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1922 ( MCMXXII)
was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar, the 1922nd year of the Common Era (CE) and (AD) designations, the 922nd year of the Anno Domini 2nd millennium, the 22nd year of the 20th century, and the 3rd year of the 1920s decade. As of the start of 1922, the Gregorian calendar was
13 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.
January – The year begins with the British Empire at its largest extent, covering a quarter of the world and ruling over one in four people on Earth.
January 7 – Dáil Éireann, the parliament of the Irish Republic, ratifies the Anglo-Irish Treaty by 64–57 votes. 
January 8 – The Social Democratic Youth League of Norway is founded.
January 9 – Julieta founds the Chilean Communist Party.
January 10 – Arthur Griffith is elected President of Dáil Éireann.
January 11 – The first successful insulin treatment of diabetes is made, by Frederick Banting in Toronto.
January 12 – The British government releases the remaining Irish prisoners captured in the War of Independence.
January 13 – The flu epidemic has claimed 804 victims in Britain.
January 15 – Michael Collins becomes Chairman of the Irish Provisional Government.
January 24 – Christian K. Nelson patents the . Eskimo Pie
January 26 – Italian forces occupy Misrata, Libya; the reconquest of Libya begins.
January 28 – Knickerbocker Storm: Snowfall from the biggest-ever recorded snowstorm in Washington, D.C., causes the roof of the Knickerbocker Theatre to collapse, killing 98. January 29 – The union of Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador is dissolved.
March 4 – The movie is released. Nosferatu
March 10 – Mohandas Gandhi is arrested in Bombay for sedition.
March 10– 14 – The Rand Rebellion, a strike by white South African mine workers, begins on 28 December 1921, and becomes open rebellion against the state.
March 13 – Edward, Prince of Wales, inaugurates the in Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College Dehradun, India, marking a capitulation of the Governor General and Secretary of State for India, to growing pressure for Indianization of the officer cadre of the Indian Army.
March 15 – Egypt having gained self-government from the United Kingdom, Fuad I becomes King of Egypt.
March 18 – In British India, Mahatma Gandhi is sentenced to six years in prison for sedition (he serves only two).
March 20 – The USS is commissioned as the first Langley United States Navy aircraft carrier.
March 22 – Radio station WLW in Cincinnati begins broadcasting. 
March 23 – Queensland, Australia abolishes the Legislative Council (Upper House).
March 26 – The German Social Democratic Party is founded in Poland. March 31 – The Hinterkaifeck Murders occur in Germany, on a late evening.
May 3 – Viktor Kingissepp, leader of the underground Estonian Communist Party, is executed in Estonia.
May 5 – In The Bronx, construction begins on Yankee Stadium.
May 8 – In Moscow, eight priests, two laymen, and one woman are sentenced to death for opposition to the Soviet government's confiscation of church property.
May 11 – Radio station KGU begins broadcasting in Hawaii.
May 18 – Sergei Diaghilev, Igor Stravinsky, Pablo Picasso, Marcel Proust, James Joyce, Erik Satie and Clive Bell dine together in Paris, at the Majestic hotel, their only joint meeting. 
May 19 – The All-Russian Young Pioneer Organisation is established.
May 29 – British Liberal MP Horatio Bottomley is jailed for seven years for fraud. May 30 – In Washington, D.C., the Lincoln Memorial is dedicated.
October 1 – G. I. Gurdjieff opens his Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man at Fontainebleau, France.
October 3 – Rebecca L. Felton becomes the first female U.S. senator, when Georgia's governor gives her a temporary appointment, pending an election to replace Senator Thomas Watson, who had died suddenly.
October 15 – T. S. Eliot establishes magazine, containing the first publication of his poem The Criterion . This first appears in the United States later this month in The Waste Land (dated November 1), and is first published complete with notes in book form, by Boni and Liveright in New York in The Dial December.
October 18 – The British Broadcasting Company is formed. 
