 19 – Lloyd L. Gaines, American civil rights activist (disappeared)
March 21 – Avril de Sainte-Croix, French author, journalist (b. 1855)
March 23 – Abd al-Rahim al-Hajj Muhammad, Palestinian revolutionary (b. 1892)
March 27 – Ferdinand von Quast, German general (b. 1850)
March 29 – Gerardo Machado, Cuban general, 5th President of Cuba (b. 1871) March 31 – Ioannis Tsangaridis, Greek general (b. 1887)
May 1 – Bautista Saavedra , 29th President of Bolivia (b. 1870)
May 2 – Phillips Smalley, American actor, director (b. 1875)
May 3 – Wilhelm Groener, German general (b. 1867)
May 4 – James A. Johnson, American architect (b. 1865)
May 5 – José Manuel Puig Casauranc, Mexican diplomat, journalist and politician (b. 1888)
May 7 – Francesco Paleari, Italian priest and blessed (b. 1863)
May 9 – Mary, Lady Heath, Irish aviator (b. 1896)
May 10 – James Parrott, American actor (b. 1898)
May 13 – Victor Bernau, Norwegian actor, director (b. 1890)
May 19 – Ahmet Ağaoğlu, Turkish politician, author and writer (b. 1869)
May 22 – Ernst Toller, German playwright, Communist politician (b. 1893)
May 23 – Witmer Stone, American ornithologist, botanist (b. 1866)
May 24 – Aleksander Brückner, German scholar (b. 1856)
May 25 – Álvaro Casanova Zenteno, Chilean painter (b. 1857)
May 25 – Frank Watson Dyson, British astronomer (b. 1868)
May 27 – Alfred A. Cunningham, American aviator, the first United States Marine Corps aviator (b. 1882)
May 29 – Ursula Ledóchowska, Polish Roman Catholic religious professed and saint (b. 1865) May 30 – Floyd Roberts, American race car driver (b. 1900)
June 4 – Tommy Ladnier, American jazz trumpeter (b. 1900)
June 6 – George Fawcett, American actor (b. 1860)
June 9 – Owen Moore, American actor (b. 1886)
June 13 – János Teleszky, Hungarian politician (b. 1868)
June 15 – Nicolae M. Condiescu, Romanian novelist and general (b. 1880)
June 16 – Chick Webb, American musician (b. 1905)
June 19 – Grace Abbott, American social worker, activist (b. 1878)
June 22 – Benjamin Tucker, American anarchist (b. 1854)
June 23 – Ernest Alexander Cruikshank, Canadian general (b. 1859)
June 25 – Richard Seaman, British motor racing driver (b. 1913)
June 26 – Ford Madox Ford, British writer (b. 1873)
June 27 – Margaret Campbell, American actress (b. 1883)
June 30 – Eduardo Lopez Bustamante, Venezuelan poet, lawyer and journalist (b. 1881)
July 11 – Stiliyan Kovachev, Bulgarian general (b. 1860)
July 17 – María del Carmen González-Valerio, Spanish Roman Catholic saint (b. 1930)
July 19 – Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (b. 1850)
July 20 – Joseph Mendes da Costa, Dutch sculptor (b. 1863)
July 23 – Jack Duffy, American actor (b. 1882)
July 24 – Abdul Karim Ghaznavi, Indian politician, traveler and minister (b. 1872)
July 26 – William Mackay, American artist (b. 1876)
July 29 – Pio Laporte, Canadian physician, politician (b. 1878)
August 2 – Harvey Spencer Lewis, American mystic (b. 1883)
August 10 – Carlo Galimberti, Italian Olympic weightlifter (b. 1894)
August 11 – Jean Bugatti, German automobile designer (b. 1909)
August 12 – Eulalio Gutiérrez, President of Mexico (b. 1881)
August 15 – Federico Gamboa, Mexican diplomat, writer (b. 1864)
August 24 – Piero Colonna, Italian politician (b. 1891)
August 25 – Arthur Asquith, British general (b. 1883)
August 26 – Rubén González Cárdenas, Venezuelan lawyer (b. 1875)
August 29 – Marthe de Florian, French painter (b. 1864)
August 30 – Wilhelm Bölsche, German journalist, science writer (b. 1861) August 31 – Richard Bouwens van der Boijen, French architect (b. 1863)
September 6 – Arthur Rackham, British artist (b. 1867)
September 7 – Kyōka Izumi, Japanese author (b. 1873)
September 8 – Swami Abhedananda, Indian mystic (b. 1866)
September 10 – Wilhelm Fritz von Roettig, German Waffen SS general, first general killed in action during World War II (b. 1888)
September 11 – Marion De Vries, American politician (b. 1865)
September 18 – Stanisław Ignacy Witkiewicz, Polish writer, painter (b. 1885)
September 28 – Samuel Dickstein, Polish mathematician (b. 1851) September 30 – Yusuf Abu Durra, Palestinian revolt leader (b. 1900)
October 2 – Edgar M. Lazarus, American architect (b. 1862)
October 3 – Fay Templeton, American musical comedy star (b. 1865)
October 6 – Giulio Gavotti, Italian aviator (b. 1882)
October 7 – Harvey Cushing, American neurosurgeon (b. 1869)
October 8 – Gustav Henriksen, Norwegian executive (b. 1872)
October 13 – Ford Sterling, American actor (b. 1882)
October 14 – Polaire, French actress (b. 1874)
October 22 – Bernardas Fridmanas, Lithuanian lawyer, judge, journalist and politician (b. 1859)
October 24 – Prince Joachim Albert of Prussia (b. 1876)
October 28 – Alice Brady, American actress (b. 1892)
October 29 – Dwight B. Waldo, American educator, historian (b. 1864)
October 30 – Carlos De Valdez, Peruvian actor (b. 1894) October 31
November 1 – Kálmán Darányi, 31st Prime Minister of Hungary (b. 1886)
November 5 – Charles Barrois, French geologist (b. 1851)
November 7 – Kirsti Suonio, Finnish actress (b. 1872)
November 12 – Norman Bethune, Canadian humanitarian (b. 1890)
November 13 – Lois Weber, American actress (b. 1881) 
November 17 – Aurelio Mosquera, Ecuadorian politician, 25th President of Ecuador (b. 1883)
November 21 – Émile Guépratte, French admiral (b. 1856) 
November 22 – King Daudi Cwa II of Buganda (b. 1896)
November 24 – John Harron, American actor (b. 1903)
November 28 – James Naismith, Canadian inventor of basketball (b. 1861) November 29
December 3 – Princess Louise, Duchess of Argyll, second youngest daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1848)
December 5 – Santiago Iglesias, Puerto Rican statesman (b. 1872)
December 9 – Louis de Chappedelaine, French politician (b. 1876)
December 12 – Douglas Fairbanks, American actor, father of Douglas Fairbanks Jr. (b. 1883)
December 13 – Gildardo Magaña, Mexican general, politician and revolutionary (b. 1891)
December 16 – Juan Demóstenes Arosemena, 18th President of Panama (b. 1879)
December 18 – Bruno Liljefors, Swedish artist (b. 1860)
December 20 – Hans Langsdorff, German naval officer (suicide) (b. 1894)
December 22 – Ma Rainey, African-American blues singer (b. 1886)
December 24 – Walter Gordon, German physicist (b. 1893)
December 25 – Ivan Dmitriyevich Borisov, Soviet aircraft pilot (b. 1913)
December 31 – Frank Benson, British actor (b. 1858)
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