October 25 – The Third Dáil enacts the Constitution of the Irish Free State.
October 26 – Hogarth Press publishes the Virginia Woolf novel . Jacob's Room
October 27 – Southern Rhodesians reject union with South Africa in a referendum.
October 31 – Benito Mussolini, 39, becomes the youngest ever Prime Minister of Italy. October
3,000 German marks are now needed to buy a single American dollar – triple the figure three months ago.
The Russian Civil War ends, with the colonies remaining part of Russia.
November 4 – In Egypt, English archaeologist Howard Carter and his men find the entrance to Pharaoh Tutankhamun's tomb, in the Valley of the Kings. 
November 12 – Sigma Gamma Rho (ΣΓΡ) Sorority, Incorporated is founded by seven educators in Indianapolis, Indiana. The group becomes an incorporated national collegiate sorority on December 30, 1929, when a charter is granted to the Alpha Chapter at Butler University in Indianapolis.
November 14 – The British Broadcasting Company (BBC) begins radio service in the United Kingdom, broadcasting from station 2LO in London.
November 15 – In the United Kingdom general election forced by the Conservatives' withdrawal from the coalition government, the Conservative Party wins an overall majority. (The 1922 Committee, popularly believed to take its name from this occasion, is not founded until the following year.)
November 17 – Former Ottoman sultan Mehmed VI leaves for exile in Italy.
November 19– Abdülmecid II, Crown Prince of the Ottoman Empire, is elected Caliph.
November 21 – Rebecca Felton of Georgia takes the oath of office, becoming the first woman United States Senator. November 24 – Popular author and anti-Treaty Republican Erskine Childers is executed by firing squad in Dublin, after conviction by an Irish Free State military court for the unlawful possession of a gun, a weapon presented to him by Michael Collins in 1920 as a gift. 
The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is created. (
Coat of arms
December 5 – The British Parliament enacts the Irish Free State Constitution Act, by which it legally sanctions the new Constitution of the Irish Free State.
December 6 – The Irish Free State officially comes into existence.  George V becomes the Free State's monarch. Tim Healy is appointed first Governor-General of the Irish Free State, and W. T. Cosgrave becomes President of the Executive Council.
December 9 – Gabriel Narutowicz is elected the first president of Poland.
December 11 – The trial of Edith Thompson and Frederick Bywaters ends at the Old Bailey in London, for the murder of Thompson's husband; both are found guilty and sentenced to death.
December 16 – Gabriel Narutowicz, sworn on December 11 as first president of the Second Polish Republic, is assassinated by a right-wing sympathizer in Warsaw.
December 20 – by Antigone Jean Cocteau appears on stage in Paris, with settings by Pablo Picasso, music by Arthur Honegger and costumes by Gabrielle Chanel. 
December 27 – Japanese aircraft carrier becomes the first purpose-designed Hōshō aircraft carrier to be commissioned.
December 30 – Russia, Ukraine, Belarus and the Transcaucasian Republic ( Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia) come together to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, dissolved in 1991. December – The year ends with hyperinflation showing no sign of slowing down in Germany, with 7,000 marks now needed to buy a single American dollar. 
Wracked by rapid inflation and political assassinations, and motivated by hostility and arrogance as well, the
Weimar Republic announces its inability to pay more, and proposes a moratorium on reparations for 3 years.
Kurd Istigdul Djemijetin, the Kurdish Independence Committee, is founded. The
Inter-Parliamentary Union is established.
Earl W. Bascom, rodeo cowboy and artist, designs and makes rodeo's first hornless bronc saddle at Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada.
is invented by Australian entrepreneur Vegemite Fred Walker. The
Molly Pitcher Club is formed to promote the repeal of Prohibition in the United States. Thompson Webb founds the
Webb School of California for boys in Claremont. The
Barbary lion becomes extinct in the wild, with the last killed in Morocco, in the area of the Zelan and Beni Mguild Forests.  The
Amur tiger becomes extinct in South Korea.  The California
grizzly bear becomes extinct. Bronisław Malinowski's influential ethnological text, , is published. Argonauts of the Western Pacific
January 1 – Ernest Hollings, Democratic U.S. Senator from South Carolina
January 2 – Blaga Dimitrova, Bulgarian poet and politician (d. 2003)
January 3 – John R. Schmidhauser, American politician (d. 2018)
January 5 – Helen Smith, American female baseball player
January 6 – Hugo Broch, German lieutenant and pilot
January 8 – Jan Nieuwenhuys, Dutch painter (d. 1986)
January 10 – Terence Kilmartin, Irish journalist, translator (d. 1991)
January 12 – Tadeusz Żychiewicz, Polish journalist, art historian and publicist (d. 1994)
January 14 – Guy Stern, German literary scholar
January 16 – Ernesto Bonino, Italian singer (d. 2008)
January 24 – Charles Socarides, American psychiatrist (d. 2005)
January 28 – Robert W. Holley, American biochemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1993)
January 29 – Gerda Steinhoff, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
January 31 – Joanne Dru, American actress (d. 1996)
March 2 – Hilarion Capucci, Syrian Catholic bishop (d. 2017)
March 3 – Nándor Hidegkuti, Hungarian footballer (d. 2002)
March 5 – Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian film director (d. 1975)
March 6 – Wanda Klaff, German Nazi war criminal (d. 1946)
March 11 – Abdul Razak Hussein, second Prime Minister of Malaysia (d. 1976)
March 13 – Jim Wiggins, English actor (d. 1999)
March 15 – Karl-Otto Apel, German philosopher (d. 2017)
March 16 – Harding Lemay, American television scriptwriter, playwright (d. 2018)
March 17 – Patrick Suppes, American philosopher (d. 2014)
March 19 – Hiroo Onoda, Japanese officer, WWII holdout (d. 2014)
Arnold Burgen, English physicist, pharmacologist, academic and administrator Carl Reiner, American film director, producer, actor, and comedian
March 21 – Russ Meyer, American film director, producer (d. 2004)
March 26 – William Milliken, American politician
March 29 – March Fong Eu, American politician (d. 2017) March 31
April 6 – Nancy Mackay, Canadian athlete
April 9 – Johnny Thomson, American racecar driver (d. 1960)
April 11 – Margo Woode, American actress
April 13 – Julius Nyerere, 1st President of Tanzania (d. 1999)
April 14 – Ali Akbar Khan, Indian musician (d. 2009)
April 15 – Michael Ansara, Syrian-born American actor (d. 2013)
April 18 – Barbara Hale, American actress (d. 2017)
April 21 – Alistair MacLean, Scottish writer (d. 1987)
April 22 – Charles Mingus, African-American musician (d. 1979)
April 23 – Marjorie Cameron, American writer, painter, actress and occultist (d. 1995)
April 28 – William Broomfield, American politician April 29 – Toots Thielemans, Belgian jazz musician (d. 2016)
May 2 – Roscoe Lee Browne, African-American actor (d. 2007)
May 4 – Eugenie Clark, American marine biologist (d. 2015)
May 8 – Yusof Rawa, Malaysian politician (d. 2000)
May 10 – Nancy Walker, American actress, singer and director (d. 1992)
May 11 – Ameurfina Melencio-Herrera, Filipino Supreme Court jurist
May 14 – Franjo Tuđman, first President of Croatia (d. 1999)
May 21 – James Lopez Watson, American judge (d. 2001)
May 22 – Quinn Martin, American television producer (d. 1987)
May 25 – Enrico Berlinguer, Italian politician (d. 1984)
May 30 – Hal Clement, American writer (d. 2003) May 31 – Denholm Elliott, English actor (d. 1992)
July 8 – Eugenio Martínez (alias Musculito), Cuban-born American real estate agent, former anti-Castro activist and Watergate burglar
July 9 – Angelines Fernández, Spanish-born Mexican actress (d. 1994)
July 12 – Mark Hatfield, American politician, educator (d. 2011)
Henri Bangou, French politician
Ghulam Nabi Firaq, Kashmiri poet, writer and educationist (d. 2016)
B. Rajam Iyer, Carnatic singer from South India (d. 2009)
Rajan Kadiragamar, Sri Lankan admiral
Leon M. Lederman, American physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 2018)
Khagapati Pradhani, Indian politician (d. 2010) Jean-Pierre Richard, French writer, literary critic
July 27 – Norman Lear, American television writer, producer
July 29 – Mac Wilson, Australian rules footballer (d. 1996) July 31
August 1 – Paul Fitzgerald, Australian painter (d. 2017)
August 5 – Sandy Kenyon, American actor (d. 2010)
August 6 – James Wong, Malaysian politician (d. 2011)
August 9 – Philip Larkin, English poet (d. 1985)
August 11 – Sara Luzita, Spanish actress and dancer
August 14 – Leslie Marr, English racing driver
August 15 – Lukas Foss, German-born composer (d. 2009)
August 17 – Khaled Mohieddin, Egyptian military officer, politician (d. 2018)
August 21 – Mel Fisher, American treasure hunter, founder of the Mel Fisher Maritime Heritage Museum (d. 1998)
August 22 – Micheline Presle, French actress
August 25 – Ivry Gitlis, Israeli violinist
August 27 – Sōsuke Uno, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1998) August 31 – André Baudry, French magazine editor (d. 2018)
October 4 – Gianna Beretta Molla, Italian Roman Catholic pediatrician, saint (d. 1962)
October 5 – José Froilán González, Argentine race car driver (d. 2013)
October 6 – George R. Price, American population geneticist (d. 1975)
October 7 – Martha Stewart, American actress
October 8 – Shin Kyuk-ho, South Korean businessman
October 9 – Fyvush Finkel, American comedian (d. 2016)
October 10 – Edna Child, English diver
October 11 – Wolfgang Zuckermann, German-American harpsichord maker and sustainability activist (d. 2018)
October 14 – Yumeji Tsukioka, Japanese actress (d. 2017)
October 20 – John Anderson, American actor (d. 1992)
October 21 – Liliane Bettencourt, French businesswoman, philanthropist (d. 2017)
October 22 – John Chafee, American politician (d. 1999)
October 24 – George Miller, American politician who served as mayor of Tucson, Arizona (d. 2014)
Poul Bundgaard, Danish actor, singer (d. 1998)
Ruby Dee, American actress, poet, activist, journalist and second wife of Ossie Davis (d. 2014)
Michel Galabru, French actor (d. 2016)
Ralph Kiner, American Baseball Hall of Famer (d. 2014) Del Rice, American professional baseball player, coach and manager (d. 1983)
November 1 – Ezio Barbieri, Italian criminal (d. 2018)
November 2 – Stan Perron, Australian businessman (d. 2018)
November 3 – Townsend Cromwell, American oceanographer (d. 1958)
November 4 – Eddie Basinski, American baseball player
November 6 – Vivian Kellogg, American professional baseball player (d. 2013)
November 8 – Chris Barnard, South African cardiac surgeon, heart transplant pioneer (d. 2001)
November 12 – Kim Hunter, American actress (d. 2002)
November 13 – Oskar Werner, Austrian actor (d. 1984)
November 15 – David Sidney Feingold, American biochemist
November 17 – Stanley Cohen, American physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
November 18 – Luis Somoza Debayle, 26th President of Nicaragua (d. 1967)
November 19 – Yuri Knorozov, Russian linguist, epigrapher (d. 1999)
November 22 – Francesco Rosi, Italian film director (d. 2015)
November 24 – Song Sin-do, Korean former comfort woman (d. 2017)
November 25 – Shelagh Fraser, British actress (d. 2000)
November 26 – Charles M. Schulz, American cartoonist (d. 2000)
November 29 – Michael Howard, English historian, author and academic
May 3 – Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Communist politician (b. 1888)
May 7 – Max Wagenknecht, German composer (b. 1857)
May 12 – John Martin Poyer, United States Navy Commander, 12th Governor of American Samoa (b. 1861)
May 15 – Leslie Ward, English portrait artist, caricaturist (b. 1851)
May 16 – Rudolf Montecuccoli, Austro-Hungarian admiral (b. 1843)
May 18 – Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1845)
May 19 – Son Byong-hi, Korean activist (b. 1861)
May 21 – Michael Mayr, Austrian politician, 2nd Chancellor of Austria (b. 1864) May 26 – Ernest Solvay, Belgian chemist, philanthropist and entrepreneur (b. 1838)
November 1 – Lima Barreto, Brazilian writer (b. 1881)
November 7 – Sam Thompson, American baseball player, MLB Hall of Famer (b. 1860)
November 14 – Godfrey Chevalier, American naval aviation pioneer (b. 1889)
November 15 – Dimitrios Gounaris, 94th Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1867)
November 18 – Marcel Proust, French author (b. 1871)
November 23 – Eduard Seler, Prussian scholar, Mesoamericanist (b. 1849)
November 24 – Erskine Childers, Irish novelist, nationalist (executed) (b. 1870)
November 27 – Demetrio Castillo Duany, Cuban revolutionary, soldier, and politician (b. 1856) November 30 – René Cresté, French actor, director (b. 1881)
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^ a b
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King, Joan Wucher (1989) . Historical Dictionary of Egypt. Books of Lasting Value. American University in Cairo Press. pp. 259–260. ISBN 978-977-424-213-7.
Blaustein, Albert P.; Sigler, Jay A.; Beede, Benjamin R., eds. (1977). . Independence Documents of the World 1. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications. pp. 204–205. ISBN 978-0-379-00794-7.
Kiesewetter, John (2002-03-17). "WLW 700 turns 80". The Cincinnati Enquirer . Retrieved . 2012-10-18
Paxton, Leith; Bourne, David (1985). Locomotives of the South African Railways (1st ed.). Cape Town: Struik. pp. 99, 110, 115–117, 121, 149. ISBN 0869772112.
Statement Showing, in Chronological Order, the Date of Opening and the Mileage of Each Section of Railway, Statement No. 19, p. 188, ref. no. 200954-13
"Prince's Visit to Japan". . Singapore: newspapers.nl.sg. 4 April 1922 The Straits Times . Retrieved . 2013-12-28
Phillips, Sir Percival (1922). The Prince of Wales' Eastern book, a pictorial record of the voyages of H.M.S. "Renown", 1921-1922 (PDF). New York: Hodder and Stoughton. pp. 192–193 . Retrieved . 2013-12-28
Jackson, Kevin (2012). Constellation of Genius – 1922: Modernism Year One. London: Hutchinson. ISBN 978-0-091-93097-4.
Stewart, Matthew. "Catastrophe at Smyrna". . History Today 54 (7).
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"Jean Cocteau - biography 1889-1922". Jean Cocteau Committee . Retrieved . 2013-08-07
"Weimar Germany 1919-1933". Historyhome.co.uk. 2011-01-05 . Retrieved . 2012-02-28
"Extinction: Barbary Lion UWSP GEOG358 [Heywood]". Uwsp.edu. Archived from the original on March 18, 2012 . Retrieved . 2012-02-28
"Save the Tiger". Koreanhistoryproject.org. Archived from the original on March 11, 2012 . Retrieved . 2012-02-28
"Player & Result Finder: Scottish Football Association". The Scottish FA. 1922-09-04 . Retrieved . 2012-02-28